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Moshe Teitelbaum (Satmar)

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Moshe Teitelbaum
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Born November 1, 1914(1914-11-01)
Sighet, Hungary (now Romania)
Died April 24, 2006 (aged 91)
Williamsburg, Brooklyn, USA
Resting place Kiryas Joel
Nationality American
Occupation Rabbi
Religion Haredi Orthodox Judaism

Rabbi Moshe (Moses) Teitelbaum (November 1, 1914 – April 24, 2006) was a Hasidic rebbe and the world leader of the Satmar Hasidim, which is believed to be one of the largest Hasidic communities in the world, with some 120,000 followers.


Early life

Moshe was the second son of Rabbi Chaim Tzvi Teitelbaum, author of Atzei Chaim, the previous Sigheter Rebbe and brother of Rabbi Joel Teitelbaum. His mother was Bracha Sima Halberstam. Moshe was born in Ratzfert, Hungary. He and his older brother, Yekusiel Yehuda Teitelbaum, were orphaned in 1926, when they were eleven and fourteen, respectively. Moshe was raised by family friends and relatives, including his uncle, Rabbi Joel Teitelbaum, and his grandfather, Rabbi Shulem Eliezer Halberstam of Ratzfert.[1]

In 1936, he married his cousin Leah Meir, daughter of Rabbi Hanoch Heinoch Meir of Karecska, where Moshe held the position of rosh yeshiva (dean). In 1939, he became the rabbi of Zenta, Yugoslavia (now Serbia).

In late spring 1944, the Hungarian government, assisted by Nazi forces led by Adolf Eichmann, began deporting Jews en-masse. Rabbi Moshe and his wife were sent to Auschwitz, where Leah and their three children died. Moshe was then transferred to Traglitz and after that to Theresienstadt, where he was liberated in 1945.

Post-war

After the war, Rabbi Moshe married the daughter of Rabbi Aaron Teitelbaum of Volovo, and moved back to Sighet, and briefly revived Jewish life in his father's home town. Fleeing Communist persecution, the couple eventually immigrated to New York City, where Rabbi Moshe became known as the Sigheter Rebbe. Moshe initially established a beth midrash, Atzei Chaim Siget in his uncle Rabbi Joel Teitelbaum's Satmar enclave in Williamsburg, Brooklyn, and later moved to Boro Park in 1966. He succeeded his uncle as Satmar rebbe, following his death in 1979, though some dissidents in Satmar opposed him, including the Bnei Yoel (or Kagners, opponents), a group of Satmar Hasidim that did not accept Rebbe Moshe as Rebbe and remained loyal to Rebbe Yoel's Wife, the Rebbetzin Alta Fayga Teitelbaum, and her candidate for rebbe, Nachman Brach. [2] [3] [4]

Rabbi Moshe Teitelbaum was the author of a five-volume Hasidic commentary on the Bible entitled Berach Moshe. He was survived by his wife, four sons, two daughters (his eldest daughter from his second marriage died in his lifetime), over eighty-six grandchildren, many great grandchildren, and one great-great granddaughter, born earlier on the day that he died.[5][6]

Ideology

Talmud explains the Jewish people is not allowed to return under application of power into the holy land, may not rebel against the governments of her host countries and not delay the arrival of the Messiah by her sins.

Death and succession

On April 24, 2006, at the age of 91, the Rebbe died. Tens of thousands of members of the Jewish community attended his funeral and burial procession in Williamsburg, Brooklyn and later in Kiryas Joel, New York. Eulogies in the main Satmar synagogue in Williamsburg were said by all the rebbe's children or their husbands in order of their respective ages. The Rebbe was buried near his uncle, the previous Rebbe, in the sect's cemetery in Kiryas Joel.

Following the Rebbe's death, a major split developed among the Satmar Hasidim as to who should become their leader. Two of Rabbi Moshe's sons, Rabbi Aaron and Rabbi Zalman were crowned by their fellow supporters to succeed their father. Rabbi Aaron main residence is in Kiryas Joel, New York and Rabbi Zalman's main residence is in Williamsburg, Brooklyn, though each has supporters and institutions in both locations.

Reactions

  • George Pataki, Governor of New York State: "The Rebbe . . . touched and inspired the countless people who came into contact with him while shepherding his congregation to enormous growth over the past decades of his leadership. May his memory be a blessing for all of us."
  • Michael Bloomberg, Mayor of New York City: "[The] Rebbe . . . was a gentle soul who carried himself with poise and distinction. From the fires of the Holocaust, the grand rebbe and his uncle [Joel Teitelbaum] performed a miracle here in New York by rebuilding their community to match its glory days in Europe. Our hearts and prayers are with the Satmar community in this city and worldwide as they mourn the passing of their beloved spiritual leader." See also, Mayor Bloomberg attending the funeral procession.

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