The Muslim Brotherhood (officially known as Jamiat al-Ikhwan al-Muslim) is the longest running Islamic group in the Middle East, and has advocated Jihad. The organization which grew to encompass over 70 countries including Syria, Sudan, and other Arab countries, was founded in Egypt by Hasan al-Banna in 1928 and has been joined by many high-profile Islamic terrorist including the founder of modern day jihad; Sayyid Qutb, Al-Qaeda leader; Osama bin Laden, and Egyptian terrorist mastermind and second in command of Al-Qaeda; Ayman Al-Zawahiri.
Although the Brotherhood was disbanded in 1954 after a botched attempt to assassinate Egyptian President Abdul Nasser, it remains operating, although less militantly. It has given rise to new more violent militias including Hamas, Gama’a al-Islamiya, and Islamic Jihad.
Despite being illegal under Egyptian law, the Muslim Brotherhood has gained success in Egypt’s parliamentary elections, wining 20 percent of the assembly's seats in 2005.
The Muslim Brotherhoods’ original goal was to found a total Islamic state which was not influenced by western countries and would fellow strictly the teachings of the Qur'an. The organization has also been a leader indicting terrorism and propaganda against Israel and Jews. The Muslim Brotherhood's theme is:
Allah is our objective. "The messenger is our leader. Qur'an is our law. Jihad is our way. Dying in the way of Allah is our highest hope."
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 http://www.boston.com/news/globe/editorial_opinion/oped/articles/2007/03/25/hear_out_muslim_brotherhood/
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 http://www.ummah.net/ikhwan/
- ↑ The Looming Tower, al-Qaeda and the road to 9/11 (book), by Lawrence Wright
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