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List of popes

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There is no official list of popes, but the Annuario Pontificio, published every year by the Vatican, contains a list that is generally considered to be the most authoritative. Its list is the one given here. The Annuario Pontificio list gives Benedict XVI as the 265th pope of Rome.

While the term Pope (Latin: papa "father'") is used in several Churches to denote their high spiritual leaders (for example Coptic Pope), this title in English usage can by itself refer to the head of the Catholic Church. The title itself has been used officially by the head of the Catholic Church since the tenure of Pope Siricius, although it has been first used by the Copts centuries earlier.

Hermannus Contractus may have been the first historian to number the popes continuously. His list ends in 1049 with Pope Leo IX as number 154. In 2001 a rigorous study was made by the Catholic Church into the history of the papacy.[1] Based on that research, in 2008 there have been 265 Popes and 267 pontificates. The difference can be attributed to the fact that Benedict IX reigned three different times between 1032 and 1048.

Several changes have been made in the list during the 20th century. Antipope Christopher was considered legitimate for a long time. Pope-elect Stephen was considered legitimate under the name Stephen II until the 1961 edition and erased then. Although these changes are no longer controversial, a number of modern lists still include this "first Pope Stephen II". It is probable that this is because they are based on the 1913 edition of the Catholic Encyclopaedia, which is in the public domain.

The Latin Episcopus Romanus translates as Bishop of Rome.

Chronological list of popesEdit

1st-5th CenturiesEdit

1st CenturyEdit

Pontificate Portrait Common English name Regnal (Latin) name Personal name Place of birth Age at Election / Death or Resigned # years as Pope Notes
30 - 67 Saint Peter by Grão Vasco Peter
Saint Peter
Petrus, Head of the Church Simon Peter
שמעון בן יונה
(Shimon ben Yona)

Shimon Kipha
CΙΜΗΟΝ ΚΗΦΑC
(Simeon Kephas - Simon the Rock)
Bethsaida, Galilea     Disciple of Jesus from whom he received the keys to the Kingdom of Heaven, according to Matthew 16:18-19.
post42/ante57 - 64/67(?) Petrus, Episcopus Romanus Executed by crucifixion upside-down; feast day (Feast of Saints Peter and Paul) 29 June, (Chair of Saint Peter) 22 February. Recognized as the first pope by the Roman Catholic Church. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 29 June.
64/67(?) - 76/79(?) Linus2 Linus
Saint Linus
Linus, Episcopus Romanus Linus Tuscia (Northern Latium)     Traditionally martyred (no evidence); Feast day 23 September. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 7 June.
76/79(?) - 88 Popeanacletus Anacletus
(Cletus)
Saint Anacletus
Anacletus, Episcopus Romanus Anacletus Probably Greece     Martyred; feast day 26 April
88/92 - 97/101 StClement1 Clement I
Saint Clement
Clemens, Episcopus Romanus   Rome     Martyred; feast day 23 November. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 25 November.
97/99 - 105/107 Evaristus Evaristus
(Aristus)
Saint Evaristus
Evaristus, Episcopus Romanus Aristus       Traditionally martyred (no evidence); feast day 26 October

2nd CenturyEdit

Pontificate Portrait Common English name Regnal (Latin) name Personal name Place of birth Age at Election / Death or Resigned # years as Pope Notes
105/107 - 115/116 Pope Alexander I Alexander I
Saint Alexander
Alexander, Episcopus Romanus Alexander Rome     Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 16 March.
115/116 - 125 SixtusI Sixtus I
Saint Sixtus
Xystus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome or Greece     Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 10 August.
125 - 136/138 Telesphorus Telesphorus
Saint Telesphorus
Telesphorus, Episcopus Romanus   Greece      
136/138 - 140/142 Hyginus Hyginus
Saint Hyginus
Hyginus, Episcopus Romanus   Greece     Traditionally martyred (no evidence); feast day 11 January
140/142 - 155 Pius I Pius I
Saint Pius
Pius, Episcopus Romanus   Aquileia, Friuli, Italy     Martyred by sword; feast day 11 July
155 - 166 Papa Aniceto cropped Anicetus
Saint Anicetus
Anicetus, Episcopus Romanus   Emesa, Syria     Traditionally martyred (no evidence); feast day 17 April
c.166 - 174/175 Soter Soter
Saint Soter
Soterius, Episcopus Romanus   Fondi, Latium, Italy     Traditionally martyred; feast day 22 April
174/175 - 189 Eleutherius Eleuterus
Saint Eleutherus
Eleutherius, Episcopus Romanus   Nicopoli, Epyrus     Traditionally martyred; feast day 6 May
189 - 198/199 Victor I. Victor I
Saint Victor
Victor, Episcopus Romanus   Northern Africa      
199 - 217 Saintz05 Zephyrinus
Saint Zephyrin
Zephyrinus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome      

3rd CenturyEdit

Pontificate Portrait Common English name Regnal (Latin) name Personal name Place of birth Age at Election / Death or Resigned # years as Pope Notes
c.217 - 222/223 CalixtusI Callixtus I
Saint Callixtus
Callistus, Episcopus Romanus         Martyred; feast day 14 October
222/223 - 230 UrbanI Urban I
Saint Urban
Urbanus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome     Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 25 May.
21 July 230 - 28 September 235 Pope Pontian Pontian
Saint Pontian
Pontianus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome   5 First Pope with firm dates of office
21 November 235 - 3 January 236 Pope Anterus Anterus
Saint Anterus
Anterus, Episcopus Romanus   Greece   <1 Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 5 August.
10 January 236 - 20 January 250 Fabian Sebastian 1490 Fabian
Saint Fabian
Fabianus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome   14 Feast day 20 January. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 5 August.
6 March/11 March 251 - June 253 Heiliger Cornelius Cornelius
Saint Cornelius
Cornelius, Episcopus Romanus       2 Died a martyr, through extreme hardship; feast day 16 September
25 June 253 - 5 March 254 Lucius I Lucius I
Saint Lucius
Lucius, Episcopus Romanus   Rome   <1 Feast day 4 March
12 May 254 - 2 August 257 Stephen I Stephen I
Saint Stephen
Stephanus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome   3 Martyred by beheading; feast day 2 August. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with the same feast day.
30/31 August 257 - 6 August 258 PopesixtusII Sixtus II
Saint Sixtus II
Xystus Secundus, Episcopus Romanus   Greece   <1 Martyred by beheading. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 10 August.
22 July 259 - 26 December 268 Pope Dionysius Dionysius
Saint Dionysius
Dionysius, Episcopus Romanus   Greece   9 Feast day 26 December
5 January 269 - 30 December 274 PopeFelixI Felix I
Saint Felix
Felix, Episcopus Romanus   Rome   5  
4 January 275 - 7 December 283 Eutychian Eutychian
Saint Eutychian
Eutychianus, Episcopus Romanus       8  
17 December 283 - 22 April 296 PCaius Caius
Saint Caius
Caius, Episcopus Romanus       12 Feast day 22 April. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 11 August.
30 June 296 - 1 April 304 Marcellinus Marcellinus
Saint Marcellinus
Marcellinus, Episcopus Romanus       7 Feast day 26 April. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 7 June.

