Panchamrita (Devanagari:पञ्चामृत, from Sanskrit: pañcāmṛta) is a mixture of five foods used in Hindu worship and puja,[1] usually honey, sugar, milk, yoghurt, and ghee.[2][3]


Pañcāmṛta is a Sanskrit compound of two words:

  • Pañca, 'five'.[4]
  • Amṛta, lit. 'immortal', "nectar of immortality, ambrosia, beverage of the gods".[5]


Equal quantities of Milk (preferably cow milk), Yoghurt, Honey, Sugar and Ghee are mixed together.[2][3] However, there may be certain regional variations in ingredients. Most south Indians add ripe banana[6] instead of sugar.Keralites may also include tender coconut. Some recipes also include grapes[7].


In Hevajra tantra

Beer (2004: pp.327-332) contrasts the Panchamrita of the Dakshinachara and the Vāmācāra and identifies that the "Left-Hand Path" (Sanskrit: Vāmamārga) of the Hevajra Tantra (and of the Anuttarayoga Tantras in general) worship with a different enumeration of the Panchamrita: human faeces, marrow, semen, blood and urine.[8]


  1. For definition of पञ्चामृत (IAST: pañcāmṛta ) as "the collection of five sweet things used in worshipping deities" see: Apte 1965, p. 578,
  2. 2.0 2.1 Bryant, Edwin (2007). The Krishna Sourcebook. Oxford University Press. pp. 529. ISBN 9780195148916. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Sarkar, Benoy Kumar (2004). The Folk Element in Hindu Culture. Kessinger Publishing. pp. 236. ISBN 9780766186576. 
  4. Apte notes that as the first member of a compound, the word पञ्चन् ("five") drops its final न्; nominative form is पञ्च. See: Apte, p. 578.
  5. Apte 1965, p. 138
  6. Karigoudar, Ishwaran. "A populistic community and modernization in India". Retrieved 2009-05-23. 
  7. Nair, K.K.. "Sages Through Ages, Proof of divinity given". Retrieved 2009-05-23. 
  8. Beer, Robert (2004). The Encyclopedia of Tibetan Symbols and Motifs. Second Edition. Shambhala; pp.327-332. Source: [1] (accessed: Wednesday June 24, 2009)


  • Apte, Vaman Shivram (1965), written at Delhi, The Practical Sanskrit Dictionary (Fourth revised and enlarged ed.), Motilal Banarsidass Publishers, ISBN 81-208-0567-4


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