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Mar Makkikha II

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Mar Makkikha II, was Patriarch of the Church of the East (sometimes incorrectly referred to as the Nestorian church) from 1257 until his death in 1265, when he was replaced by Mar Denha I. He had succeeded Mar Sabrisho V Bar Almassihi.

Mar Makkikha is well known for his friendly relations with the Mongol Ilkhanate and his involvement in the Siege of Baghdad, where all Christians were spared at the intervention of the Mongol Hulagu's Nestorian Christian wife Dokuz Khatun.[1][2]. The year following the fall of Baghdad, the Mongol ruler Hulagu offered the royal palace to the Nestorian Catholicus Mar Makikha, and ordered a cathedral to be built for him.[3]


  1. Maalouf, p. 243
  2. "A history of the Crusades", Steven Runciman, p.306
  3. Foltz, p.123


  • James A. Montgomery, History of Yaballaha III, (New York: Columbia University Press, 1927).
  • E. A. Wallis Budge, The Monks of Kublai Khan, (London: Religious Tract Society, 1928).
  • Paul Bedjan, Histoire de Mar Jab-Alaha, Patriarche, (1888, 2nd ed 1995; reprint Gorgias, 2007). Syriac text on which the translations of Montgomery and Budge are based.
  • Gregory Barhebraeus, Chronicon Ecclesiasticum, ed. J. B. Abbeloos and T. J. Lamy, (Paris: Maisonneuve, 1877), 3: II, cols.451ff.
  • Foltz, Richard, Religions along the Silk Road
  • Runciman, Steven, A history of the Crusades
  • Maalouf, Amin, The Crusades through Arab eyes

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