Parapiptadenia rigida is a perennial shrub or tree. It is native to Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay. Common names include Angico, Angico-cedro, Angico-do-banhado, Angico-dos-montes, Angico-verdadeiro, Angico-vermelho, Guarucaia and Paric.[1]

Parapiptadenia rigida grows from about 18m to 30m in height and it has a straight trunk which has slightly furrowed bark. The foliage is dark green and the flowers are greenish-yellow 5cm to 9cm long. It blooms in the Spring. The seed pods grow 9cm to 16cm in length. The seeds are flat, oval and brown. It is found along the lengths of rivers.


Essential oils

"Essential oils" from the tree are becoming more widely recognized in industrial fragrance production.[2]


Gum from the tree can be used in the same way as gum arabic.[3]

Medicinal uses

The tree has astringent, expectorant, anti-diarrheal, antiseptic[4] and hemmorage-arresting properties.[5] It is used for its antiseptic properties in southern Brazil.[4] The bark has a high tannin content of 15.0%[6] and it is used in folk medicine as a bitter-tasting tonic and body cleanser. It is used to treat rickets, lack of appetite and muscle weakness.[7] Parapiptadenia rigida is psychoactive[8] and used as an entheogen.


The tree's bark contains 15.0% tannin.[9]


Its dense, wood is resistant to the elements and is used for construction,[10] carpentry, beams for bridges[7], poles and firewood.[11] The wood is said to be unaffected by insects including termites and it can last more than 20 years unpainted.

Mechanical properties

It has a "Janka Hardness" of 2300-3700 lb.,[12] a parallel "bending strength" of 16900 psi, a parallel "compression strength" of 8500 psi and a density of 720-1199 kg/m³[13][14] at a moisture content of 12-15%. Its modulus of elasticity is 157 801 kg/cm².[15]

For hardwood flooring it is called "Pepperwood."[12]


  1. What goes here?
  2. Perfumer and Flavorist Magazine
  3. Anadenanthera: Visionary Plant of Ancient South America By Constantino Manuel Torres, David B. Repke, p. 98
  4. 4.0 4.1 Bionews Online
  5. PDF Múltiplos Usos de Espécies Vegetais Pela Farmacologia Guarani Através De Iinformações Històricas
  6. Google Books Anadenanthera: Visionary Plant of Ancient South America By Constantino Manuel Torres, David B. Repke p. 96
  7. 7.0 7.1 Árvoresdeirati
  8. Index of Rätsch, Christian. Enzyklopädie der psychoaktiven Pflanzen, Botanik, Ethnopharmakologie und Anwendungen, 7. Auflage. AT Verlag, 2004, 941 Seiten. ISBN 3855025703 at [1]
  9. Anadenanthera: Visionary Plant of Ancient South America By Constantino Manuel Torres, David B. Repke
  10. Florestar Estatístico
  11. Bericht ueber die Exkursion des Lehrstuhls fuer Vegetationsoekologie durch Suedamerika 2005
  12. 12.0 12.1 J.G. Architectural
  13. Argentinean Hard Woods
  14. World AgroForestry
  15. Ficha Técnica: Anchico Colorado (Spanish)

External links

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original article was at Parapiptadenia rigida. The list of authors can be seen in the page history.

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