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Liturgical Calendar of the Syro-Malabar Catholic Church

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Syro Malabar Church has its own seasons around the year[1]. They are fixed according to the flow of salvation history. Concentrating themselves on Jesus of Nazareth, i.e., on the historical life of Jesus, the believers are led to the eschatological fulfilment, viz., the heavenly bliss, in this special arrangement of liturgical seasons.[2]

Mar Thomma Nazranees (St. Thomas Christians) begin their liturgical year on the Sunday that comes between November 27 and December 3.

=

Seasons and Salvation History

The arrangement of the Seasons in the Liturgical Year is based on Six Central Events on Celebrations of the Salvation History. They are:

  1. Nativity of Iso
  2. Resurrection of Iso
  3. Pentecost
  4. Transfiguration
  5. Glorious Cross
  6. Parousia

Fixing of Seasons

All seasons begin on Sundays. 52 weeks are divided into Nine Seasons. Usually, there are seven weeks each for every Season; the first and last are permanent exceptions; five or six for Subara and four for Qudas-Edta. Resurrection of Iso-M'siha and Finding of the Glorious Cross are the two deciding Celebrations in the Liturgical Year. Resurrection is celebrated on the Sunday that follows the full moon day after March twenty first, the Spring Equinox. Finding of the Glorious Cross is celebrated always on September fourteenth.[3]

Liturgical Year and Gregorian Calendar 2009-2010

2010th Year after the birth of M'siha
Seasons Beginning End
1 Annunciation (Subara) November 29, 2009 January 2, 2010
2 Epiphany (Denha) January 3, 2010 February 13, 2010
3 Great Fast (Sawma Rabba) February 14, 2010 April 3, 2010
4 Resurrection (Qyamta) April 4, 2010 May 22, 2010
5 Apostles (Slihe) May 23, 2010 July 10, 2010
6 Summer (Qaita) July 11, 2010 August 28, 2010
7 Eliyah-Cross (Eliyah-Sliba) August 29, 2010 October 16, 2010
8 Weeks of Moses (Muse) October 17, 2010 October 30, 2010
9 Dedication of the Church (Qudas-Edta) October 31, 2010 November 27, 2010
LS2010

The Seasons

Weeks of Annunciation (Subara)

It is a season of Good News, viz., the Season of the Annunciation of Salvation.

November 29, 2009 First Sunday
November 30, 2009 Shliha Mar Andreos
December 1, 2009 25-day Fast begins
December 6, 2009 Second Sunday
December 8, 2009 Immaculate Conception of Blessed Virgin Mary
December 13, 2009 Third Sunday
December 18, 2009 Miracle of St. Thomas Cross of Mylapore
December 20, 2009 Fourth Sunday
December 25, 2009 Nativity of Iso
December 26, 2009 Mar Yohannan Sliha (John the Apostle)
December 27, 2009 Fifth Sunday
December 28, 2009 Holy Infants
January 1, 2010 Name Iso
January 2, 2010 Mary, Mother of Jesus

Weeks of Epiphany (Denha)

The public life of Iso-Msiha is celebrated during the Weeks of Epiphany.

January 3, 2010 First Sunday
January 4, 2010 Blessed Kuriakose Elias Chavara
January 6, 2010 Epiphany of Iso-Msiha
January 8, 2010 First Friday of Epiphany - Mar Yohannan Mamdana (St.John the Baptist)
January 10, 2010 Second Sunday
January 15, 2010 Second Friday of Epiphany - Apostles Peter and Paul
January 17, 2010 Third Sunday
January 22, 2010 Third Friday of Epiphany - Holy Evangelists
January 24, 2010 Fourth Sunday
January 25, 2010 3-day fast begins (Rogation of Ninivites)
January 27, 2010 3-day fast ends
January 28, 2010 Thursday after Rogation
January 29, 2010 Fourth Friday of Epiphany - Fathers of the Church
January 31, 2010 Fifth Sunday of Epiphany
February 5, 2010 Fifth Friday of Epiphany - Patron of the Church
February 7, 2010 Sixth Sunday
February 12, 2010 Sixth Friday of Epiphany - Departed Faithful (All Souls' Day)

Weeks of Great Fast (Sawma Rabba)

During the Weeks of Great Fast, Mar Thomma Nazranees celebrate the Passion and Death of 'Iso-Msiha'

February 14, 2010 First Sunday, Petratha
February 15, 2010 50-day Fast begins.
February 21, 2010 Second Sunday
February 28, 2010 Third Sunday
March 7, 2010 Fourth Sunday
March 14, 2010 Fifth Sunday
March 19, 2010 Saint Joseph
March 21, 2010 Sixth Sunday
March 25, 2010 Annunciation to Mary
March 28, 2010 Seventh Sunday, Osana(Palm) Sunday
April 1, 2010 Thursday of Pesha
April 2, 2010 Friday of Passion
April 3, 2010 Great Saturday

Weeks of Resurrection (Qyamta)

