Mirari Vos - On Liberalism and Religious Indifferentism is a Papal Encyclical addressed "To All Patriarchs, Primates, Archbishops, and Bishops of the Catholic World" and is thus general in scope.

The first encyclical issued by Gregory XVI, it is principally a denunciation of the doctrine of religious pluralism as dangerous for the souls of the faithful. It also voiced support for Christian freedom, upheld the ecclesiastical supremacy of the papacy and raised concerns over too close alliances between the clergy and government.


Ecclesiastic supremacy of the papacy

The ecclesiastic supremacy of the papacy remains in force, although it has been somewhat diluted by the advocacy of collegiality during the Second Vatican Council.

Religious pluralism

Mirari Vos's opposition to religious pluralism was considerably softened by the constitutions of the Second Vatican Council. In particular, Gaudium et Spes approves of the pluralistic culture of modernity, while Dignitatis Humanae supports Church-State separation and human rights.

Condemnation of Freemasonry

It has subsequently been quoted in papal denunciations of Freemasonry, which are officially still in force.

See also

External links


  • Broderick, Robert (editor) (1987). The Catholic Encyclopedia. Nashville: Thomas Nelson Publishers. Page 392.
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