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|Maulbronn Monastery Complex*|
|UNESCO World Heritage Site|
|Region**||Europe and North America|
|Inscription||1993 (17th Session)|
|* Name as inscribed on World Heritage List.|
** Region as classified by UNESCO.
Maulbronn Abbey (German: Kloster Maulbronn) is the best preserved medieval Cistercian monastery complex in Europe. It is situated on the outskirts of Maulbronn, Baden-Württemberg, Germany and is separated from the town by fortifications.
The monastery was founded in 1147 under the auspices of the first Cistercian pope, Eugenius III. The main church, built in a style transitional from Romanesque to Gothic, was consecrated in 1178 by Arnold, Bishop of Speyer. A number of other buildings — infirmary, refectory, cellar, auditorium, porch, south cloister, hall, another refectory, forge, inn, cooperage, mill, and chapel — followed in the course of the 13th century. The west, east and north cloisters date back to the 14th century, as do most fortifications and the fountain house.
After the Reformation broke out, the Duke of Württemberg seized the monastery in 1504 and built his hunting lodge and stables there. Half a century later, the former abbey was given over to a Protestant seminary, currently known as the Evangelical Seminaries of Maulbronn and Blaubeuren, which has occupied it ever since. The Protestant clerics adapted the monastic buildings for their own needs, e.g., they rebuilt the refectory.
The monastery, which features prominently in Hermann Hesse's novel Beneath the Wheel, was inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1993. The justification for the inscription was as follows: "The Maulbronn complex is the most complete survival of a Cistercian monastic establishment in Europe, in particular because of the survival of its extensive water-management system of reservoirs and channels".
An image of Maulbronn Abbey is set to appear representing Baden-Württemberg on the reverse of the 2013 €2 commemorative coin for Germany.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Maulbronn Abbey|
Coordinates: ca:Monestir de Maulbronn cs:Klášter Maulbronnhu:Maulbronni kolostoregyüttesja:マウルブロン修道院pt:Mosteiro de Maulbronn ru:Маульбронн (монастырь) fi:Maulbronnin luostari sv:Klostret Maulbronn vi:Tu viện Maulbronn zh:毛尔布龙隐修院