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Mount Putuo (simplified Chinese: 普陀山; ||pinyin]]: Pǔtúo Shān; literally "Potalaka (Potala) Mountain") is an island located to the south-east of Shanghai, in Zhoushan prefecture of Zhejiang province, China. It is famous in Chinese Buddhism, and is considered the bodhimanda of Avalokitesvara (Guan Yin), a revered Bodhisattva in many parts of East Asia. Mount Putuo is one of the four sacred mountains in Chinese Buddhism, the others being Mount Wutai, Mount Jiuhua, and Mount Emei (Bodhimandas for Manjushri, Ksitigarbha, and Samantabhadra, respectively).
The name Putuo derives from "Potalaka" the mountain residence of Guanyin in the Avatamsaka Sutra.
- 33m tall statue of the Guan Yin at Zizhulin (紫竹林)
- Two major beaches - Hundred Step Beach and Thousand Step Beach. Hundred Step Beach charges for entry and has facilities such as deckchairs and parasols, and activities such as a banana boat and quad bikes.
- Puji Temple
- Fayu Temple
- Putuo is covered with many temples and monasteries, both large and small. All are under the directive of the Chinese Buddhist Association. Many monks and nuns from all over the country, and abroad, go to great lengths to live and practice there.
- In addition to these monasteries, there is a large Institute of Buddhism, one of the largest Buddhist academic institutes in China.
- The modern scholar monk Taixu spent several years in solitary retreat at a small hermitage in Putuo.
Putuoshan can be reached by boat from the major cities of Ningbo and Shanghai. It will take approximately an hour by boat to reach the wharf at Ningbo, from where a bus transports passengers to Ningbo city centre. There are two boats linking Putuoshan and Shanghai. One departs in the evening and travels overnight, arriving in the early morning; the other leaves early in the day from a wharf outside of Shanghai city centre but takes less than two hours.
A number of minibuses link the major tourist areas. There are no taxis and traffic is usually limited to buses.
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