April 4, 2010 First Sunday, Great Sunday of Resurrection
April 5, 2010 Week of Weeks
April 6, 2010 Week of Weeks
April 7, 2010 Week of Weeks
April 8, 2010 Week of Weeks
April 9, 2010 First Friday of Resurrection - All Confessors'(Saints') Day
April 11, 2010 Second Sunday
April 18, 2010 Third Sunday
April 24, 2010 Martyr Mar Giwargis
April 25, 2010 Fourth Sunday
April 26, 2010 Evangelist Mar Markose
May 1, 2010 Mar Yawsep, the Worker
May 2, 2010 Fifth Sunday
May 3, 2010 Slihe Mar Philippose and Yakob
May 9, 2010 Sixth Sunday
May 13, 2010 Ascension of 'Iso-Msiha'
May 14, 2010 Sliha Mar Mathias
May 15, 2010 Marth Mariam, Protectress of New Growth
May 16, 2010 Seventh Sunday

Weeks of Apostles (Slihe)

May 23, 2010 First Sunday, Pentecost
May 28, 2010 Friday of Gold
May 30, 2010 Second Sunday
May 31, 2010 Visitation to Elizabeth
June 3, 2010 Precious Body and Blood of Jesus
June 6, 2010 Third Sunday
June 8, 2010 Blessed Mariam Thressia
June 9, 2010 Mar Aprem, Father of the Church
June 11, 2010 Sacred Heart of Jesus
June 13, 2010 Fourth Sunday
June 20, 2010 Fifth Sunday
June 26, 2010 Preparing for Dukrana of Mar Thomma Sliha
June 27, 2010 Sixth Sunday
June 28, 2010 Preparing for Dukrana of Mar Thomma Sliha
June 29, 2010 Preparing for Dukrana of Mar Thomma Sliha
June 30, 2010 Preparing for Dukrana of Mar Thomma Sliha
July 1, 2010 Preparing for Dukrana of Mar Thomma Sliha
July 2, 2010 Preparing for Dukrana of Mar Thomma Sliha
July 3, 2010 Dukrana of Mar Thomma Sliha
July 4, 2010 Seventh Sunday
July 9, 2010 70 Disciples of Iso
July 10, 2010 Saint Benedict

Weeks of Summer (Qaita)

July 11, 2010 First Sunday
July 15, 2010 Mar Quriaqos and mother Yolethe
July 16, 2010 Mother of Mount Carmel
July 16, 2010 Mar Yakob of Nisibis
July 18, 2010 Second Sunday
July 23, 2010 Mar Addai and Mar Mari, Teachers of the East
July 24, 2010 Shliha Mar Yakob
July 25, 2010 Third Sunday
July 26, 2010 Saints Joachim and Anna
July 28, 2010 Marth Alphonsa
August 1, 2010 Fourth Sunday, 15-day fast begins
August 6, 2010 Transfiguration of 'Iso-Msiha'
August 8, 2010 Fifth Sunday
August 13, 2010 Saint Simoni and her 7 sons
August 15, 2010 Sixth Sunday,Assumption of Mary
August 20, 2010 Mar Simon Bar Sabbai and Companions
August 22, 2010 Seventh Sunday
August 24, 2010 Shliha Mar Bartholomeo
August 27, 2010 Martyr Mar Qardag

Weeks of Eliyah-Cross (Eliyah-Sliba)

August 29, 2010 First Sunday
August 30, 2010 Blessed Euphrasia
September 1, 2010 8-day fast begins
September 5, 2010 Second Sunday
September 8, 2010 Nativity of Mary
September 12, 2010 Third Sunday
September 14, 2010 Finding of Mar Sliha
September 19, 2010 Fourth Sunday
September 21, 2010 Shliha Mar Mathai
September 26, 2010 Fifth Sunday
October 1, 2010 Saint Theresa of Lisieux
October 3, 2010 Sixth Sunday
October 10, 2010 Seventh Sunday
October 15, 2010 Saint Theresa of Avila, Doctor of the Church
October 16, 2010 Blessed Augustine Thevarparampil (Kunjachan)

Weeks of Moses (Muse)

October 17, 2010 First Sunday
October 18, 2010 Mar Luka, Evangelist
October 24, 2010 Second Sunday
October 28, 2010 Slihe Mar Simon and Yuda Thadeus

Weeks of Dedication of the Church (Qudas-Edta)

October 31, 2010 First Sunday
November 5, 2010 Saints Zachariah and Elizabeth
November 7, 2010 Second Sunday
November 14, 2010 Third Sunday
November 21, 2010 Fourth Sunday
November 27, 2010 Last day of the Liturgical Year

