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The months of the year: The Gurus reminds the Sikhs of the importance of remembering the Lord in each of the 12 months of the year. The Bani called "Baareh Maahaa" (Twelve months) appears on pages 133 to 136 of the Sri Guru Granth Sahib. The Bani starts with an introduction and then Maharaj speaks about the month of Chet which normally coincides with March-April of the Western calendar. The Sikh New year falls in spring time (in the northern hemisphere) and is generally celebrated on March 14 each year.

The Sikh calendar called the Nanakshahi Calendar was developed by a Canadian Sikh, Pal Singh Purewal, a retired computer engineer. He started work on the new calendar in the 1960s and now most Sikhs follow this calendar instead of the Hindu version which was followed before. The calendar contains 5 months of 31 days followed by 7 months of 30 days. In a leap year every 4 years, the last month (Phagun) has an extra day added.

  • The list of the months appears below:


No. Name Punjabi Days Julian Months 2006 New Month Dates
1 Chet ਚੇਤ 31 March - April 14 March
2 Vaisakh ਵੈਸਾਖ 31 April - May 14 April
3 Jeth ਜੇਠ 31 May - June 15 May
4 Harh ਹਾੜ 31 June - July 15 June
5 Sawan ਸਾਵਣ 31 July - August 16 July
6 Bhadon ਭਾਦੋਂ 30 August - September 16 August
7 Assu ਅੱਸੂ 30 September - October 15 September
8 Katak ਕੱਤਕ 30 October - November 15 October
9 Maghar ਮੱਘਰ 30 November - December 14 November
10 Poh ਪੋਹ 30 December - January 14 December
11 Magh ਮਾਘ 30 January - February 13 January
12 Phagun ਫੱਗਣ 30/311 February - March 12 February
  • 1 Days in Phagun: normally 30, but 31 in leap years

See also


These are the Twelve Months of the Nanakshahi Calendar

1 Chet | 2 Vaisakh | 3 Jeth | 4 Harh | 5 Sawan | 6 Bhadon | 7 Assu | 8 Katak | 9 Maghar | 10 Poh | 11 Magh | 12 Phagun


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