In Greek mythology, Pandion I (Ancient Greek: Πανδίων Α') was a legendary king of Athens, the son and heir to Erichthonius of Athens and his wife, the naiad Praxithea. He married a naiad, Zeuxippe, and they had four children, Erechtheus, Butes, Procne, and Philomela. His rule was unremarkable. He fought a war with Labdacus, the king of Thebes, over boundaries, and married his daughter Procne to Tereus in exchange for help in the fighting. According to the Bibliotheca, it was during Pandion I's reign that the gods Demeter and Dionysus came to Attica. Before his death, he gave the rule of Athens to Erechtheus, but the priesthoods of Poseidon and Athena to Butes. He is said to have died of grief when he discovered that his daughters, luciana and Philomela, had died.
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