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Pariṇāmanā is a Sanskrit term which may be rendered in English as "merit transference" though in common parlance it is rendered as "dedication".[1] The Pariṇāmanā or 'dedication' is a standard part of Buddhist spiritual discipline or practice (Sanskrit: sādhanā) where the practitioner's (or sadhaka's) accumulation of merit, spiritual power or siddhi (Sanskrit) is transferred to all sentient beings.

Nomenclature and etymology

Pariṇāmanā (Devanāgarī: परिणामना "transformation; bringing to full development". Tibetan: bsío ba).[2]

Sevenfold Highest Practice

Orientalia (2004) in mentioning punyanumodana and pūjā states that:

Parinamana - part of the Sevenfold Puja; transfer of merit; the merit earned in punyanumodana may be given over to help ease the sufferings and misfortunes of others who are less fortunate.[3]

In Buddhism, Pariṇāmanā is " aspect of the Sevenfold Highest Practice".[2] The Sevenfold Highest Practice is an English rendering of Saptavidhā Anuttarapūjā (Devanāgarī: सप्तविधा अनुत्तरपूजा; Tibetan: bla na med pa'i mchod pa rnam pa bdun).[4]

Indopedia in discussing the Sevenfold Highest Practice in relation to the Pratimoksha, sutra and vinaya states that the Sevenfold Highest Practice is:

Possibly related to the Pratimokṣya (Sanskrit) or Pātimokkha (Pali) renunciation vows of the early vinaya, as these suttas and sutras contain some of the same terminology.[4]

Parinamana Gatha


  1. Gäng, Peter and Wetzel, Sylvia (editors)(2004). Buddhist Terms Multilingual Version. Buddhist Academy Berlin Brandenburg. Source: [1] (accessed: December 19, 2007)
  2. 2.0 2.1 Source: [2] (accessed: December 19, 2007)
  3. Source: [3] (accessed: December 19, 2007)
  4. 4.0 4.1 Source: [4] (accessed: December 19, 2007)

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