(For the town in Libya see Massah, Libya)

Massah (Hebrew: מסה‎) is one of the locations which the Torah identifies as having been travelled through by the Israelites, during the Exodus,[1] although the list of visited stations in the Book of Numbers doesn't mention it[2]. In the Book of Exodus, Massah is mentioned at the same time as Meribah, in a context which suggests that Massah is the same location as Meribah, but other biblical mentions of Massah and Meribah, such as that in the Blessing of Moses[3][4], seem to imply that they are distinct[5][6].

The Biblical text states that the Israelites argued with Moses about the Lack of water, with Moses rebuking the Israelites for testing Yahweh[7], hence the name Massah[8], which means testing. In an earlier narrative concerning Marah, a similar argument is related, in which Yahweh tested the Israelites[9]; some of textual scholars regard this latter episode, which doesn't mention Massah explicitly, as being the Elohist version of the naming of Massah, while the former account, in which the name Massah refers to the testing of Yahweh by the Israelites, is attributed to the Jahwist[10].

See also

Citations and Notes

  1. Exodus 17:7
  2. Numbers 33
  3. Deuteronomy 33:8
  4. Massah and Meribah are also referenced in Deuteronomy 32, Ezekiel 47, and Psalms 81, 95, and 106
  5. Peake's commentary on the Bible
  6. Cheyne and Black, Encyclopedia Biblica
  7. Exodus 17:2
  8. Exodus 17:7
  9. Exodus 15:25
  10. Peake's commentary on the Bible

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