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Beliefs

Allah · Oneness of God
Muhammad · Prophets of Islam

Practices

Profession of Faith · Prayer
Fasting · Charity · Pilgrimage

History & Leaders

Timeline of Muslim history
Ahl al-Bayt · Sahaba
Rashidun Caliphs · Shi'a Imams

Texts & Laws

Qur'an · Sunnah · Hadith
Fiqh · Sharia
Kalam · Tasawwuf (Sufism)

Major branches

Sunni · Shi'a

Culture & Society

Academics · Animals · Art
Calendar · Children
Demographics · Festivals
Mosques · Philosophy
Politics · Science · Women

Islam and other religions

Christianity · Judaism
Hinduism · Sikhism · Jainism

See also

Criticism of Islam · Islamophobia
Glossary of Islamic terms

Islam Portal

Islam is a monotheistic religion practiced by Muslims.

Main religious text: Qur'an

Main prophet: Muhammad

Denominations: Many denominations where some of the biggest are Sunni, Shi'a, Sufi, etc.

Number of global adherents: 1.3-1.7 billion (estimates vary, 2nd largest religion)


Basic Teachings Edit

Islam is a religion that believes in 124,000 prophets of Allah who have essentially brought the same message of monotheism or Tauheed to mankind in different times in an evolutionary manner. Adam was the first Prophet and Mohammad is the last Prophet. Among other Prophets that are mentioned with great reverence are Abraham, Moses and Jesus.

The Holy text of Islam is the Quran which was revealed to the Prophet Mohammad .

The Successors of the Prophet Edit

The Shia Muslims believe Imam Ali to be the spiritual successor of the Prophet Mohammad. They believe in Imamate instead of Khilafat. They believe in the supremacy of the Ahle bayayat who were the family of Prophet Mohammad. They included The Prophet's dauughter Fatima, her husband Ali and their children Hasan and Husain.Alongwith the Prophet these five personalities constitute the Holy Five or the Panjetan Pak

Imams (12) are:

  1. ‘Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib (600–661), also known as Amīru l-Mu'minīn "Commander of the Faithful" in Arabic and in Persian as Shāh-e Mardan "King of the People"
  2. Ḥasan ibn ‘Alī (625–669), also known as Al-Hasan al-Mujtaba
  3. Ḥusayn ibn ‘Alī (626–680), also known as Al-Husayn ash-Shaheed
  4. ‘Alī ibn Ḥusayn (658–713), also known as Ali Zayn-ul-'Abideen
  5. Muḥammad ibn ‘Alī (676–743), also known as Muhammad al-Bāqir
  6. Ja‘far ibn Muḥammad (703–765), also known as Ja'far aṣ-Ṣādiq
  7. Mūsá ibn Ja‘far (745–799), also known as Mūsá al-Kāżim
  8. ‘Alī ibn Mūsá (765–818), also known as Ali ar-Riża
  9. Muḥammad ibn ‘Alī (810–835), also known as Muḥammad al-Jawad and Muḥammad at-Taqi
  10. ‘Alī ibn Muḥammad (827–868), also known as ‘Alī al-Ḥādī and ‘Alī an-Naqī
  11. Ḥasan ibn ‘Alī (846–874), also known as Hasan al Askari
  12. Muḥammad ibn Ḥasan (868–?), also known as al-Hujjat ibn al-Ḥasan, Mahdī, Imāmu l-Aṣr

The Sunni Muslims believe in a system of Khilafat. The first four caliphs were called the "Khalifa-e-Rashida" or the Rightly guided Caliphs

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