4th CenturyEdit

Pontificate Portrait Common English name Regnal (Latin) name Personal name Place of birth Age at Election / Death or Resigned # years as Pope Notes
308 to 309 Papa Marcelo I Marcellus I
Saint Marcellus
Marcellus, Episcopus Romanus          
c.309 - c.310 Eusebius Eusebius
Saint Eusebius
Eusebius, Episcopus Romanus          
2 July 311 - 11 January 314 Pope miltiades Miltiades
Melchiades
Saint Miltiades
Miltiades, Episcopus Romanus   Africa   2 First pope after the end of the persecution of Christians through the Edict of Milan (313 AD) issued by Constantine the Great
31 January 314 - 31 December 335 Sylvester I and Constantine Sylvester I
Saint Sylvester
Silvester, Episcopus Romanus       21 Feast day 31 December. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 2 January.
18 January 336 - 7 October 336 Marcus (papa) Mark
Saint Mark
Marcus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome   <1 Feast day 7 October
6 February 337 - 12 April 352 Iulius I Julius I
Saint Julius
Iulius, Episcopus Romanus   Rome   15  
17 May 352 - 24 September 366 Paderborner Dom Dreifaltigkeitskapelle Liborius Liberius Liberius, Episcopus Romanus       14 Earliest Pope not yet canonized by the Roman Church. Revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 27 August.
1 October 366 - 11 December 384 Saintdamasus Damasus I
Saint Damasus
Damasus, Episcopus Romanus   Idanha-à-Velha, Portugal   18
11 December 384 - 26 November 399 Siricius Siricius
Saint Siricius
Papa Siricius, Episcopus Romanus       14 First Bishop of Rome to employ the title "Papa" ("Pope")
27 November 399 - 19 December 401 Anastasius I Anastasius I
Saint Anastasius
Papa Anastasius, Episcopus Romanus       2  

5th CenturyEdit

Pontificate Portrait Common English name Regnal (Latin) name Personal name Place of birth Age at Election / Death or Resigned # years as Pope Notes
22 December 401 - 12 March 417 Innocentius I Innocent I
Saint Innocent
Papa Innocentius, Episcopus Romanus       15 Visigoth Sack of Rome (410) under Alaric
18 March 417 - 26 December 418 Zosimus Zosimus
Saint Zosimus
Papa Zosimus, Episcopus Romanus       1  
28/29 December 418 - 4 September 422 Pope Boniface I Boniface I
Saint Boniface
Papa Bonifacius, Episcopus Romanus       3  
10 September 422 - 27 July 432 Celestine1pope Celestine I
Saint Celestine
Papa Coelestinus, Episcopus Romanus       9 Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 8 April.
31 July 432 - March/August 440 70px Sixtus III
Saint Sixtus
Papa Xystus Tertius, Episcopus Romanus       8  
29 September 440 - 10 November 461 Greatleoone Leo I
Saint Leo
Leo the Great
Papa Leo Magnus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome   21 Convinced Attila the Hun to turn back his invasion of Italy. Feast day 10 November. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 18 February.
19 November 461 - 29 February 468 Nuremberg chronicles - Hilarius, Pope (CXXXVIv) Hilarius
Saint Hilarius
Papa Hilarius, Episcopus Romanus       6  
3 March 468 - 10 March 483 Simplicius Simplicius
Saint Simplicius
Papa Simplicius, Episcopus Romanus   Tivoli, Italy   15  
13 March 483 - 1 March 492 Felix3 Felix III (Felix II)
Saint Felix
Papa Felix Tertius (Secundus), Episcopus Romanus   Rome   8 Sometimes called Felix II
1 March 492 to 21 November 496 Papa Gelasio I Gelasius I
Saint Gelasius
Papa Gelasius, Episcopus Romanus   Africa   4  
24 November 496 - 19 November 498 Anastasius II Anastasius II Papa Anastasius Secundus, Episcopus Romanus       1  
22 November 498 - 19 July 514 Simmaco - mosaico Santa Agnese fuori le mura Symmachus
Saint Symmachus
Papa Symmachus, Episcopus Romanus   Sardinia   15  

6th-10th CenturiesEdit

6th CenturyEdit

Pontificate Portrait Common English name Regnal (Latin) name Personal name Place of birth Age at Election / Death or Resigned # years as Pope Notes
20 July 514 - 19 July 523 70px Hormisdas
Saint Hormisdas
Papa Hormisdus, Episcopus Romanus   Frosinone, Southern Latium, Italy   8 Father of Pope Silverius
13 August 523 - 18 May 526 Papa Ioannes I John I
Saint John
Papa Ioannes, Episcopus Romanus   Tuscany   2  
13 July 526 - 22 September 530 Mosaic of Felix IV (III) in Santi Cosma e Damiano, Rome, Italy (527–530) Felix IV (Felix III)
Saint Felix
Papa Felix Quartus(Tertius), Episcopus Romanus   Samnium   4 Sometimes called Felix III
22 September 530 - 17 October 532 Boniface II Boniface II Papa Bonifacius Secundus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome to Ostrogoth parents   2  
2 January 533 - 8 May 535 Johannes II John II Papa Ioannes Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Mercurius Rome   2 First pope to not use personal name. This was due to Mercury being a Roman god.
13 May 535 - 22 April 536 Agapitus I Agapetus I
Agapitus
Saint Agapetus
Papa Agapetus, Episcopus Romanus       <1 Feast days 22 April, 20 September. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 17 April.
1 June 536 - 11 November 537 Silverius Silverius
Saint Silverius
Papa Silverius, Episcopus Romanus       1 Exiled; feast day 20 June, son of Pope Hormisdas
29 March 537 - 7 June 555 Vigilius Vigilius Papa Vigilius, Episcopus Romanus   Rome   18  
16 April 556 - 4 March 561 Pope Pelagius I Pelagius I Papa Pelagius, Episcopus Romanus   Rome   5  
17 July 561 - 13 July 574 Papa Joao III John III Papa Ioannes Tertius, Episcopus Romanus Catelinus     12  
2 June 575 - 30 July 579 Benedict I Benedict I Papa Benedictus, Episcopus Romanus       4  
26 November 579 - 7 February 590 PopePelagiusII Pelagius II Papa Pelagius Secundus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome   10  
3 September 590 - 12 March 604 Gregorythegreat Gregory I, O.S.B.
Saint Gregory
Gregory the Great
Papa Gregorius Magnus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome   13 First to formally employ the titles "Servus servorum Dei" and "Pontifex Maximus". Feast day 3 September. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 12 March.

