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List of the twenty-eight Buddhas

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In countries where Theravada Buddhism is practiced by the majority of people (Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Laos, Burma, Thailand), it is customary for Buddhists to hold elaborate festivals, especially during the fair weather season, to pay homage to 29 Buddhas.

These revered Buddhas include the 28 Buddhas described in Chapter 27 of the Buddhavamsa, plus Maitreya Bodhisattva, the future (and 29th) Buddha. The Buddhavamsa is a text which describes the life of Gautama Buddha and the twenty-seven Buddhas who preceded him. The Buddhavamsa is part of the Khuddaka Nikaya, which in turn is part of the Sutta Pitaka. The Sutta Pitaka is one of three main sections of the Pali Canon of Theravada Buddhism.

The 28 Buddhas are said to have attained enlightenment from the time Gautama Buddha received his first Niyatha Vivarana (permission to be the next enlightened one) from Dīpankara Buddha.

The 28 Buddhas are not the only Buddhas believed to have existed. Indeed, Gautama Buddha preached that innumerable Buddhas have lived in past kalpas.

Buddha recliningwsuthat

The reclining Buddha image at Wat Suthat in Thailand depicts Gautama Buddha on the verge of death.

Buddha in Sarnath Museum (Dhammajak Mutra)

A statue of Gautama Buddha from Sarnath, 4th century CE.

KushanMaitreya

Maitreya Buddha from the 2nd century Gandharan Art Period

The 29 named BuddhasEdit

The names of 29 Buddhas
Pāli name
1 Taṇhaṅkara[1]
2 Medhaṅkara[2]
3 Saraṇaṅkara[3]
4 Dīpankara[4]
5 Koṇḍañña[5]
6 Maṅgala[6]
7 Sumana[7]
8 Revata[8]
9 Sobhita[9]
10 Anomadassi[10]
11 Paduma[11]
12 Nārada[12]
13 Padumuttara[13]
14 Sumedha[14]
15 Sujāta[15]
16 Piyadassi[16]
17 Atthadassi[17]
18 Dhammadassī[18]
19 Siddharttha[19]
20 Tissa[20]
21 Phussa[21]
22 Vipassī[22]
23 Sikhī[23]
24 Vessabhū[24]
25 Kakusandha[25]
26 Koṇāgamana[26]
27 Kassapa[27]
28 Gautama[28]
29 Maitreya[29]

See alsoEdit

References Edit

  1. Vipassana.info, Pali Proper Names Dictionary: Taṇhaṅkara
  2. Vipassana.info, Pali Proper Names Dictionary: Medhaṅkara
  3. Vipassana.info, Pali Proper Names Dictionary: Saraṇaṅkara
  4. Vipassana.info, Pali Proper Names Dictionary: Dīpankara
  5. Vipassana.info, Pali Proper Names Dictionary: Koṇḍañña
  6. Vipassana.info, Pali Proper Names Dictionary: Maṅgala
  7. Vipassana.info, Pali Proper Names Dictionary: Sumana
  8. Vipassana.info, Pali Proper Names Dictionary: Revata
  9. Vipassana.info, Pali Proper Names Dictionary: Sobhita
  10. Vipassana.info, Pali Proper Names Dictionary: Anomadassi
  11. Vipassana.info, Pali Proper Names Dictionary: Paduma
  12. Vipassana.info, Pali Proper Names Dictionary: Nārada
  13. Vipassana.info, Pali Proper Names Dictionary: Padumuttara
  14. Vipassana.info, Pali Proper Names Dictionary: Sumedha
  15. Vipassana.info, Pali Proper Names Dictionary: Sujāta
  16. Vipassana.info, Pali Proper Names Dictionary: Piyadassi
  17. Vipassana.info, Pali Proper Names Dictionary: Atthadassi
  18. Vipassana.info, Pali Proper Names Dictionary: Dhammadassī
  19. Vipassana.info, Pali Proper Names Dictionary: Siddhattha
  20. Vipassana.info, Pali Proper Names Dictionary: Tissa
  21. Vipassana.info, Pali Proper Names Dictionary: Phussa
  22. Vipassana.info, Pali Proper Names Dictionary: Vipassī
  23. Vipassana.info, Pali Proper Names Dictionary: Sikhī
  24. Vipassana.info, Pali Proper Names Dictionary: Vessabhū
  25. Vipassana.info, Pali Proper Names Dictionary: Kakusandha
  26. Vipassana.info, Pali Proper Names Dictionary: Koṇāgamana
  27. Vipassana.info, Pali Proper Names Dictionary: Kassapa
  28. Vipassana.info, Pali Proper Names Dictionary: Gotama
  29. Vipassana.info, Pali Proper Names Dictionary: Metteyya

External links Edit

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