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Mass No. 2 (Bruckner)

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The Mass No. 2 in E minor WAB 27 by Anton Bruckner is a setting of the mass ordinary for vocal soloists, chorus, wind band and organ. Bruckner wrote it to celebrate the construction of a new church.

The piece is based strongly on old-church music tradition, and particularly old Gregorian style singing. The Kyrie is almost entirely made up of a capella singing for eight voices. The Gloria ends with a fugue, as in Bruckner's other masses.[1] In the Sanctus, Bruckner uses a theme from Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina's Missa Brevis.

  1. "Kyrie" Feierlich, E minor, cut time
  2. "Gloria" Allegro, C major, common time
    —"Qui tollis peccata..." Andante
    —"Quoniam tu solus sanctus..." Tempo Primo
  3. "Credo" Allegro, C major, 3/4
    —"Et incarnatus est..." Adagio, F major, common time
    —"Et resurrexit..." Allegro
    —"Et in Spiritum sanctum..." 3/4
    —"mortuorum, ..." Etwas langsamer
  4. "Sanctus" Alla breve, mehr langsam, E minor, cut time
  5. "Benedictus" Moderato, C major, common time
  6. "Agnus Dei" Andante, E minor, common time
    —"Dona nobis pacem..." Etwas bewegter

Previously Bruckner had been criticized for "simply writing symphonies with liturgical text," and although the Cecilians were not entirely happy with the inclusion of wind instruments, "Franz Xaver Witt loved it, no doubt rationalizing the use of wind instruments as necessary under the circumstances of outdoor performance for which Bruckner wrote the piece."[2]

Bruckner made four successive revisions of the work, in 1866, 1869, 1876, and 1882.

Of the recordings from the LP era, Eugen Jochum's recording with the Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra and Chorus on Deutsche Grammophon[3] has been remastered to CD. Matthew Best's more recent recording with the Corydon Singers has been critically acclaimed.[4]

Notes

  1. p. 50, Hawkshaw (2004)
  2. p. 48 (2008) Strimple
  3. p. 28, Lovallo (1991)
  4. p. 361, Johnson (2008)

References

  • Brown (2002) A. Peter. Indianapolis The second golden age of the Viennese symphony: Brahms, Bruckner, Dvořák, Mahler, and selected contemporaries Indiana University Press
  • Hawkshaw (1997) Paul. "An anatomy of change: Anton Bruckner's Revisions to the Mass in F minor" Cambridge. Bruckner Studies edited by Timothy L. Jackson and Paul Hawkshaw. Cambridge University Press
  • Hawkshaw (2004) Paul. "Bruckner's large sacred compositions" Cambridge. The Cambridge Companion to Bruckner edited by Williamson, John. Cambridge University Press
  • Hawkshaw (2005) Paul. "Foreword" Vienna Anton Bruckner: Sämtliche Werke: Band 18: Messe F-Moll: Studienpartitur Musikwissenschaftlicher Verlag der Internationalen Bruckner-Gesellschaft
  • Kinder (2000) Keith William. Westport, Connecticut. The Wind and Wind-Chorus Music of Anton Bruckner Greenwood Press
  • Jackson (1997) Timothy. August "Bruckner's 'Oktaven'" No. 3 Music & Letters Vol. 78
  • Johnson (2008) Stephen. "Anton Bruckner, Masses no.s 1 - 3" New York. 1001 Classical Recordings You Must Hear Before You Die Rye (editor) Matthew. Universe
  • Lovallo (1991) Lee T. "Mass no. 2 in e minor" New York. Anton Bruckner: a Discography Rowman & Littlefield
  • Redlich (1967) Hans Ferdinand. "Preface" London Mass in F minor (revision of 1881) Ernst Eulenburg, Ltd
  • Schönzeler (1978) Hans-Hubert. London. Bruckner Marion Boyars
  • Simpson (1967) Robert. London. The Essence of Bruckner: An essay towards the understanding of his music Victor Gollancz Ltd
  • Strimple (2008) Nick. New York Choral music in the nineteenth century Hal Leonard
  • Watson (1975) Derek. London. Bruckner J. M. Dent & Sons Ltdja:ミサ曲第2番 (ブルックナー)

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