7th CenturyEdit

Pontificate Portrait Common English name Regnal (Latin) name Personal name Place of birth Age at Election / Death or Resigned # years as Pope Notes
13 September 604 - 22 February 606 Sabinian Sabinian
Saint Sabinian
Papa Sabinianus, Episcopus Romanus   Blera   1  
19 February 607 - 12 November 607 Boniface III Boniface III Papa Bonifacius Tertius, Episcopus Romanus   Rome   <1  
25 August 608 - 8 May 615 Pope Boniface IV Boniface IV, O.S.B.
Saint Boniface
Papa Bonifacius Quartus, Episcopus Romanus   Marsi   6 First Pope to bear the same name as his predecessor. Member of the Order of St. Benedict.
19 October 615 - 8 November 618 70px Adeodatus I Papa Adeodatus,
or Papa Deusdedit Episcopus Romanus
  Rome   3 Sometimes called Deusdedit, and then Pope Adeodatus II is called Pope Adeodatus without a number
23 December 619 - 25 October 625 Papa Bonifacio V Boniface V Papa Bonifacius Quintus, Episcopus Romanus   Naples   5  
27 October 625 - 12 October 638 Onorio I - mosaico Santa Agnese fuori le mura Honorius I Papa Honorius, Episcopus Romanus       2  
October 638 - 2 August 640 Severinopapa Severinus Papa Severinus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome   1  
24 December 640 - 12 October 642 Murner History Cod Karlsruhe 3117 (crop) John IV Papa Ioannes Quartus, Episcopus Romanus   Zadar, Dalmatia, now Croatia   1  
24 November 642 - 14 May 649 Theodorus I Theodore I Papa Theodorus, Episcopus Romanus   Palestine   6  
July 649 - 16 September 655 Pope Martin I Martin I
Saint Martin
Papa Martinus, Episcopus Romanus       6 Feast Day 12 November. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 14 April.
10 August 654 - 2 June 657 PopeeugeneI Eugene I
Saint Eugene
Papa Eugenius, Episcopus Romanus   Rome   2  
30 July 657 - 27 January 672 Pope Vitalian Vitalian
Saint Vitalian
Papa Vitalianus, Episcopus Romanus       14  
11 April 672 - 17 June 676 70px Adeodatus II, O.S.B. Papa Adeodatus Secundus, Episcopus Romanus       4 Sometimes called Pope Adeodatus (without a number) when Pope Adeodatus I is called Pope Deusdedit. Member of the Order of St. Benedict.
2 November 676 - 11 April 678 Popedonus Donus Papa Donus, Episcopus Romanus       1  
27 June 678 - 10 January 681 Agatho Agatho
Saint Agatho
Papa Agatho, Episcopus Romanus   Sicily   2 Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 20 February.
December 681 - 3 July 683 LeoII-s Leo II
Saint Leo
Papa Leo Secundus, Episcopus Romanus   Sicily   1 Feast day 3 July
683/26 June 684 - 8 May 685 BenedictII Benedict II
Saint Benedict
Papa Benedictus Secundus, Episcopus Romanus       <1 Feast day 7 May
12 July 685 - 2 August 686 Johannes V John V Papa Ioannes Quintus, Episcopus Romanus   Syria   1  
21 October 686 - 22 September 687 Konon Conon Papa Conon, Episcopus Romanus       <1  
15 December 687 - 8 September 701 Sergius I Sergius I
Saint Sergius
Papa Sergius, Episcopus Romanus   Sicily   13  

8th CenturyEdit

Pontificate Portrait Common English name Regnal (Latin) name Personal name Place of birth Age at Election / Death or Resigned # years as Pope Notes
30 October 701 - 11 January 705 John VI John VI Papa Ioannes Sextus, Episcopus Romanus   Greece   3  
1 March 705 - 18 October 707 Byzantinischer Mosaizist um 705 002 John VII Papa Ioannes Septumus, Episcopus Romanus   Greece   2 Second Pope to bear the same name as his predecessor
15 January 708 - 4 February 708 Sisinnius Sisinnius Papa Sisinnius, Episcopus Romanus   Syria   <1  
25 March 708 - 9 April 715 70px Constantine Papa Constantinus, Episcopus Romanus   Syria   7 Last Pope to visit Greece until John Paul II in 2001
19 May 715 - 11 February 731 StgregoryII Gregory II
Saint Gregory
Papa Gregorius Secundus, Episcopus Romanus       15 Feast day 11 February
18 March 731 - 28 November 741 178-7866 IMG - Gregorius III AV Gregory III Papa Gregorius Tertius, Episcopus Romanus   Syria   10 Third Pope to bear the same name as his predecessor
3 December 741 - 14 March/22 March 752 Pope Zachary Zachary
Saint Zachary
Papa Zacharias, Episcopus Romanus   Greece   10 Feast day 15 March
23 March 752 - 25 March 752 Never took office as Pope. 70px (Pope-Elect Stephen) Papa Scelga Stephanus       0 Sometimes known as Stephen II. Died three days after his election and was never consecrated into the office of Pope as such debate remains over whether he was Pope or not. The Vatican sanctioned his addition to the list of Popes in the sixteenth century, however he was removed in 1961. As such he is not considered a Pope by the Catholic Church.
26 March 752 - 26 April 757 La donacion de Pipino el Breve al Papa Esteban II Stephen II Papa Stephanus Secundus, Episcopus Romanus       5 Sometimes called Stephen III
29 May 757 - 28 June 767 Paul I Paul I
Saint Paul
Papa Paulus, Episcopus Romanus       10  
1 August or 7 August 767 - 24 January 772 StephenIII Stephen III Papa Stephanus Tertius, Episcopus Romanus       4 Sometimes called Stephen IV
1 February 772 - 26 December 795 Charlemagne and Pope Adrian I Adrian I Papa Hadrianus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome   23  
26 December 795 - 12 June 816 Leo III Mosaic Leo III
Saint Leo
Papa Leo Tertius, Episcopus Romanus       20 Crowned Charlemagne Imperator Augustus on Christmas Day, 800, thereby initiating what would become the office of Holy Roman Emperor requiring the imprimatur of the pope for its legitimacy

9th CenturyEdit

Pontificate Portrait Common English name Regnal (Latin) name Personal name Place of birth Age at Election / Death or Resigned # years as Pope Notes
12 June 816 - 24 January 817 Stephen IV Stephen IV Papa Stephanus Quartus, Episcopus Romanus       <1 Sometimes called Stephen V
25 January 817 - 11 February 824 Pope Paschalis I. in apsis mosaic of Santa Prassede in Rome Paschal I
Saint Paschal
Papa Paschalis, Episcopus Romanus   Rome   7  
8 May 824 - August 827 Eugene II Eugene II Papa Eugenius Secundus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome   3  
August 827 - September 827 Valentine Valentine Papa Valentinus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome   <1  
827 - January 844 Gregory-IV Raban-Maur Gregory IV Papa Gregorius Quartus, Episcopus Romanus       17  
January 844 - 7 January 847 70px Sergius II Papa Sergius Secundus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome   3  
January 847 - 17 July 855 Pope St. Leo IV Leo IV, O.S.B.
Saint Leo
Papa Leo Quartus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome   8 Member of the Order of St. Benedict.
855 - 7 April 858 70px Benedict III Papa Benedictus Tertius, Episcopus Romanus          
24 April 858 - 13 November 867 NicholasI Nicholas I
Saint Nicholas
Nicholas the Great
Papa Nicolaus Magnus Episcopus Romanus       9  
14 December 867 - 14 December 872 Adrian II Adrian II Papa Hadrianus Secundus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome   5  
14 December 872 - 16 December 882 70px John VIII Papa Ioannes Octavus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome   10  
16 December 882 - 15 May 884 Marinus I Marinus I Papa Marinus, Episcopus Romanus       1  
17 May 884 - c.September 885 Papa Adriano III Adrian III
Saint Adrian
Papa Hadrianus Tertius, Episcopus Romanus   Rome      
885 - 14 September 891 Stephen V Stephen V Papa Stephanus Quintus, Episcopus Romanus         Sometimes called Stephen VI
19 September 891 - 4 April 896 PopeFormosusBW Formosus Papa Formosus, Episcopus Romanus   Ostia   4 Posthumously ritually executed following the Cadaver Synod
4 April 896 - 19 April 896 Boniface VI Boniface VI Papa Bonifacius Sextus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome   <1  
22 May 896 - August 897 Stephen VI Stephen VI Papa Stephanus Sextus, Episcopus Romanus       1 Sometimes called Stephen VII
August 897 - November 897 70px Romanus Papa Romanus, Episcopus Romanus       <1  
December 897 70px Theodore II Papa Theodorus Secundus, Episcopus Romanus       <1  
January 898 - January 900 John IX John IX, O.S.B. Papa Ioannes Nonus, Episcopus Romanus         Member of the Order of St. Benedict.
900 - 903 70px Benedict IV Papa Benedictus Quartus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome      

