The Papyrus of Ani is a papyrus manuscript written in cursive hieroglyphs and illustrated with color miniatures created in the 19th dynasty of the New Kingdom of ancient Egypt (1240s BCE).

Egyptians often compiled an individualized book for each person at their death, called the "Book of Going Forth by Day". This book is more commonly known as the Book of the Dead. It usually contained declarations and spells to help the deceased in their afterlife. The "Book of the Dead" for scribe Ani from Thebes is the manuscript called the Papyrus of Ani.

It was purchased in 1888 by Sir E. A. Wallis Budge for the collection of the British Museum in London where it remains today. Before shipping the manuscript to England, Budge cut the seventy-eight foot scroll into thirty-seven sheets of nearly equal size, damaging the scroll's integrity at a time when technology had not yet allowed the pieces to be put back together.


0236Praises of Khert-Neter
0308Seven Arits
0410Pylons of the House of Osiris
0622Hail Thoths
0732Chapter Collection 1
0919Miscellaneous (Hymns, Hails, Homage, Chapter, Rubric)
1018Chapter Collection 2
1120Funeral Chamber Texts
note: Divisions vary based on compilations. 'Sections' are groups of related sentences; not a true English grammatical construct. Titles are not original to the text.

See also


  • The Egyptian Book of the Dead: The Book of Going Forth by Day, The First Authentic Presentation of the Complete "Papyrus of Ani", Introduction and commentary by Dr. Ogden Goelet, Translation by Dr. Raymond O. Faulkner, Preface by Carol Andrews, Featuring Integrated Text and Full Color Images, (Chronicle Books, San Francisco) c1994, Rev. ed. c1998. Contains: Map Key to the Papyrus, Commentary by Dr. Ogden Goelet, Selected Bibliography, and "Glossary of Terms and Concepts".
  • Eternal Egypt: Masterworks of Ancient Art from the British Museum, Edna Russmann.
  • The Egyptian Book of the Dead: (The Papyrus of Ani), (Dover Ed., New York), c1895, Dover ed., 1967. Egyptian Text Transliteration and Translation, Introduction, etc. by Sir E.A.Wallis Budge.

External links

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original article was at Papyrus of Ani. The list of authors can be seen in the page history.

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