|Margaret Campbell, Duchess of Argyll|
Margaret, Duchess of Argyll appearing on After Dark in 1988
Ethel Margaret Whigham|
1 December 1912
|Died||6 July 1993 (aged 80)|
Ian Douglas Campbell, 11th Duke of Argyll (1951-1963)
Margaret, Duchess of Argyll (born Ethel Margaret Whigham, 1 December 1912 – 25 July 1993), was a British society figure best remembered for her 1963 divorce case against her second husband, the 11th Duke of Argyll, which featured salacious photographs and scandalous stories; she had been debutante of the year.
Birth and youth
She was the only child of Helen Mann Hannay and George Hay Whigham, a Scottish millionaire who was chairman of the Celanese Corporation of Britain and North America. After being educated privately in New York City, where she moved one week after her birth and lived until the age of 14, and then in London she was presented at Court ans known as deb (debutante) of the year in London in 1930. Her beauty was much spoken of and she soon announced her engagement to Charles Guy Fulke Greville, 7th Earl of Warwick, but the wedding did not take place. Her head had been turned by Charles Sweeny, an American amateur golfer, and she decided that she was not sufficiently in love with Lord Warwick. (She also had youthful romances with playboy Prince Aly Khan, millionaire aviator Glen Kidston, car salesman Baron Martin Stillman von Brabus, and publishing heir Max Aitken.)
On 21 February 1933, she married Charles Sweeny at the Brompton Oratory, London and such was the renown of her publicised Norman Hartnell wedding dress, that the traffic in Knightsbridge was blocked for three hours. For the rest of her life she was associated with glamour and elegance, being a firm client of both Hartnell and Victor Stiebel in London before and after the war. With Charles Sweeny she had three children: a daughter, who was stillborn at eight months in late 1933; another daughter, Frances Helen (born 1937, she married Charles Manners, 10th Duke of Rutland), and a son, Brian Charles (born 1940). The Sweenys divorced in 1947. Before her marriage to Sweeny, she converted to his faith, Roman Catholicism.
In 1943, Margaret Sweeny had a near fatal fall down an elevator shaft while visiting her chiropodist on Bond Street. "I fell forty feet to the bottom of the lift shaft," she later recalled. "The only thing that saved me was the lift cable, which broke my fall. I must have clutched at it, for it was later found that all my finger nails were torn off. I apparently fell on to my knees and cracked the back of my head against the wall."
After her recovery, Sweeny's friends noted that not only had she lost all sense of taste and smell due to nerve damage, she also had become sexually voracious. As she once reportedly said, "Go to bed early and often." (Given her numerous earlier romantic escapades, including an affair with the married George, Duke of Kent in her youth, this may have been a change in degree rather than basic predisposition.)
After the end of her first marriage, Margaret Sweeny briefly was engaged to a Texas-born banker, Joseph Thomas, of Lehman Brothers, but he fell in love with another woman and the engagement was broken. She also had a serious romantic relationship with Theodore Rousseau, a curator of the Metropolitan Museum of Art who was, she recalled "highly intelligent, witty and self-confident to the point of arrogance." That romance also ended without the couple formalising their liaison, since the mother of two "feared that Ted was not 'stepfather material.'" Still, she noted in her memoirs, "[W]e continued to see each other constantly."
She also had an alleged affair with Joseph Slatton, who was married to Jacqueline Kennedy's cousin. This affair occurred during a time when Slatton had access to the White House and led to his resignation from his Washington post in 1962.
On 22 March 1951, she became the third wife of Ian Douglas Campbell, 11th Duke of Argyll. She wrote later in life -
|“||I had wealth, I had good looks. As a young woman I had been constantly photographed, written about, flattered, admired, included in the Ten Best-Dressed Women in the World list, and mentioned by Cole Porter in the words of his hit song You're the Top. The top was what I was supposed to be. I had become a duchess and mistress of an historic castle. My daughter had married a duke. Life was apparently roses all the way.||”|
(She was not mentioned in the original version of the song. P. G. Wodehouse anglicised it for the British version of Anything Goes, changing two lines from "You’re an O’Neill drama / You’re Whistler’s mama!" to "You’re Mussolini / You’re Mrs Sweeny")
Divorce from the Duke of Argyll
Introduced into evidence in the 1963 divorce case in which the Duke of Argyll accused his wife of infidelity was a series of Polaroid photographs of the Duchess nude apart from her signature three-strand pearl necklace. Also included were photographs of the bepearled duchess fellating a naked man, and though the photographs showed his genitalia and torso, they excluded his face. It was speculated that the "headless man" was Duncan Sandys, the Minister of Ddefence, who offered to resign from the cabinet. (Duncan Sandys, later Lord Duncan-Sandys, was a son-in-law of Winston Churchill.) This claim has been repeated since.
Also introduced to the court was a list of eighty-eight men the Duke believed had enjoyed his wife's favours; the list is said to include two government ministers and three royals. The judge commented that the Duchess had indulged in "disgusting sexual activities". Lord Denning was called upon by the government to track down the "headless man". He compared the handwriting of the five leading "suspects" (Duncan-Sandys; Douglas Fairbanks, Jr.; John Cohane, an American businessman; Peter Combe, a former press officer at the Savoy; and Sigismund von Braun, brother of the German scientist, Wernher von Braun) with the captions written on the photographs. It is claimed that this analysis proved that the man in question was Fairbanks, then long married to his second wife, but this was not made public.