10th CenturyEdit

Pontificate Portrait Common English name Regnal (Latin) name Personal name Place of birth Age at Election / Death or Resigned # years as Pope Notes
July 903 - September 903 Pope Leo V Leo V Papa Leo Quintus, Episcopus Romanus   Ardea   <1  
29 January 904 - 14 April 911 SergiusIII Sergius III Papa Sergius Tertius, Episcopus Romanus   Rome   7 "Pornocracy" begins
April 911 - June 913 70px Anastasius III Papa Anastasius Tertius, Episcopus Romanus   Rome   2  
July/August 913 - February/March 914 70px Lando Papa Lando, Episcopus Romanus   Sabina, Italy   <1  
March 914 - May 928 70px John X Papa Ioannes Decimus, Episcopus Romanus       14  
May 928 - December 928 70px Leo VI Papa Leo Sextus, Episcopus Romanus       <1  
December 928 - February 931 Stephen VII Papa Stephanus Septimus, Episcopus Romanus       2 Sometimes called Stephen VIII
February/March 931 - December 935 Ioannes XI John XI Papa Ioannes Undecimus, Episcopus Romanus       4  
3 January 936 - 13 July 939 Leone-VII Leo VII, O.S.B. Papa Leo Septimus, Episcopus Romanus       3 Member of the Order of St. Benedict.
14 July 939 - October 942 Stephen VIII Stephen VIII Papa Stephanus Octavus, Episcopus Romanus       3 Sometimes called Stephen IX
30 October 942 - May 946 Marinus II Marinus II Papa Marinus Secundus, Episcopus Romanus       3  
10 May 946 - December 955 70px Agapetus II Papa Agapetus Secundus, Episcopus Romanus       9  
16 December 955 - 14 May 964 GiovanniXII John XII Papa Ioannes Duodecimus, Episcopus Romanus Octavian     8 Deposed in 963 by Emperor Otto invalidly; end of the "Pornocracy"
22 May 964 - 23 June 964 70px Benedict V Papa Benedictus Quintus, Episcopus Romanus       <1 Elected after John XII's death by the people of Rome, in opposition to the Antipope Leo VIII who was appointed by Emperor Otto; Benedict accepted his deposition in 964 leaving Leo as sole pope.
July 964 - 1 March 965 70px Leo VIII Papa Leo Octavus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome   <1 Appointed antipope by Emperor Otto in 963 in opposition to John XII and Benedict V. He became the true Pope after Benedict V was deposed
1 October 965 - 6 September 972 70px John XIII Papa Ioannes Tertius Decimus, Episcopus Romanus       6  
19 January 973 - June 974 70px Benedict VI Papa Benedictus Sextus, Episcopus Romanus       1 Deposed and murdered
October 974 - 10 July 983 70px Benedict VII Papa Benedictus Septimus, Episcopus Romanus       8  
December 983 - 20 August 984 70px John XIV Papa Ioannes Quartus Decimus, Episcopus Romanus Pietro Campanora Pavia   <1  
August 985 - March 996 70px John XV Papa Ioannes Quintus Decimus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome   10  
3 May 996 - 18 February 999 Otto III wird von Papst Gregor V. zum Kaiser gesalbt Gregory V Papa Gregorius Quintus, Episcopus Romanus Bruno of Carinthia     2 First German Pope
2 April 999 - 12 May 1003 Silvester II Sylvester II Papa Silvester Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Gerbert d'Aurillac Auvergne region of France   4 First French Pope

11th-15th CenturiesEdit

11th CenturyEdit

Pontificate Portrait Common English name Regnal (Latin) name Personal name Place of birth Age at Election / Death or Resigned # years as Pope Notes
June 1003 - December 1003 Papa Joao XVII John XVII Papa Ioannes Septimus Decimus, Episcopus Romanus Siccone Rome   <1  
25 December 1003 - July 1009 Ioannes XVIII John XVIII Papa Ioannes Duodevicesimus, Episcopus Romanus Giovanni Fasano; Phasianus Rome   5  
31 July 1009 - 12 May 1012 Sergius IV Sergius IV Papa Sergius Quartus, Episcopus Romanus Pietro Boccapecora Rome   2  
18 May 1012 - 9 April 1024 70px Benedict VIII Papa Benedictus Octavus, Episcopus Romanus Theophylactus II, Conti di Tusculum Rome   11  
April/May 1024 - 20 October 1032 70px John XIX Papa Ioannes Undevicesimus, Episcopus Romanus Romanus, Conti di Tusculum Rome   8  
1032 - 1044 70px Benedict IX Papa Benedictus Nonus, Episcopus Romanus Theophylactus III, Conti di Tusculum Rome     1st Term
1045 Silvestro3 Sylvester III Papa Silvester Tertius, Episcopus Romanus John, Bishop of Sabina Rome     Validity of election questioned; considered Anti-Pope; deposed at the Council of Sutri.
1045 - 1046 70px Benedict IX Papa Benedictus Nonus, Episcopus Romanus Theophylactus III, Conti di Tusculum Rome     2nd Term; deposed at the Council of Sutri
April/May 1045 - 20 December 1046 70px Gregory VI Papa Gregorius Sextus, Episcopus Romanus Johannes Gratianus     1 Deposed at the Council of Sutri
24 December 1046 - 9 October 1047 Pope clement II Clement II Papa Clemens Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Suidger Saxony   <1  
November 1047 - 1048 70px Benedict IX Papa Benedictus Nonus, Episcopus Romanus Theophylactus III, Conti di Tusculum       3rd Term; deposed and excommunicated
17 July 1048 - 9 August 1048 B Damasus II1 Damasus II Papa Damasus Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Poppo Tirol   <1  
12 February 1049 - 19 April 1054 Leon IX Leo IX
Saint Leo
Papa Leo Nonus, Episcopus Romanus Bruno, Count of Dagsbourg Alsace   5 On July 16, 1054, legates sent by Pope Leo IX to the Byzantine capital excommunicated the Patriarch of Constantinople Michael I Cerularius, who promptly reciprocated. Centuries of disputes over such matters as Primacy of the Roman Pontiff, the ecclesiastical calendar, the use of leavened or unleavened bread, and additions to the Creed (notably the filioque clause) reached their nadir on that date. Although the excommunications were originally intended to be of an individual nature, the break in communion spread to the broader church as sides were chosen; the East-West schism still exists today.
13 April 1055 - 28 July 1057 Vicii bild Victor II Papa Victor Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Gebhard, Count of Calw, Tollenstein, and Hirschberg Germany   2  
2 August 1057 - 29 March 1058 B Stephan IX Stephen IX, O.S.B. Papa Stephanus Nonus, Episcopus Romanus Frederic de Lorraine; Frederick of Lorraine     <1 Sometimes called Stephen X. Member of the Order of St. Benedict.
6 December 1058 - 27 July 1061 Papa Nicolau II Nicholas II Papa Nicolaus Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Gérard de Bourgogne; Gerard of Burgundy     2  
30 September 1061 - 21 April 1073 Papa alessandro II Alexander II Papa Alexander Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Anselmo da Baggio Baggio, Milan, Italy   11  
22 April 1073 - 25 May 1085 Pope Gregory VII Gregory VII, O.S.B.
Saint Gregory
Papa Gregorius Septimus, Episcopus Romanus Hildebrand Soana, Tuscany, Italy   12 Restricted the use of title "Papa" to the Bishop of Rome. Member of the Order of St. Benedict.
24 May 1086 - 16 September 1087 Victor III Victor III, O.S.B.
Blessed Victor
Papa Victor Tertius, Episcopus Romanus Desiderio; Desiderius; Dauferius Southern Italy   1 Member of the Order of St. Benedict.
12 March 1088 - 29 July 1099 BlUrban II Urban II, O.S.B.
Blessed Urban
Papa Urbanus Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Odo of Lagery France   11 Started the First Crusade. Member of the Order of St. Benedict.
13 August 1099 - 21 January 1118 B Paschalis II Paschal II, O.S.B. Papa Paschalis Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Raniero Romagna, Italy   18 Member of the Order of St. Benedict.