Days of the Commencement of the Seasons 2010-2020

  Seasons 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
1 Subara 29-Nov 28-Nov 27-Nov 2-Dec 1-Dec 30-Nov 29-Nov 27-Nov 3-Dec 2-Dec 1-Dec
2 Denha 3-Jan 9-Jan 8-Jan 6-Jan 5-Jan 4-Jan 3-Jan 8-Jan 7-Jan 6-Jan 5-Jan
3 Sawma Rabba 14-Feb 6-Mar 19-Feb 10-Feb 2-Mar 15-Feb 7-Feb 26-Feb 11-Feb 3-Mar 23-Feb
       4</td>
       Qyamta</td>
       4-Apr</td>
       24-Apr</td>
       8-Apr</td>
       31-Mar</td>
       20-Apr</td>
       5-Apr</td>
       27-Mar</td>
       16-Apr</td>
       1-Apr</td>
       21-Apr</td>
       12-Apr</td>
   </tr>
       5</td>
       Slihe</td>
       23-May</td>
       12-Jun</td>
       27-May</td>
       19-May</td>
       8-Jun</td>
       24-May</td>
       15-May</td>
       4-Jun</td>
       20-May</td>
       9-Jun</td>
       31-May</td>
   </tr>
       6</td>
       Qaita</td>
       11-Jul</td>
       31-Jul</td>
       15-Jul</td>
       7-Jul</td>
       27-Jul</td>
       12-Jul</td>
       3-Jul</td>
       23-Jul</td>
       8-Jul</td>
       28-Jul</td>
       19-Jul</td>
   </tr>
       7</td>
       Elijah-Sliba</td>
       29-Aug</td>
       11-Sep</td>
       2-Sep</td>
       25-Aug</td>
       7-Sep</td>
       30-Aug</td>
       21-Aug</td>
       3-Sep</td>
       26-Aug</td>
       8-Sep</td>
       6-Sep</td>
   </tr>
       8</td>
       Muse</td>
       17-Oct</td>
       16-Oct</td>
       14-Oct</td>
       13-Oct</td>
       12-Oct</td>
       18-Oct</td>
       16-Oct</td>
       15-Oct</td>
       14-Oct</td>
       13-Oct</td>
       18-Oct</td>
   </tr>
       9</td>
       Qudas-Edta</td>
       31-Oct</td>
       30-Oct</td>
       4-Nov</td>
       3-Nov</td>
       2-Nov</td>
       1-Nov</td>
       30-Oct</td>
       5-Nov</td>
       4-Nov</td>
       3-Nov</td>
       1-Nov</td>
   </tr>

</table>

Great Sunday of Resurrection (2000-2099)[4]

In the Syro-Malabar Church, Great Sunday of Resurrection is always celebrated on a Sunday between March 22 (M22) and April 25 (A25) as per the calculations based on the Catholic Tradition. It is the first Sunday after the Paschal Full Moon, which is the first moon whose 14th day is on or after the "vernal equinox". Here are the dates of the Great Sunday of Resurrection from 2000 to 2099. Years are arranged row-wise in an ascending manner. For better alignment, March and April are bifurcated. Identify the year and look at the column header to find the exact date.

March

M22M23M24M25M26M27M28M29M30M31
 2008   2005   2002
     2016   2013
      2027  2024
   2035  20322043  
   2046   2054  
        2059 
    2062  20652070 
    2073     
    2084   20812086
        20922097
          

April

A1A2A3A4A5A6A7A8A9A10A11A12A13A14A15A16A17A18A19A20A21A22A23A24A25
   2010   2007  20042009  20012006   2003  20002011 
2018  20212015  20122023  2020   20172022  20142019    
2029   2026       2031  2028   20252030    
2040   20372042  20342039  2036   2033   2041   2038
 2051  20482053  20452050   2047  20442049  2052    
 2056           2058   2055   2057   
  2067  2064   20612066  20692063  20602071  2068   
  2078   2075  20722077   2074   2076   2079  
  20892083  20802091  2088   20852090  20822087     
   2094       2093  2096    2098   2095 
           2099             

See also

References

  1. http://pathikulangara.in/Calendar.htm
  2. Pathikulangara, Varghese. Mar Thomma Margam, (A New Catechism for the St. Thomas Christians of India), Kottayam: Denha Services, 2004
  3. http://www.pathikulangara.in/Archive.htm
  4. http://users.sa.chariot.net.au/~gmarts/eastcalc.htm

External links

Websites Websites
Syro-Malabar Church Official website Archdiocese of Tellicherry
The website for Synod of Diamper Archdiocese of Changanacherry
Archdiocese of Trichur Archdiocese of Ernakulam-Angamaly
Archdiocese of Kottayam St. Thomas Syro Malabar Catholic Church of San Francisco
Diocese of Palai St. Raphael Syro Malabar Catholic Mission of Cleveland
St. Thomas Syro-Malabar Church of Philadelphia Syro-Malabar Mission of Los Angeles
Syro-Malabar Mission of New Jersey Welcome to Indian Christianity
Congregation of Saint Thérèse of Lisieux: CST Brothers Carmelites of Mary Immaculate Homepage
Syro-Malabar / Discalced Carmelite Nuns
frp:Égllése catolica siro-malabarahu:Szír-Malabár Katolikus Egyház

ml:സീറോ മലബാര്‍ കത്തോലിക്കാ സഭru:Сиро-малабарская католическая церковь simple:Syro-Malabar Catholic Church sv:Malabariska kyrkan

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