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Panbabylonism is a school of thought within Assyriology and Religious studies that considers the Hebrew Bible and Judaism as directly derived from Babylonian culture and mythology. Appearing in the late 19th century, it gained popularity in the early 20th century, advocated notably by Alfred Jeremias.
The ideas presented within its framework still carry importance in mythological studies. This is mainly because of the obvious similarities between myths in the comparatively young Bible and much older myths from ancient Mesopotamian mythologies.
Some of the ideas of panbabylonism appear in 19th century Protestant polemic against the Roman Catholic Church, notably in The Two Babylons, a pamphlet produced by Scottish theologian Alexander Hislop. Its central theme is its allegation that the Roman Catholic Church is a veiled continuation of the pagan religion of Babylon, the veiled paganism being the product of a millennia old conspiracy.
- Assyro-Babylonian religion
- Mesopotamian mythology
- Gilgamesh flood myth
- Comparative religion
- Comparative mythology
- The Development, Heyday, and Demise of Panbabylonism by Gary D. Thompson
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