12th CenturyEdit

Pontificate Portrait Common English name Regnal (Latin) name Personal name Place of birth Age at Election / Death or Resigned # years as Pope Notes
24 January 1118 - 28 January 1119 GelasioII Gelasius II, O.S.B. Papa Gelasius Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Giovanni Coniulo Gaeta, Latium, Italy   1 Member of the Order of St. Benedict.
2 February 1119 - 13 December 1124 Calixtus II Callixtus II Papa Callistus Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Guido, Comte de Bourgogne France   5 Opened the First Council of the Lateran in 1123
15 December 1124 - 13 February 1130 Pope honorius ii Honorius II, Can.Reg. Papa Honorius Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Lamberto Scannabecchi Imola, Romagna, Italy   5 Canon Regular of S. Maria di San Reno
14 February 1130 - 24 September 1143 B Innozenz II Innocent II, Can. Reg. Papa Innocentius Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Gregorio Papareschi Rome, Italy   13 Canon Regular of Lateran; Convened the Second Council of the Lateran, 1139
26 September 1143 - 8 March 1144 Caelestinus II Celestine II Papa Coelestinus Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Guido Città di Castello, Umbria, Italy   <1  
12 March 1144 - 15 February 1145 B Lucius II Lucius II, Can. Reg. Papa Lucius Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Gerardo Caccianemici dal Orso Bologna, Italy   1 Canon Regular of S. Frediano di Lucca
15 February 1145 - 8 July 1153 70px Eugene III, O.Cist.
Blessed Eugene
Papa Eugenius Tertius, Episcopus Romanus Bernardo Paganelli Pisa, Tuscany, Italy   8 Member of the Order of Cistercians.
8 July 1153 - 3 December 1154 B Anastasius IV Anastasius IV Papa Anastasius Quartus, Episcopus Romanus Corrado della Suburra Rome   1  
4 December 1154 - 1 September 1159 Pope Hadrian IV Adrian IV, O.S.A. Papa Hadrianus Quartus, Episcopus Romanus Nicholas Breakspear England   4 Only English pope; granted Ireland to Henry II, King of England. Member of the Order of St. Augustine.
7 September 1159 - 30 August 1181 B-Alexander III1 Alexander III Papa Alexander Tertius, Episcopus Romanus Rolando Bandinelli Siena, Tuscany, Italy   21 Convened the Third Council of the Lateran, 1179
1 September 1181 - 25 November 1185 Pope Lucius III Lucius III Papa Lucius Tertius, Episcopus Romanus Ubaldo Allucingoli Lucca, Tuscany, Italy   4  
25 November 1185 - 19 October 1187 B Urban III Urban III Papa Urbanus Tertius, Episcopus Romanus Uberto Crivelli Milan, Italy   1  
21 October 1187 - 17 December 1187 70px Gregory VIII, Can. Reg. Papa Gregorius Octavus, Episcopus Romanus Alberto di Morra Benevento, Campania, Italy   <1 Canon Regular Premostratense; Proposed the Third Crusade
19 December 1187 - 27 March 1191 B Clemens III Clement III Papa Clemens Tertius, Episcopus Romanus Paulino Scolari Rome   3  
30 March 1191 - 8 January 1198 70px Celestine III Papa Coelestinus Tertius, Episcopus Romanus Giacinto Bobone Rome   6  
8 January 1198 - 16 July 1216 Innozenz3 Innocent III Papa Innocentius Tertius, Episcopus Romanus Lothario dei Conti di Segni Gavignano, Latium, Italy   18 Convened the Fourth Council of the Lateran, 1215

13th CenturyEdit

Pontificate Portrait Common English name Regnal (Latin) name Personal name Place of birth Age at Election / Death or Resigned # years as Pope Notes
18 July 1216 - 18 March 1227 B Honorius III3 Honorius III Papa Honorius Tertius, Episcopus Romanus Cencio Savelli Rome   10  
19 March 1227 - 22 August 1241 Gregory IX bas-relief in the U.S. House of Representatives chamber Gregory IX Papa Gregorius Nonus, Episcopus Romanus Ugolino dei Conti di Segni Anagni, Latium, Italy   14 Canonized Elisabeth of Hungary, 1235
25 October 1241 - 10 November 1241 B Colestin IV Celestine IV Papa Coelestinus Quartus, Episcopus Romanus Goffredo Castiglioni Milan, Italy   <1 Member of the Order of St. Benedict.
25 June 1243 - 7 December 1254 Innocent IV - Council of Lyon - 002r detail Innocent IV Papa Innocentius Quartus, Episcopus Romanus Sinibaldo Fieschi Genoa, Italy   11 Convened the First Council of Lyons, 1245
12 December 1254 - 25 May 1261 B Alexander IV Alexander IV Papa Alexander Quartus, Episcopus Romanus Rinaldo dei Conti di Segni; Rinaldo Conti Anagni, Italy   6  
29 August 1261 - 2 October 1264 Pope Urban IV Urban IV Papa Urbanus Quartus, Episcopus Romanus Jacques Pantaléon Troyes, France   3  
5 February 1265 - 29 November 1268 Papst Clemens IV Clement IV Papa Clemens Quartus, Episcopus Romanus Gui Faucoi le Gros (angl: Guy Foulques the Fat) Saint-Gilles, France   3  
29 November 1268 - 1 September 1271 Ombrellino-keys interregnum           Almost 3 year period without a valid pope elected. This was due to a deadlock among cardinals voting for the pope.
1 September 1271 - 10 January 1276 B Gregor X Gregory X
Blessed Gregory
Papa Gregorius Decimus, Episcopus Romanus Tebaldo Visconti Piacenza, Italy   4 Convened the Second Council of Lyons, 1274.
21 January 1276 - 22 June 1276 InnocentV Innocent V, O.P.
Blessed Innocent
Papa Innocentius Quintus, Episcopus Romanus Pierre de Tarentaise Savoy, France   <1 Member of the Dominican Order.
11 July 1276 - 18 August 1276 Papa Adriano V Adrian V Papa Hadrianus Quintus, Episcopus Romanus Ottobuono Fieschi Genoa, Italy   <1  
8 September 1276 - 20 May 1277 B Johannes XXI John XXI Papa Ioannes Vicesimus Primus, Episcopus Romanus Pedro Hispano Lisbon, Portugal   <1 Killed in the collapse of his scientific laboratory
25 November 1277 - 22 August 1280 PopeNicholasIIICameo Nicholas III Papa Nicolaus Tertius, Episcopus Romanus Giovanni Gaetano Orsini Rome, Italy   2
22 February 1281 - 28 March 1285 B Martin IV Martin IV Papa Martinus Quartus, Episcopus Romanus Simon de Brion; Simon de Brie Touraine, France   4  
2 April 1285 - 3 April 1287 PopeOnorioIV Honorius IV Papa Honorius Quartus, Episcopus Romanus Giacomo Savelli Rome, Italy   2  
22 February 1288 - 4 April 1292 NicholasIV Nicholas IV, O.F.M. Papa Nicolaus Quartus, Episcopus Romanus Girolamo Masci Ascoli, Italy   4 Member of the Franciscan Order.
4 April 1292 - 5 July 1294 Ombrellino-keys interregnum           2 year period without a valid pope elected. This was due to a deadlock among cardinals voting for the pope.
5 July 1294 - 13 December 1294 Celestin 5 statue Celestine V, O.S.B.
Saint Celestine
Papa Coelestinus Quintus, Episcopus Romanus Pietro da Morrone Moline, Italy   <1 One of only two popes who abdicated. Member of the Order of St. Benedict.
24 December 1294 - 11 October 1303 Bonifatius VIII Grabstatue Boniface VIII Papa Bonifacius Octavus, Episcopus Romanus Benedetto Caetani Anagni, Italy   8  