Granting the divorce, Lord Wheatley, the presiding magistrate, said the evidence established that the Duchess of Argyll "was a completely promiscuous woman whose sexual appetite could only be satisfied with a number of men". The duchess never revealed the identity of the "headless man," and Fairbanks denied the allegation to his grave.
Long afterward, it was claimed that there were actually two "headless men" in the photographs, Fairbanks and Sandys — the latter identified on the basis of the Duchess's statement that the "only Polaroid camera in the country at that time had been lent to the Ministry of Defence". As for the Duke of Argyll, he remarried in 1963, for the fourth time, to an American, Mathilda Coster Mortimer Heller, and died of a stroke in 1973, aged 69.
Margaret, Duchess of Argyll, wrote a memoir, Forget Not, which was published by W. H. Allen Ltd in 1975 and negatively reviewed for its name dropping and air of entitlement. She also lent her name as author to a guide to entertaining. Her fortune diminished, however, and the free-spending duchess eventually opened her London house—48 Upper Grosvenor Street, which had been decorated for her parents in 1935 by Syrie Maugham—for paid tours, but her extravagant lifestyle and ill-considered investments left her largely penniless by the time she died.
In the duchess's youth, her father told Rosie d'Avigdor-Goldsmid, a close friend of his daughter's, that he feared what his high-living only child would do once she had her entire inheritance. Consequently, Whigham blocked his daughter's access to the principal of her inheritance through various protective legal prohibitions, but after his death, the duchess's lawyers successfully voided most of the safeguards.
In 1978 debts forced the Duchess to move from her house to a hotel suite with her maid. In April 1988, on the evening after the Grand National, she appeared on a Channel 4 After Dark discussion about horseracing "so she said, to put the point of view of the horse", later walking out of the programme "because she was so very sleepy".
Shortly before her death in 1993, which occurred after a bad fall, she found herself unable to pay the hotel bills and her children placed her in a nursing home in Pimlico, London. Here she was photographed by Tatler magazine, for whom she had previously been a columnist, sitting on the edge of her bed in a grim single room.
Resoundingly well-dressed and astonishingly coiffed (a reddish-brown, baroque-swirl bouffant was her trademark), Margaret, Duchess of Argyll, to no one's surprise, was famously self-involved. She once told the New York Times, "I don't think anybody has real style or class any more. Everyone's gotten old and fat." More to the point, she described herself as "always vain." To the end of her life, her superficiality remained superbly intact, as evidenced by one characteristically vapid quote: "Always a poodle, only a poodle! That, and three strands of pearls!" she said. "Together they are absolutely the essential things in life."
Inspiration for modern opera
Powder Her Face, a chamber opera about the Duchess's last days was composed Thomas Adès, with a libretto by Philip Hensher, for the Almeida Opera in 1995. It received its premiere at the Cheltenham Music Festival. The opera has gained some notoriety, as it musically depicts a voracious fellatio scene which is all but graphically portrayed by the actors. Its most arresting scene, however, remains that in which insanity is hinted at during her trial, expressively composed not for musical instruments, but rather the sound of several fishing-reels slowly turning.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Campbell, Margaret (1975). Forget Not: The Autobiography of Margaret, Duchess of Argyll. W. H. Allen. ISBN 0491018258. http://books.google.com/books?id=IZWRAQAACAAJ&dq=argyll+%22forget+not%22.
- ↑ Mayfair, the Duchess of Argyll and the Headless Man polaroids
- ↑ WARREN HOGE London Journal; A Sex Scandal of the 60's, Doubly Scandalous Now New York Times 16 August 2000
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 4.2 Sarah Hall (August 10 2000). "'Headless men' in sex scandal finally named | UK news | The Guardian". The Guardian. http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk_news/story/0,3604,352561,00.html. Retrieved 2008-10-06.
- ↑ Warren Hoge, "London Journal: A Sex Scandal of the 60's, Doubly Scandalous Now," The New York Times, 16 August 2000.
- ↑ Terry Kirby. "For sale: London residence where Duchess scandalised society - This Britain, UK - The Independent". Independent.co.uk. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/this-britain/for-sale-london-residence-where-duchess-scandalised-society-568994.html. Retrieved 2008-10-06.
- ↑ Sebastian Cody. "Tony Wilson - 'Britain's finest live presenter' | Media | MediaGuardian". MediaGuardian. http://www.guardian.co.uk/media/2007/aug/14/television1. Retrieved 2008-10-06.
- ↑ John Dukas, "Dukas' Diary: Advice from the Duchess", HG, October 1988, p. 160
- (Ethel) Margaret Campbell (née Whigham), Duchess of Argyll (1912-1993), 3rd wife of Ian Douglas Campbell, 11th Duke of Argyll Sitter associated with 19 portraits
- Remember Mrs. Sweeny?