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Orchomenus (mythology)

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In Greek mythology, the name Orchomenus (Ancient Greek: Ὀρχομενός) may refer to:

  • Orchomenus, one of the twenty sons of Lycaon[3][4], founder and eponym of Orchomenus (Arcadia), as well as founder of Methydrium[5]. One account called him father of Arcas[6].
  • Orchomenus, son of Zeus and Isonoe, husband of Hermippe and legal father of Minyas whose biological father was Poseidon[7].
  • Orchomenus, a son of Minyas and Phanosyra, thus grandson of the above[7] (note though that there were multiple versions of Minyas' parentage). He succeeded to Minyas' power and had his domain, the Boeotian Orchomenus, named after himself. He received Hyettus who had fled Argos over the murder of Molurus, and assigned to him a tract of land[8]. According to one source, Orchomenus died without issue, and his kingdom was handed over to Presbon, a son of Phrixus[9]; in an alternate version though, he was father of Aspledon, Amphidocus and Clymenus[10], of whom the latter was his successor. He may be the Orchomenus who is given as father of Chloris, the consort of Ampycus[11].
  • Orchomenus, son of Eteocles and brother of Minyas, in a rare genealogy; essentially the same as the above[12].
  • Orchomenus, a son of Athamas and Themisto and brother of Sphingius according to Hyginus[13].

References

  1. Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca, 1. 4. 1
  2. Scholia on Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica, 1. 761
  3. Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca, 3. 8. 1
  4. Tzetzes on Lycophron, 481
  5. Pausanias, Description of Greece, 8. 3. 3.
  6. Duris in Scholia on Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica, 4. 264
  7. 7.0 7.1 Scholia on Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica, 1. 230
  8. Pausanias, Description of Greece, 9. 36. 6
  9. Pausanias, Description of Greece, 9. 37. 1
  10. Stephanus of Byzantium s. v. Aspledōn
  11. Tzetzes on Lycophron, 980
  12. Scholia on Pindar, Isthmian Ode 1. 79
  13. Hyginus, Fabulae, 1
  14. Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca, Epitome of Book 4, 2. 13
  15. Scholia on Euripides' Orestes, 5 & 812
  16. Tzetzes, Chiliades, 1. 449
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