14th CenturyEdit

Pontificate Portrait Common English name Regnal (Latin) name Personal name Place of birth Age at Election / Death or Resigned # years as Pope Notes
22 October 1303 - 7 July 1304 B Benedikt XI Benedict XI, O.P.
Blessed Bendedict
Papa Benedictus Undecimus, Episcopus Romanus Niccolò Boccasini Treviso, Italy   <1 Convened the Council of Vienne, 1311-1312. Member of the Dominican Order.
5 June 1305 - 20 April 1314 Papst klemens v Clement V Papa Clemens Quintus, Episcopus Romanus Bertrand de Got Bordeaux, France   8 Pope at Avignon. Suppressed the Knights Templar at the Council of Vienne.
20 April 1314 - 7 August 1316 Ombrellino-keys interregnum           2 year period without a valid pope elected. This was due to a deadlock among cardinals voting for the pope.
7 August 1316 - 4 December 1334 John22 John XXII Papa Ioannes Vicesimus Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Jacques d'Euse; Jacques Duèse Cahors, France   18 Pope at Avignon
20 December 1334 - 25 April 1342 Benedikt XII1 Benedict XII, O.Cist. Papa Benedictus Duodecimus, Episcopus Romanus Jacques Fournier Saverdun, France   7 Pope at Avignon. Member of the Order of Cistercians.
7 May 1342 - 6 December 1352 Clemens VI Clement VI Papa Clemens Sextus, Episcopus Romanus Pierre Roger Limoges, France   10 Pope at Avignon
18 December 1352 - 12 September 1362 Innozenz VI Innocent VI Papa Innocentius Sextus, Episcopus Romanus Étienne Aubert; Stephen Aubert Beyssac, France   9 Pope at Avignon
28 September 1362 - 19 December 1370 Urban V Urban V, O.S.B.
Blessed Urban
Papa Urbanus Quintus, Episcopus Guillaume Grimoard; Guillaume de Grimoard Languedoc, France   8 Pope at Avignon. Member of the Order of St. Benedict.
30 December 1370 - 26 March 1378 PopeGregoryXI Gregory XI Papa Gregorius Undecimus, Episcopus Romanus Pierre Roger de Beaufort Limoges, France   7 Pope at Avignon; returns to Rome
8 April 1378 - 15 October 1389 Urbanus VI Urban VI Papa Urbanus Sextus, Episcopus Romanus Bartolomeo Prignano Naples, Italy   11 Western Schism
2 November 1389 - 1 October 1404 IX.Bonifac Boniface IX Papa Bonifacius Nonus, Episcopus Romanus Pietro Tomacelli Naples, Italy   14 Western Schism

15th CenturyEdit

  • R This pope resigned his office.
  • B The exact birth date of Innocent VIII and almost all popes prior to Eugene IV is unknown, therefore the lowest probable age has been assumed for this table.
Pontificate Portrait Common English name Regnal (Latin) name Personal name Place of birth Age at Election / Death or Resigned # years as Pope Notes
17 October 1404 - 6 November 1406 70px Innocent VII Papa Innocentius Septimus, Episcopus Romanus Cosimo Gentile Migliorati Abruzzi, Italy 67 / 69 [B] 2 Western Schism
30 November 1406 - 4 July 1415 70px Gregory XII Papa Gregorius Duodecimus, Episcopus Romanus Angelo Correr Venice, Italy 60 / 69 [R][B] 8 Western Schism; abdicated during the Council of Constance, which had been called by his opponent John XXIII.
4 July 1415 - 11 November 1417 Ombrellino-keys Interregnum           Two year period without a valid pope elected. Alexander V and John XXIII were both antipopes during this period.
11 November 1417 - 20 February 1431 Martin V Martin V Papa Martinus Quintus, Episcopus Romanus Oddone Colonna Rome, Italy 48 / 62 [B] 13 Convened the Council of Basel, 1431
3 March 1431 - 23 February 1447 Portrait du pape Eugène IV Eugene IV, O.S.A. Papa Eugenius Quartus, Episcopus Romanus Gabriele Condulmer Venice, Italy 47 / 63 [B] 15 Member of the Augustinian Order. Crowned Sigismund emperor at Rome in 1433.
6 March 1447 - 24 March 1455 70px Nicholas V, O.P. Papa Nicolaus Quintus, Episcopus Romanus Tommaso Parentucelli Sarzana, Liguria, Italy 49 / 57 8 Member of the Dominican Order. Held Jubilee of 1450; crowned Frederick III emperor at Rome in 1452.
8 April 1455 - 6 August 1458 Calixtus III Callixtus III Papa Callistus Tertius, Episcopus Romanus Alfonso de Borgia Xàtiva, València, Spain 76 / 79 3 First Spanish Pope
19 August 1458 - 15 August 1464 Pintoricchio 012 Pius II Papa Pius Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Enea Silvio Piccolomini Siena, Italy 52 / 58 5  
30 August 1464 - 26 July 1471 Paul II Paul II Papa Paulus Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Pietro Barbo Venice, Italy 47 / 54 6 Nephew of Eugene IV
9 August 1471 - 12 August 1484 70px Sixtus IV, O.F.M. Papa Xystus Quartus, Episcopus Romanus Francesco della Rovere Savona, Italy 57 / 70 13 Member of the Franciscan Order. Commissioned the Sistine Chapel
29 August 1484 - 25 July 1492 Innocent VIII Innocent VIII Papa Innocentius Octavus, Episcopus Romanus Giovanni Battista Cybo Genoa, Italy 51 / 59 [B] 7 Appointed Tomás de Torquemada
11 August 1492 - 18 August 1503 Alexander VI - Pinturicchio detail Alexander VI Papa Alexander Sextus, Episcopus Romanus Rodrigo de Lanzòl-Borgia Xàtiva, València, Spain 61 / 72 11 Nephew of Callixtus III. Father to Cesare Borgia and Lucrezia Borgia. Divided the extra-European world between Spain and Portugal in 1493 by the Bull Inter caetera.

