Nabopolassar (Akkadian:Nabû-apal-usur) (c.658 - 605 BC) was the first king of the Neo-Babylonian Empire.[1] He ruled over Babylon for 20 years (625 - 605 BC).

Rise to Power

He rose in revolt against the Assyrian Empire (which had ruled Babylon for the previous 200 years) in 627 BC, after the last significant Assyrian king, Ashurbanipal(ASH-ur-BA-Nee-paal), died in 626 BC. In 625 BC, the Assyrian Empire's grasp on Babylon was now almost nonexistent, so he became its first king that year.

Destruction of Assyria

The weakened Assyrians could not resist his power and that of the Medes, who combined to sack the Assyrian capital of Nineveh in 612 BC, at the Battle of Nineveh. Nabopolassar was left in control of Nineveh and destroyed the remnants of the Assyrian Empire in 605 BC.

Other Campaigns

Nabopolassar waged war against Egypt from 610 BC until his death.

In 610 BC, Nabopolassar took the Assyrian city of Harran, where Assyrian forces had retreated after the fall of Nineveh. Later that year, his son Nebuchadrezzar succeeded him to the throne of Babylonia and won the Battle of Carchemish, fought against Pharaoh Necho of Egypt, shortly before Nabopolassar died.

Later years

For the last five years of his very productive life, Nebopolassar was leading the Babylonian army in a successful war against Egypt. Once victory was claimed, Nebopolassar, now in his fifties, gave up the throne in favor of his son, Nebuchadnezzer II.


Within months of his abdication in 605 BC, Nebopolassar died of natural causes. He was about 53 years old.


  1. D. Brendan Nagle, The Ancient World: A Social and Cultural History, 6th ed., Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Pearson, 58.

External links

  • ABC 2: Chronicle Concerning the Early Years of Nabopolassar
  • ABC 3: Chronicle Concerning the Fall of Nineveh
  • ABC 4: Chronicle Concerning the Late Years of Nabopolassar
  • Nabopolassar Cylinder
Preceded by
(possibly Ashurbanipal of Assyria, or else a viceroy)
King of Babylon
626–605 BC
Succeeded by
Nebuchadnezzar II

cs:Nabopolasargl:Nabopolasar hak:Ná-pô-pha-lâ-sâ-ngì ko:나보폴라사르 hr:Nabopolasarhu:Nabú-apal-uszurja:ナボポラッサル no:Nabopolassarpt:Nabopolasar ru:Набопаласар sl:Nabopolasar sh:Nabopolasar zh:那波帕拉薩爾

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