Lusitanian mythology is the mythology of the Lusitanians, the Indo-European people of western Iberia, in the territory comprising most of modern Portugal, Extremadura and a small part of Salamanca in modern Spain..
Of particular importance and popularity, especially following the Roman conquest, were a number of deities among whom were Endovelicus, Ataegina, Nabia and Trebaruna. Endovelicus was a god of healing and also had oracular functions. With ninety-four separate dedications, he appears to have been the most important of all. Ataegina is less well defined; her name has been derived from Celtic *atte-gena perhaps meaning "reborn". Nabia may have been two separate deities, the consort of the Lusitanian equivalent of the Roman Jupiter and another associated with earth and sacred springs while Trebaruna's name appears in inscriptions in the Lusitanian language associated with another, presumably male deity named Reve, whom Witczak suggests may be the equivalent of the Roman Iovis or Jupiter, both names ultimately deriving from Proto-Indo-European *diewo-.
Bandua or Bandi is another with numerous dedications: the name is male in most inscriptions and yet the only depiction being female, it seems the name referred to numerous deities, especially since Bandi/Bandue often carries an epithet associating the name with that of a town or other location such as Bandua Roudaeco, Etobrico or Brealiacui. The god or goddess was probably the protector of the local community, often associated with the Roman Mars and in one dedication is considered a god or goddess of the Vexillum or standard.
- Celtic mythology
- Etruscan mythology
- Germanic mythology
- Greek mythology
- List of deities
- Proto-Indo-European mythology
- Roman mythology
- Bessa, Katia Maia; Martin, Jean-Pierre (20 November 1999) (in French). Recherches sur les Differents Aspects du Syncretisme Religieux dans la Lusitanie Romaine [Research in Different Aspects of Religious Syncretisme in Roman Lusitania]. Albuquerque, New Mexico: Biblioteca Digital de Teses e Dissertações do IBICT. http://tede.ibict.br/tde_busca/arquivo.php?codArquivo=180.
- Coutinhas, José Manuel (2006) (in Portuguese). Aproximação à identidade etno-cultural dos Callaici Bracari [Approximating the Ethno-Cultural Identity of Callaici Bracari]. Oporto, Portugal.
- García Fernández-Albalat, Blanca (1990) (in Spanish). Guerra y Religión en la Gallaecia y la Lusitania Antiguas [War and Religion in Galicia and Ancient Lusitania]. A Coruña.
- McKenna, Stephen. "Paganism and Pagan Survivals in Spain up to the Fall of the Visigothic Kingdom". http://libro.uca.edu/mckenna/pagan1.htm.
- Martínez, Sonia María García (1995). "La epigrafía romana del concelho de Guimarães. Un estado de la cuestión" (in Portuguese). Revista de Guimarães. Guimarães, Portugal. pp. 139–171. http://www.csarmento.uminho.pt/docs/ndat/rg/RG105_09.pdf.
- Pedreño, Juan Carlos Olivares (1999) (in Portuguese). Teonimos indigenas masculinos del ambito Lusitano-Galaico: un intento de síntesis. Special I. Guimarães, Portugal: Revista de Guimarães. pp. 277–296. http://www.csarmento.uminho.pt/docs/ndat/rg/RGVE1999_016.pdf.
- Pedreño, Juan Carlos Olivares (2002) (in Spanish). Los Dioses de la Hispania Céltica [The Gods of Hispanic Celts]. Madrid, Spain.
- Robalo, Mário. "Deuses de pedra [Gods of Stone]" (in Portuguese). http://museudeodrinhas.no.sapo.pt/Artigos/Expresso630.htm.
- Le Roux, P.; Tranoy, A.. "Contribution a l'etude des regions rurales del Nor-ouest hispanique au Haut-Empire: deux inscriptions de Penafiel" (in French). III Congresso Nacional de Arqueología I. Oporto, Portugal: A Junta. pp. 249–257.
- Lódz, Krzysztof Tomasz Witczak (1999). On the Indo-European Origin of Two Lusitanian Theonyms (Laebo and Reve). Emerita. pp. 65–73. http://emerita.revistas.csic.es/index.php/emerita/article/download/185/186.
- Pedreño, Juan Carlos Olivares (11 November 2005). Celtic Gods of the Iberian Peninsula. 6. Guimarães, Portugal: E-Keltoi: Journal of Interdisciplinary Celtic Studies. pp. 607–649. http://www4.uwm.edu/celtic/ekeltoi/volumes/vol6/6_12/olivares_6_12.pdf.
- Masdeu, Juan Francisco (1688) (in Portuguese). Historia critica de España, y de la Cultura Española: España romana. 1787-1807 [A Historic Critique of Spain, and the Spanish Culutre: Roman Spain]. http://books.google.com/books?id=LxBXAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA44&dq=Bandua&as_brr=3#v=onepage&q=Bandua&f=false.
- Religiões da Lusitânia (in Portuguese)
- Detailed map of the Pre-Roman Peoples of Iberia (around 200 BC)
|This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original article was at Lusitanian mythology. The list of authors can be seen in the page history.|