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A file is a military term for a number of troops drawn up in line ahead, i.e. one behind the other in a column. A file of men in the Greek phalanx was called a lochos (Greek: λόχος) (cf. Hebrew הָלַךְ) and usually ranged from eight to sixteen men.[1][2][3][4] Asclepiodotus offers three alternative names, namely stichos (στίχος), synomotia (συνωμοτία) and dekania (δεκανία).

The file leader was called a lochagos and the file closer an ouragos. The men in the uneven rows were called protostates, among which the lochagos, and the men in the even rows epistates. Should the line perform a pyknosis (that is, close its ranks by placement of half the lochos in the interval between the original lochoi), then the epistates of the lochagos would become the promachos protostates of the newly employed file.

A half-file was called hemilochion (ἡμιλόχιον) or dimoiria (διμοιρία) and a quarter-file enomotia (ἐνωμοτία).[5]

See also


  1. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named S9
  2. Duparcq, p. 16.
  3. Royal military panorama, p. 149.
  4. Asclepiodotus, Tactica 2.1
  5. Asclepiodotus, Tactica 2.2

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