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Ottoman Empire

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OttomanCoatOfArms

Coat of arms of the Ottoman Empire, adopted in the 19th century.

The Ottoman Empire or Ottoman State (Ottoman Turkish: دولتْ علیّه عثمانیّه Devlet-i Âliye-yi Osmâniyye, Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti) was a regime that lasted from 1299 to 1923.

At the height of its power (16th–17th century), it spanned three continents, controlling much of Southeastern Europe, Western Asia and North Africa. The Ottoman Empire contained twenty-nine provinces and numerous vassal states, some of which were later absorbed into the empire, while others gained various types of autonomy during the course of centuries. The empire also temporarily gained authority over distant overseas lands through declarations of allegiance to the Ottoman Sultan and Caliph, such as the declaration by the Sultan of Aceh in 1565; or through the temporary acquisitions of islands in the Atlantic Ocean, such as Lanzarote (1585).

The empire was at the centre of interactions between the Eastern and Western worlds for six centuries. With Constantinople as its capital city, and vast control of lands around the eastern Mediterranean during the reign of Suleyman the Magnificent (ruled 1520 to 1566). The Ottoman Empire was, in many respects, an Islamic successor to the Eastern Roman or Byzantine Empire.

The Ottoman Empire came to an end, as a regime under an imperial monarchy on November 1, 1922 and as a de jure state on July 24, 1923 under the Treaty of Lausanne. It was succeded by the Republic of Turkey, which was oficially proclaimed on October 29, 1923.

The empire was also known in English as the Osmanic Empire, the Osmanian Empire or the Ottoman State. Many contemporaries referred to the regime as the Turkish Empire or simply Turkey.

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This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original article was at Ottoman Empire. The list of authors can be seen in the page history.

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