Solar Apollo with the radiant halo of Helios in a Roman floor mosaic, El Djem, Tunisia, late 2nd century

A solar deity is a god or goddess in mythology who represents the sun, or an aspect of it, usually by its perceived power and strength. Solar deities and sun worship can be found throughout most of recorded history in various forms. The following is a list of solar deities:

  • Celtic mythology
    • Áine, Irish goddess of love, summer, wealth and sovereignty, associated with the sun and midsummer
    • Alaunus, Gaulish god of the sun, healing and prophecy
    • Étaín, Irish sun goddess
    • Grannus, god associated with spas, healing thermal and mineral springs, and the sun
    • Lugh, Irish deity sometimes regarded as a sun god
    • Mug Ruith, Irish deity sometimes regarded as a sun or storm god
  • Egyptian mythology
    • Bast, cat goddess associated with the sun
    • Horus, god of the sky whose right eye was considered to be the sun and his left the moon
    • Amun, creator deity sometimes identified as a sun god
    • Atum, the "finisher of the world" who represents the sun as it sets
    • Aten, god of the sun
    • Khepri, god of rebirth and the sunrise
    • Nefertem, god of healing and beauty, who represents the first sunlight
    • Ra, god of the sun
    • Sekhmet, goddess of war and of the sun, and sometimes plagues and creator of the desert
    • Sopdu, god of war and the scorching heat of the summer sun
    • Ptah, god creation, the arts and fertility, sometimes said to represent the sun at night
  • Greek mythology
    • Alectrona, goddess of the sun, morning and waking up
    • Apollo, Olympian god of light, the sun, prophecy, healing, plague, archery, music and poetry
    • Eos, Titan goddess of the dawn
    • Helios, Titan god of the sun
    • Hyperion, Titan god of light
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    • Agni, god of fire, associated with the sun
    • Aryaman, god of the sun
    • Mitra, god of honesty, friendship, contracts, meetings and the morning sun
    • Ravi, god of the sun
    • Saranyu, goddess of the dawn and clouds
    • Savitr, god of the sun at sunrise and sunset
    • Surya, god of the sun
  • Maya mythology
    • Ah Kin, god of the sun, bringer of doubt and protector against the evils associated with darkness
    • Kinich Ahau, god of the sun
    • Hunahpu, one of the Maya Hero Twins; he transformed into the sun while his brother transformed into the moon
    • Tohil, god associated with thunder, lightning and sunrise
  • Norse mythology
    • Baldr, god associated with light, beauty, love and happiness
    • Dagr, personification of the daytime
    • Freyr, god of fertility, sexuality, peace and sunlight
    • Sól, goddess of the sun
  • Slavic mythology
    • Belobog, reconstructed deity of light and the sun who may or may not have been worshipped by pagan Slavs
    • Dažbog, god of the sun
    • Hors, god of the sun
    • Radegast, god of hospitality, fertility and crops, associated with war and the sun, who may or may not have been worshipped by pagan Slavs
    • Zorya, three (sometimes two) daughters of Dažbog
      • Zorya Utrennyaya, the morning star, who openes the palace gates each dawn for the sun-chariot's departure
      • Zorya Vechernyaya, the everning star, who closes the palace gates each night after the sun-chariot's return
      • Zorya Polunochnaya, the midnight star, who holds the dying sun in her arms each night until he is reborn the following morning

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