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Mount Kōya

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This article is about the mountain in Japan. For the historical Haida chief in the Queen Charlotte Islands of British Columbia, see Koyah. For the language spoken in India, see Koya language.
Danjogaran Koyasan12n3200

Danjogaran, the central point of Mt. Koya.

Mount Kōya (高野山 Kōya-san?) is the name of mountains in Wakayama prefecture to the south of Osaka. Also, Kōya-san is a modifying word for Kongōbuji (金剛峰寺). There is no one mountain officially called Kōya-san (高野山) in Japan.

First settled in 819 by the monk Kūkai, Mt. Koya is primarily known as the headquarters of the Shingon sect of Japanese Buddhism. Located in an 800 m high valley amid the eight peaks of the mountain (which was the reason this location was selected, in that the terrain is supposed to resemble a lotus plant), the original monastery has grown into the town of Koya, featuring a university dedicated to religious studies and 120 temples, many of which offer lodging to pilgrims. The mountain is home to the following famous sites:

  • Okunoin (奥の院), the mausoleum of Kūkai, surrounded by an immense graveyard (the largest in Japan)
  • Danjogaran (壇上伽藍), a heartland of Mt. Koya.
    • Konpon Daitō (根本大塔), a pagoda that according to Shingon doctrine represents the central point of a mandala covering not only Mt. Koya but all of Japan
  • Kongōbu-ji (金剛峰寺), the headquarters of the Shingon sect

In 2004, UNESCO designated Mt. Koya, along with two other locations on the Kii Peninsula, as World Heritage Sites.

Access

The mountain is accessible primarily by the Nankai Electric Railway from Namba Station (in Osaka) to Gokurakubashi Station at the base of the mountain. A cable car from Gokurakubashi then whisks visitors to the top in 5 minutes. The entire trip takes about 1.5 hours on an express train or 2 hours by non-express. Traffic by vehicle can be terrible on weekends until well into the evening. On weekdays, the mountain offers a pleasant drive followed by the excitement upon reaching the monasteries lining the summit. Many Buddhist monasteries on the mountain function as hotels for visitors providing traditional accommodation with an evening meal and breakfast.

Images

See also

External links

Coordinates: 34°12′45″N 135°35′11″E / 34.2125°N 135.58639°E / 34.2125; 135.58639cs:Kója cy:Kōyasanko:고야산lt:Kojos kalnasja:高野山pt:Monte Koya ru:Коя-сан uk:Коя (гори) vi:Núi Koya zh:高野山

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