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|Part of the series Mirianism|
|‘Idtā d-Madniiḥā d-Miryin|
|1||Foundations of Faith|
|*||Discussion on Mirianism|
As in all Christian denominations, Mirianism acknowledges Jesus Christ as the Messiah and the Son of God, but is Homoian in Christology. The historical context of Jesus' life within the first century Jewish culture of his time is especially important to the Mirian understanding of his messiahship. His life, death, resurrection and spiritual return in judgement of Israel in AD 70 are believed to be fulfillments of most Old Testament prophecies.
According to the Gospel of Luke, Jesus was born during the time when "Caesar Augustus issued a decree that a census should be taken of the entire Roman world. This was the first census that took place "while" Quirinius was governor of Syria" (Luke 2:1), which took place during the years 6 or 7 AD. The Gospel of Matthew places Jesus' birth under the reign of Herod the Great, who died in 4 BC. The author of Matthew also recorded that Herod had all the male children in Bethlehem two years old and younger executed, based on a prophecy relayed to him by the magi that a new King of the Jews had been born in the town. However, some scholars have attempted to reconcile the accounts of Matthew and Luke, ranging from a grammatical approach to the translation of the Greek word prōtē (πρώτη) used in Luke to be read as "registration before Quirinius was governor of Syria", in addition to archeological arguments and references to Tertullian that indicate that a "two step census" was performed, involving an early registration, in which Luke 2:2 may refer to the "first enrolment".
In agreement with most scholars, the Mirian Church traditionally places Jesus's birth in 4 BC, but a birth in late 5 BC is certainly plausible. According to both Matthew and Luke, and also to tradition, Jesus was born in Bethlehem to His mother Mary, a descendant of David. However, Mirian tradition also states that he was conceived in the house of Zechariah (a Levitical priest, descendant of Levi and father of John the Baptist), fathered by Zechariah himself, through the inspiration of the Holy Spirit for providential reasons. This is similar to the theory that the Unification Church espouses for the origins of Jesus.
As known from the New Testament, Mother Mary was a young Jewish woman, and a resident of Nazareth in Galilee, who was betrothed to a devout Jewish man named Joseph, a descendant of King David. However, before the marriage, she was already "found to be with child" through the inspiration of the Holy Spirit placed on Zechariah. An angel of the Lord named Gabriel came to Mary in a vision and said to her:
- "Do not fear, Mary, for you have found favor with God. You shall conceive in your womb and bear a son and you shall call his name Jesus. He shall be great and shall be called the Son of the Highest. There shall be no end of His kingdom." (Luke 1:31-33)
Life and Ministry
See: Gospel of Harmony
Death & Resurrection
Christology (’Owalpan ‘al ṭeb Mšiyaḥ)
Many issues surrounding the questions of Jesus' identity revolve around him being divine or a "mere creature." Such questions include the following:
- Is Jesus almighty, or is he limited in his existence?
- Did Jesus "pre-exist" before his birth, or did he come into existence in his mother's womb?
- Is Jesus "eternally begotten" of God the Father, or did he become the only begotten Son of God a finite time ago (i.e. Within his mother's womb in 4 B.C.)?
That Jesus was almighty, "pre-existed" before his birth, and is "eternally begotten" of God the Father, are beliefs that make up the so-called "high" christology of mainstream Christianity. However, that Jesus is limited in his existence, came into existence in his mother's womb, and became the only begotten Son of God a finite time ago, are beliefs that make up the so-called "low" christology of nontrinitarian, non-modalistic, and non-Arian branches of Christianity. The "low" christological point of view is also known as "Socinianism," after the 16th century Italian theologian Faustus Socinus.
The Mirian church adheres to a form of Socinianism as its christology, but also takes a "homoian" approach on the relationship of Jesus to God the Father. In other words, Jesus was spiritually 'similar' (Greek: ὅμοιος) to that of God the Father, but only in the way that Adam spiritually similar to Him before the fall (Genesis 1:26; 5:1). Untainted by the original sin, Jesus was the only person on earth at his time to possess God's lineage.
Christology of the Twelve Apostles and the Apostolic Fathers
The Mirian Church traces its christology back to the teachings of the twelve Apostles and of the Apostolic Fathers, which includes the author (or authors) of the Didache. A "low" christology is most likely to have been held by the earliest church, and is implicit within the writings of the earliest ante-Nicene Fathers.
- ↑ "Nativity of Jesus." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. 21 Oct 2009, 11:00 UTC. 29 Oct 2009 <http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nativity_of_Jesus&oldid=321171559>.
- ↑ Chronology of Jesus. (2013, July 8). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 06:25, July 8, 2013, from <http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chronology_of_Jesus&oldid=563324955>.
- ↑ Mother See of Holy Etchimadzin