16th-20th CenturiesEdit

16th CenturyEdit

Pontificate Portrait Common English name Regnal (Latin) name Personal name Place of birth Age at Election / Death or Resigned # years as Pope Notes
22 September 1503 - 18 October 1503 Pius III, Nordisk familjebok Pius III Papa Pius Tertius, Episcopus Romanus Francesco Todeschini Piccolomini Siena, Tuscany, Italy 64 / 64 <1 Nephew of Pius II
31 October 1503 - 21 February 1513 09julius Julius II, O.F.M. Papa Iulius Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Giuliano della Rovere Albisola, Savona, Italy 59 / 69 9 Member of the Franciscan Order. Nephew of Sixtus IV; Convened the Fifth Council of the Lateran, 1512. Took effective control of the whole territory of the Papal States for the first time. Proposed plans for rebuilding of Saint Peter's Basilica
9 March 1513 - 1 December 1521 Pope-leo10 Leo X Papa Leo Decimus, Episcopus Romanus Giovanni di Lorenzo de' Medici Florence, Italy 37 / 45 8 Son of Lorenzo the Magnificent. Excommunicated Martin Luther
9 January 1522 - 14 September 1523 Hadrian VI Adrian VI Papa Hadrianus Sextus, Episcopus Romanus Adriaan Floriszoon Boeyens Utrecht, Holy Roman Empire (presently The Netherlands) 62 / 64 1 The only Dutch Pope. Last non-Italian to be elected pope until John Paul II in 1978. The tutor of Emperor Charles V
26 November 1523 - 25 September 1534 Clement VII. Sebastiano del Piombo. c.1531. Clement VII Papa Clemens Septimus, Episcopus Romanus Giulio di Giuliano de' Medici Florence, Italy 45 / 56 11 Cousin of Leo X. Rome plundered by imperial troops ("Sacco di Roma"), 1527. He forbade the divorce of Henry VIII and crowned Charles V Emperor at Bologna in 1530. His niece Catherine de' Medici was married to the son of the French king.
13 October 1534 - 10 November 1549 Tizian 083b Paul III Papa Paulus Tertius, Episcopus Romanus Alessandro Farnese Canino, Viterbo, Italy 66 / 81 15 Opened the Council of Trent in 1545. His illegitimate son became the first Duke of Parma.
7 February 1550 - 29 March 1555 Julius III Julius III Papa Iulius Tertius, Episcopus Romanus Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte Rome, Italy 62 / 67 5  
9 April 1555 - 30 April or 1 May 1555 Pope Marcellus II Marcellus II Papa Marcellus Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Marcello Cervini Montefano, Macerata, Italy 53 / 53 <1 Last to use birth name as regnal name
23 May 1555 - 18 August 1559 Pope Paul IV Paul IV Papa Paulus Quartus, Episcopus Romanus Giovanni Pietro Carafa Capriglia, Campania, Italy 78 / 83 4  
26 December 1559 - 9 December 1565 Pius iv Pius IV Papa Pius Quartus, Episcopus Romanus Giovanni Angelo Medici Milan, Italy 59 / 66 6 Reopened the Council of Trent, 1562, it concluded its proceedings in 1563
7 January 1566 - 1 May 1572 El Greco 050 Pius V, O.P.
Saint Pius
Papa Pius Quintus, Episcopus Romanus Michele Ghislieri Bosco, Alessandria, Italy 61 / 68 6 Member of the Dominican Order. Excommunicated Elizabeth I of England, 1570. Victory of Lepanto 1571
13 May 1572 - 10 April 1585 Gregory XIII Gregory XIII Papa Gregorius Tertius Decimus, Episcopus Romanus Ugo Boncompagni Bologna, Italy 70 / 83 12 Reform of the calendar 1582
24 April 1585 - 27 August 1590 Sixtus5 Sixtus V, O.F.M. Conv. Papa Xystus Quintus, Episcopus Romanus Felice Peretti Grottammare, Marche, Italy 63 / 68 5 Member of the Conventual Franciscan Order.
15 September 1590 - 27 September 1590 70px Urban VII Papa Urbanus Septimus, Episcopus Romanus Giovanni Battista Castagna Rome, Italy 69 / 69 <1  
5 December 1590 - 15 /16 October 1591 Gregory XIV Gregory XIV Papa Gregorius Quartus Decimus, Episcopus Romanus Niccolò Sfondrati Cremona, Lombardy, Italy 55 / 56 <1  
29 October 1591 - 30 December 1591 Innocent9 Innocent IX Papa Innocentius Nonus, Episcopus Romanus Giovanni Antonio Facchinetti Bologna, Italy 72 / 72 <1  
30 January 1592 - 3 March 1605 Clem8 Clement VIII Papa Clemens Octavus, Episcopus Romanus Ippolito Aldobrandini Fano, Marche, Italy 55 / 69 13  

17th CenturyEdit

Pontificate Portrait Common English name Regnal (Latin) name Personal name Place of birth Age at Election / Death or Resigned # years as Pope Notes
1 April 1605 - 27 April 1605 B Leo XI Leo XI Papa Leo Undecimus, Episcopus Romanus Alessandro Ottaviano de' Medici Florence, Italy 69 / 69 <1  
16 May 1605 - 28 January 1621 Pope Paul V Paul V Papa Paulus Quintus, Episcopus Romanus Camillo Borghese Rome, Italy 52 / 68 15  
9 February 1621 - 8 July 1623 Gregor XV Gregory XV Papa Gregorius Quintus Decimus, Episcopus Romanus Alessandro Ludovisi Bologna, Italy 67 / 69 2  
6 August 1623 - 29 July 1644 Bernini-Urban8 Urban VIII Papa Urbanus Octavus, Episcopus Romanus Maffeo Barberini Florence, Italy 55 / 76 20 Trial against Galileo Galilei
15 September 1644 - 7 January 1655 Innocent-x-velazquez Innocent X Papa Innocentius Decimus, Episcopus Romanus Giovanni Battista Pamphilj Rome, Italy 70 / 80 10  
7 April 1655 - 22 May 1667 Alexander VII Alexander VII Papa Alexander Septimus, Episcopus Romanus Fabio Chigi Siena, Tuscany, Italy 56 / 68 12  
20 June 1667 - 9 December 1669 Pope Clement IX Clement IX Papa Clemens Nonus, Episcopus Romanus Giulio Rospigliosi Pistoia, Tuscany, Italy 67 / 69 2  
29 April 1670 - 22 July 1676 Clement X Clement X Papa Clemens Decimus, Episcopus Romanus Emilio Altieri Rome, Italy 79 / 86 6  
21 September 1676 - 11/12 August 1689 InnocentXI Innocent XI
Blessed Innocent XI
Papa Innocentius Undecimus, Episcopus Romanus Benedetto Odescalchi Como, Lombardy, Italy 65 / 78 12  
6 October 1689 - 1 February 1691 Alexander VIII 1 Alexander VIII Papa Alexander Octavus, Episcopus Romanus Pietro Vito Ottoboni Padova, Veneto, Italy 79 / 80 1  
12 July 1691 - 27 September 1700 Pope Innocent XII Innocent XII Papa Innocentius Duodecimus, Episcopus Romanus Antonio Pignatelli Spinazzola, Puglia, Italy 76 / 85 9  
23 November 1700 - 19 March 1721 Clement XI Clement XI Papa Clemens Undecimus, Episcopus Romanus Giovanni Francesco Albani Urbino, Marche, Italy 51 / 71 20  

