The Muslim Brotherhood (officially known as Jamiat al-Ikhwan al-Muslim) is the longest running Islamic group in the Middle East, and has advocated Jihad[1]. The organization which grew to encompass over 70 countries[2] including Syria, Sudan, and other Arab countries, was founded in Egypt by Hasan al-Banna in 1928 and has been joined by many high-profile Islamic terrorist including the founder of modern day jihad; Sayyid Qutb, Al-Qaeda leader; Osama bin Laden, and Egyptian terrorist mastermind and second in command of Al-Qaeda; Ayman Al-Zawahiri[3].

Although the Brotherhood was disbanded in 1954 after a botched attempt to assassinate Egyptian President Abdul Nasser, it remains operating, although less militantly. It has given rise to new more violent militias including Hamas, Gama’a al-Islamiya, and Islamic Jihad[1].

Despite being illegal under Egyptian law, the Muslim Brotherhood has gained success in Egypt’s parliamentary elections, wining 20 percent of the assembly's seats in 2005[1].


The Muslim Brotherhoods’ original goal was to found a total Islamic state which was not influenced by western countries and would fellow strictly the teachings of the Qur'an. The organization has also been a leader indicting terrorism and propaganda against Israel and Jews. The Muslim Brotherhood's theme is:

Allah is our objective. "The messenger is our leader. Qur'an is our law. Jihad is our way. Dying in the way of Allah is our highest hope.[2]"


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2
  2. 2.0 2.1
  3. The Looming Tower, al-Qaeda and the road to 9/11 (book), by Lawrence Wright
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