Reptilian humanoids comprise a common motif in mythology, folklore, science fiction, fantasy, conspiracy theories, ufology and cryptozoology.
Reptilian humanoids in world mythology include:
- Boreas (Aquilon to the Romans): the Greek god of the cold north wind, described by Pausanias as a winged man with serpents instead of legs.
- Cecrops I: the mythical first King of Athens was half man, half snake
- Dragon Kings: creatures from Chinese mythology sometimes depicted as reptilian humanoids
- Fu Xi: serpentine founding figure from Chinese mythology
- Glycon: a snake god who had the head of a man.
- Ningizzida, Lord of the Tree of Life, mentioned in the Epic of Gilgamesh and linked to the water serpent constellation Hydra.
- Shenlong: a Chinese dragon thunder god, depicted with a human head and a dragon's body
- Sobek: Ancient Egyptian crocodile-headed god
- Tlaloc: Aztec god depicted as a man with snake fangs
- Typhon, the "father of all monsters" in Greek mythology, was a man from the waist up, and a mass of seething vipers from the waist down.
- Zahhak, a figure from Zoroastrian mythology who, in Ferdowsi's epic Shahnameh, grows a serpent on either shoulder
- Echidna, the wife of Typhon in Greek mythology, was half woman, half snake.
- Enchanted Moura from Portuguese and Galician folklore appears as a snake with long blonde hair.
- The Gorgons: Sisters in Greek mythology who had serpents for hair.
- The Lamia: a child-devouring female demon from Greek mythology depicted as half woman, half serpent.
- Nüwa: serpentine founding figure from Chinese mythology
- Wadjet pre-dynastic snake goddess of Lower Egypt - sometimes depicted as half snake, half woman
- The White Snake: a figure from Chinese folklore
- Some djinn in Islamic mythology are described as alternating between human and serpentine forms.
- Nāga (Devanagari: नाग): reptilian beings from Hindu mythology said to live underground and interact with human beings on the surface.
- The Serpent: a character from the Genesis creation narrative occasionally depicted with legs, and sometimes identified with Satan, though its representations have been both male and female.
Purported reptilian humanoid cryptids include:
- The Cherufe in Chile
- The Lizard Man of Scape Ore Swamp in South Carolina, USA
- The Loveland Frog (or Loveland Lizard), in Loveland, Ohio, USA
- Jake the Alligator Man, a sideshow gaff in Long Beach, Washington, USA
- The Thetis Lake monster in Canada
- Flatwoods monster (referred to as the "Lizard Monster" on the March 10, 2010 episode of MonsterQuest)
In ufology and conspiracy theories
- Reptilians appear in some claims of alien encounters and in the conspiracy theories of David Icke
- Lemurians, reptilian humanoids in the writings of Helena Blavatsky
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