- Om refers to the Supreme Infinite Spirit or Person. Om represents the Shabda Brahman.
- Tat refers to 'that', or 'all that is'.
- Sat refers to 'the absolute truth', that which is not evanescent or ephemeral, the underlying basis of everything, which is most fundamental and universal. ‘Sat’ is the one and only reality.
These sacred syllables were integral to religious and material goodness and spiritual pursuit in Vedic age.
Variations in Usage
Hari Om Tat Sat (Sanskrit: हरी ओम् तत् सत्, Hari Aum Tat Sat) (Hari, the Lord, is infinite spirit - that is the truth) is also used as a variation, especially amongst the followers of the bhakti paths. Hari is the 650th name of Lord Vishnu in the Vishnu sahasranama.
In combination, Hari Om Tat Sat (Sanskrit: हरी ओम् तत् सत्) means Lord Vishnu is (alone) the truth and the only truth.
As per alternative interpretation, Hari - the name of the Lord Krishna as well as Lord Vishnu means “One who steals or takes away”. Hari takes away the shroud of maya from the devotees and destroys the shackles of samsara. After intervention of Hari with the removal of maya, all that remains is the truth, the absolute truth. Therefore, Hari Om Tat Sat is the sacred chant indicating the path to salvation and the Hari as the ultimate truth.
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