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Papal conclave, 1431

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Papal conclave 1431 (March 2 – March 3, 1431) convened after the death of Pope Martin V, elected as his successor cardinal Gabriele Condulmer, who took the name Eugene IV. It was the first papal conclave held after the end of the Great Western Schism.

List of participants

Pope Martin V died on February 20, 1431. At the time of his death, there were 22 living cardinals, but only 19 were considered to be valid electors. 13 of them participated in the conclave:

Elector Nationality Cardinalatial Title Elevated Elevator Notes
Giordano Orsini Roman Bishop of Albano 1405, June 12 Pope Innocent VII Dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals; Grand penitentiary; Cardinal-protector of the Order of Franciscans
Antonio Correr, O.C.R.S.A. Venetian Bishop of Porto e Santa Rufina 1408, May 9 Pope Gregory XII (Cardinal-nephew) Archpriest of the patriarchal Vatican Basilica
Antonio Panciera Friuli Priest of S. Susanna 1411, June 6 Antipope John XXIII Protopriest of the Sacred College of Cardinals; Administrator of the suburbicarian see of Frascati
Gabriel Condulmer, O.C.R.S.A. (elected Pope Eugene IV) Venetian Priest of S. Maria in Trastevere 1408, May 9 Pope Gregory XII (Cardinal-nephew)
Alfonso Carillo de Albornoz Castilian Priest of SS. IV Coronati 1408, September 22 Antipope Benedict XIII Archpriest of the patriarchal Lateran Basilica; Administrator of Osma and of Sigüenza
Branda Castiglione Duchy of Milan Priest of S. Clemente 1411, June 6 Antipope John XXIII
Jean de La Rochetaillée French Priest of S. Lorenzo in Lucina 1426, May 24 Pope Martin V Administrator of Rouen and of Besançon; Archpriest of the patriarchal Liberian Basilica; Cardinal-protector of the Order of Carmelites
Antonio Cassini Siena Priest of S. Marcello 1426, May 24 Pope Martin V Administrator of Grosseto
Niccolo Albergati, O.Carth. Bolognese Priest of S. Croce in Gerusalemme 1426, May 24 Pope Martin V Administrator of Bologna
Lucido Conti Roman Deacon of S. Maria in Cosmedin 1411, June 6 Antipope John XXIII Protodeacon of the Sacred College of Cardinals; Cardinal-protector of the Teutonic Order; Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals
Ardicino della Porta Duchy of Milan Deacon of SS. Cosma e Damiano 1426, May 24 Pope Martin V
Prospero Colonna Roman Deacon of S. Giorgio in Velabro 1426, May 24, published on November 8, 1430 Pope Martin V (Cardinal-nephew)
Giuliano Cesarini Roman Deacon of S. Angelo in Pescheria 1426, May 24, published on November 8, 1430 Pope Martin V

The Council of Constance confirmed the cardinalatial creations of the all three obediences of the time of Schism. Six participants were creatures of Pope Martin V, three – of "Pisan" Antipope John XXIII, two of "Roman" Pope Gregory XII, one by "Roman" Pope Innocent VII and one of Antipope Benedict XIII of Avignon.

Absentee

Six electors did not participate in this conclave:

Elector Nationality Cardinalatial Title Elevated Elevator Notes
Pierre de Foix, O.F.M. French Cardinal-Priest of S. Stefano al Monte Celio September, 1414 Antipope John XXIII Legate in Avignon; administrator of Comminges
Domingo Ram, O.C.R.S.A. Catalonian Priest of SS. Giovanni e Paolo 1423, July 23, published on November 8, 1430 Pope Martin V Administrator of Lerida
Louis Aleman, O.C.R.S.J. French Priest of S. Cecilia 1426, May 24 Pope Martin V Administrator of Arles
Henry Beaufort English Priest of S. Eusebio 1426, May 24 Pope Martin V Administrator of Winchester; legate a latere in England
Juan de Cervantes Castilian Priest of S. Pietro in Vincoli 1426, May 24 Pope Martin V Administrator of Tui
Hugues Lancelot de Lusignan Kingdom of Cyprus Deacon of S. Adriano 1426, May 24 Pope Martin V Administrator of Nicosia

All the absentee electors were created by Martin V, except Pierre de Foix, who was elevated by Pisan Antipope John XXIII.

Non-electors

Pope Martin V initiated the custom of creating cardinals without publishing their names at the time (in pectore). Three cardinals created in this way were not allowed to participate in this conclave, because their names had not been published before the death of Martin V (Casanova and de Montfort), or some necessary rites had not been accomplished (Capranica):


Elector Nationality Cardinalatial Title Elevated Elevator Notes
Juan Casanova, O.P. Catalonian Priest of S. Sisto November 8, 1430, not published Pope Martin V Administrator of Elne
Guillaume Ragenel de Montfort French Priest [no title assigned] 1430, November 8, not published Pope Martin V Bishop of Saint-Malo
Domenico Capranica Capranica Prenestina, Papal States Deacon of S. Maria in Via Lata 1423, July 23, published on November 8, 1430, but without finishing the rite of his investiture as cardinal Pope Martin V Administrator of Fermo; Governor of Perugia and of the Duchy of Spoleto

The election of Pope Eugene IV

On March 2 all cardinals present in Rome entered the conclave in Santa Maria sopra Minerva. Initially, the electors prepared and subscribed the conclave capitulation. The terms of the capitulation were following:

• Half of papal revenue was to be shared with the College of Cardinals

• No major issues were to be decided without the consent of the College

The first scrutiny took place on the following day and ended with unanimous election of Cardinal Gabriele Condulmer, who took the name of Eugene IV. On March 11 he was solmenly crowned in the steps of the patriarchal Vatican Basilica by Cardinal Lucido Conti, protodeacon of S. Maria in Cosmedin.

Sources

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