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Ota Benga

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Ota Benga was a pygmy man who was dehumanized by Darwinian racism and was placed on display alongside an orangutan at the Bronx Zoo in 1906. This incident is considered to reveal the racism and the horrors of the theory of evolution propagated by Charles Darwin.[1]

Ota Benga lived in the Kasai region[2] in Congo, but lost his family in a mishap. A businessman named Samuel Phillips Verner, who was influenced by the theories of Charles Darwin,[1] went to Africa in 1904 to bring pygmies for exhibition where he found Ota. In 1904, Ota along with several other pygmies were shipped across the Atlantic and were displayed[3] by evolutionist scientists[4] at a World's Fair in Saint Louis, Missouri.[3] Evolutionist scientists described him as "the closest transitional link to man".[4] The fair was successful for its organizers and the pygmies were shipped back to Africa where Verner collected many artifacts with the help of Ota. He returned to the United States in the summer of 1906 along with Ota Benga. Ota was handed over to the American Museum of Natural History in New York City and was later transported to the Bronx Zoo.[3] The evolutionist[5] director of the zoo Dr William Temple Hornaday[6] displayed Ota in a cage at the Monkey House[7][2] with an orangutan[7] named Dohung under the denomination of "ancient ancestors of man".[5] A sign was placed in the front of the cage which stated Ota's name, height, weight etc. as in the case of animals in a zoo.[6]

Black clergies protested against this display and ultimately the exhibition was closed. On September 27, 1906, Ota was transferred to the Howard Colored Orphan Asylum, a church-sponsored orphanage.[8] Clergyman James H. Gordon condemned this exhibition, which was aimed for promoting Darwinism, and called the dehumanization of Ota Benga hostile to Christianity.[9] On March 20, 1916, Ota committed suicide by shooting himself with a stolen revolver.[8]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Jerry Bergman. "Ota Benga: The Story of the Pygmy on Display in a Zoo" (HTML). Creationresearch.org. http://www.creationresearch.org/crsq/articles/30/otabenga.html. Retrieved 2008-07-07. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 Fatimah Tobing Rony (1996). The Third Eye: Race, Cinema, and Ethnographic Spectacle. Duke University Press. pp. p157. ISBN 0822318407. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Haviland et. al. (2005). Cultural Anthropology: The Human Challenge. Thomson Wadsworth. pp. p81. ISBN 0534624871. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 Harun Yahya. The Evolution Deceit. Global Yayincilik. pp. p87. ISBN 9758718819. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 Harun Yahya. The Evolution Deceit. Global Yayincilik. pp. p88. ISBN 9758718819. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 Bernth Lindfors (1999). Africans on Stage. Indiana University Press. pp. p192. ISBN 0253212456. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 Lee D. Baker (1998). From Savage to Negro. University of California Press. pp. p72. ISBN 0520211685. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 Karl Kroeber, Clifton B. Kroeber (2003). Ishi in Three Centuries. U of Nebraska Press. pp. p44. ISBN 0803227574. 
  9. Mitch Keller (2006-08-06). "The Scandal at the Zoo" (HTML). The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2006/08/06/nyregion/thecity/06zoo.html?_r=1&oref=slogin&pagewanted=all. Retrieved 2008-07-07. 

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