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|Saint Maria Magdalena de Pazzi|
|Pietro Novelli, Our Lady of Mount Carmel and Carmelite Saints (Simon Stock (standing), Angelus of Jerusalem (kneeling), Mary Magdalene de Pazzi, Teresa of Avila), 1641 (Museo Diocesano, Palermo.).|
|Born||April 2, 1566Florence, Italy,|
|Died||May 25, 1607 (aged 41), Florence, Italy|
|Venerated in||Roman Catholic Church|
|Beatified||1626, Rome by Pope Urban VIII|
|Canonized||April 28, 1669, Rome by Pope Clement X|
|Feast||May 25; May 29 (on some local calendars and amongTraditional Roman Catholics)|
St. Maria Magdalena de Pazzi was born into one of the wealthiest and most distinguished noble families of Renaissance Florence, Italy known as the "de Pazzi" and she was baptized with the name of "Catherine" (known affectionately as "Atrina" or "Rina"). She experienced her first ecstasy when she was only nine, in her mother's presence. From then on, she continued to witness many varied mystical experiences. She was sent to a convent at age 14, but was returned home by her family, who opposed her religious vocation and wanted her to marry a distinguished man. However, they eventually conceded, and Catherine became a Carmelite of the Ancient Observance at 16, taking the name of Sister Maria Magdalena, at a convent that is now the site of San Frediano in Cestello. Her life took a course similar to that of other women who have become great mystics, characterized by an early love of prayer and penance, charity for the poor, and an evangelical spirit.
St. Maria Magdalena was a descendant of the "de Pazzi" family who were the first to scale the walls of Jerusalem during the First Crusade. She was also related to the famed Pazzi of the "Pazzi conspiracy" who was supported by Pope Sixtus IV against members of the Medici family.
Beatification and Canonization
Countless miracles followed St Maria Magdalena's death, and the process for her beatification was begun in the year 1610 under Pope Paul V, and completed under Pope Urban VIII in the year 1626. She was not, however, canonized until sixty-two years after her death, when Pope Clement X raised her to the altars on April 28, 1669. Church of the Monastery of Pažaislis, commissioned in 1662, was one of the first to be consecrated in her honor.
In 1670, the year after her canonization, the feast day of the saint was inserted in the General Roman Calendar for celebration on 25 May, the day of her death (as today). In 1728, the date of 25 May was assigned instead to Pope Gregory VII, and the feast day of Saint Magdalena de Pazzi was moved to 29 May, where it remained until 1969, when it was restored to its traditional place in the calendar.
- Mary Magdalen de' Pazzi, The Complete Works of Saint Mary Magdalen de' Pazzi Carmelite and Mystic (1566-1607), 5 vols, translated by Gabriel Pausback, O.Carm., Fatima 1969-1973.
- Life of St. Mary Magdalene de Pazzi (book)
- Index of Carmelite Websites
- Index of Websites on Mary Magdalene de' Pazzi
- St Mary Magdalene de’Pazzi, May 25 - Memorial
- Discalced Carmelite Calendar and Saints
- Catholic Encyclopedia: St. Mary Magdalen de' Pazzi
- "St. Mary Magdalen dei Pazzi". http://www.stthomasirondequoit.com/SaintsAlive/id321.htm. Retrieved 2007-05-24.
- "MARY MAGDALEN of Pazzi". http://www.catholic-forum.com/saints/saintm12.htm. Retrieved 2007-05-24. pt:Maria Madalena de Pazzi