Niccolò Coscia (1681 – February 8, 1755) was an Italian Roman Catholic cardinal.

He was born at Pietradefusi, near Avellino. In 1725 he was appointed as Cardinal of Santa Maria in Domnica by Pope Benedict XIII, whose secretary he had been when the future pope was Archbishop of Benevento.

Coscia held the effective government of the Papal States during Benedict's reign. He took advantage of his position to commit a long series of financial abuses, causing the ruin of the Papal treasury. According to Montesquieu, "All the money of Rome goes to Benevento... as the Beneventani direct [Benedict's] weakness"[1].

When Benedict died, Coscia fled Rome. In 1731 he was tried, excommunicated and condemned to ten years' imprisonment in Castel Sant'Angelo. However, he managed to have his sentence commuted to a fine. Restored, he took part to the conclaves of 1730 and 1740.

He died in Naples in 1755.


  1. Rendina, p. 592


  • Rendina, Claudio (1993). I papi. Storia e segreti. Rome: Newton Compton. 
This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original article was at Niccolò Coscia. The list of authors can be seen in the page history.

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