18th CenturyEdit

Pontificate Portrait Common English name Regnal (Latin) name Personal name Place of birth Age at Election / Death or Resigned # years as Pope Notes
8 May 1721 - 7 March 1724 InnocientXIII Innocent XIII Papa Innocentius Tertius Decimus, Episcopus Romanus Michelangelo de ’Conti; Michael Angelo Conti Poli, Lazio, Italy 65 / 68 3  
29 May 1724 - 21 February 1730 PopebenedictXIII Benedict XIII, O.P. Papa Benedictus Tertius Decimus, Episcopus Romanus Pierfrancesco Orsini Gravina, Puglia, Italy 75 / 81 5 Member of the Dominican Order.
12 July 1730 - 6 February 1740 Pope Clement XII Clement XII Papa Clemens Duodecimus, Episcopus Romanus Lorenzo Corsini Florence, Italy 78 / 87 9  
17 August 1740 - 3 May 1758 Benoit XIV Benedict XIV Papa Benedictus Quartus Decimus, Episcopus Romanus Prospero Lorenzo Lambertini Bologna, Italy 65 / 83 17  
6 July 1758 - 2 February 1769 Clement xii Clement XIII Papa Clemens Tertius Decimus, Episcopus Romanus Carlo della Torre Rezzonico Venice, Veneto, Italy 65 / 75 10  
19 May 1769 - 22 September 1774 PopeClement-XIV Clement XIV, O.F.M. Conv. Papa Clemens Quartus Decimus, Episcopus Romanus Giovanni Vincenzo Antonio Ganganelli Sant'Arcangelo di Romagna, Italy 63 / 68 5 Member of the Conventual Franciscan Order. Suppressed the Jesuit Order.
15 February 1775 - 29 August 1799 Popepiusvi Pius VI Papa Pius Sextus, Episcopus Romanus Count Giovanni Angelo Braschi Cesena, Italy 57 / 81 24 Condemned the French Revolution and was expelled from the Papal States by French troops from 1798 until his death.
14 March 1800 - 20 August 1823 Jacques-Louis David 018 Pius VII, O.S.B. Papa Pius Septimus, Episcopus Romanus Barnaba Chiaramonti Cesena, Italy 57 / 81 23 Member of the Order of St. Benedict. Present at Napoleon's coronation as Emperor of the French. Temporarily expelled from the Papal States by the French between 1809 and 1814.

19th CenturyEdit

Pontificate Portrait Common English name Regnal (Latin) name Personal name Place of birth Age at Election / Death or Resigned # years as Pope Notes
28 September 1823 - 10 February 1829 Leo XII Leo XII Papa Leo Duodecimus, Episcopus Romanus Count Annibale Sermattei della Genga Fabriano, Marche, Italy 63 / 68 5  
31 March 1829 - 1 December 1830 Popepiusviii Pius VIII Papa Pius Octavus, Episcopus Romanus Francesco Saverio Castiglioni Cingoli, Marche, Italy 67 / 69 1  
2 February 1831 - 1 June 1846 GREGORYXVI Gregory XVI, O.S.B. Cam. Papa Gregorius Sextus Decimus, Episcopus Romanus Bartolomeo Alberto Cappellari Belluno, Veneto, Italy 65 / 80 15 Member of the Camaldolese Order. The last non-bishop to be elected
16 June 1846 - 7 February 1878 Popepiusix Pius IX
Blessed Pius IX
Papa Pius Nonus, Episcopus Romanus Count Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti Senigallia, Marche, Italy 54 / 85 31 Opened First Vatican Council; lost the Papal States to Italy. Longest serving pope in history (see note on St. Peter.)
20 February 1878 - 20 July 1903 Leo XIII Leo XIII Papa Leo Tertius Decimus, Episcopus Romanus Gioacchino Vincenzo Raffaele Luigi Pecci Carpineto Romano, Latium, Italy 67 / 93 25 Laid down the seeds of Catholic Social Teaching through his encyclical, Rerum Novarum (On Capital and Labor) and supported Christian Democracy as against communism; he is the third-longest reigning pope after Pius IX (reigned for 31 years) and John Paul II (reigned for 26 years)

20th CenturyEdit

Pontificate Portrait Common English name Regnal (Latin) name Personal name Place of birth Age at Election / Death or Resigned # years as Pope Notes
4 August 1903 - 20 August 1914 Popepiusx Pius X
Saint Pius X
Papa Pius Decimus, Episcopus Romanus Giuseppe Melchiorre Sarto Riese, Treviso, Veneto, Italy 68 / 79 11 Encouraged and expanded reception of Holy Communion. Most recent pope to be canonized.
3 September 1914 - 22 January 1922 Benedictus XV Benedict XV Papa Benedictus Quintus Decimus, Episcopus Romanus Giacomo Della Chiesa Genoa, Italy 59 / 67 7 Credited for intervening for peace during World War I. He is remembered by Pope Benedict XVI as "prophet of peace."
6 February 1922 - 10 February 1939 Pius xi 1 Pius XI Papa Pius Undecimus, Episcopus Romanus Achille Ambrogio Damiano Ratti Desio, Milan, Italy 64 / 81 17 Signed the Lateran Treaty with Italy, establishing the Vatican City as a sovereign state.
2 March 1939 - 9 October 1958 Pacelli12 Pius XII
Venerable Pius XII
Papa Pius Duodecimus, Episcopus Romanus Eugenio Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Pacelli Rome, Italy 63 / 82 19 Invoked papal infallibility in encyclical Munificentissimus Deus.
28 October 1958 - 3 June 1963 JeanXXIII fanon John XXIII
Blessed John XXIII
Papa Ioannes Vicesimus Tertius, Episcopus Romanus Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli Sotto il Monte, Bergamo, Italy 76 / 81 4 Opened Second Vatican Council; sometimes called "Good Pope John"
21 June 1963 - 6 August 1978 Pope Paul VI. 1967 Paul VI
Servant of God Paul VI
Papa Paulus Sextus, Episcopus Romanus Giovanni Battista Enrico Antonio Maria Montini Concesio, Brescia, Italy 65 / 80 15 The last pope to be crowned with the Papal Tiara. Concluded Second Vatican Council. In 1965, the specific anathemas and excommunications resulting in the East-West schism of 1054 (see Pope Leo IX) were lifted through the "embrace of peace" and declaration of reconciliation by Patriarch Athenagoras I of Constantinople and Pope Paul VI. In spite of the lifting of this historical obstacle, the actual break in communion between the Roman Catholic Church and Eastern Orthodox Church still exists, However, a serious dialogue on reconciliation between the two churches has taken place over the past four decades.
26 August 1978 - 28 September 1978 John Paul I
Servant of God John Paul I
Papa Ioannes Paulus Primus, Episcopus Romanus Albino Luciani Forno di Canale (now Canale d'Agordo), Veneto, Italy 65 / 65 <1 First Pope to use 'the First' in regnal name. First pope with two names, for his two immediate predecessors. Died early into a charismatic reign.
16 October 1978 - 2 April 2005 JohannesPaulII John Paul II
Servant of God John Paul II
Papa Ioannes Paulus Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Karol Józef Wojtyła Wadowice, Poland 58 / 84 26 First Polish pope and first non-Italian pope in 455 years. Canonized more saints than all predecessors. Longest serving Pope since Pius IX (1846-1878) and 2nd longest serving Pope to date (see note on St. Peter. ) He is remembered as "Pope of the Youth" and as "the Pilgrim Pope" for his extensive official travel.

21st CenturyEdit

Pontificate Portrait Common English name Regnal (Latin) name Personal name Place of birth Age at Election / Death or Resigned # years as Pope Notes
19 April 2005 - present BentoXVI-30-10052007 Benedict XVI Papa Benedictus Sextus Decimus, Episcopus Romanus Joseph Alois Ratzinger Marktl am Inn, Bavaria, Germany 78 / - 9 First German pope since Stephen IX in 1058. Oldest to become pope since Clement XII in 1730. When Benedict ascended to the Papacy his election was welcomed by the Anti-Defamation League who noted "his great sensitivity to Jewish history and the Holocaust".

Religious OrdersEdit

30 popes have been members of religious orders. These have included:

  • 14 Benedictines (Gregory I, Boniface IV, Adeodatus II, Leo IV, John IX, Leo VII, Stephen IX, Gregory VII, Victor III, Urban II, Gelasius II, Celestine V, Urban V, and Pius VII)
  • 5 Dominicans (Innocent V, Benedict XI, Nicholas V, Pius V, and Benedict XIII)
  • 3 Cistercians (Paschal II, Eugene III, and Benedict XII)
  • 3 Franciscans (Nicholas IV, Sixtus IV, and Julius II)
  • 2 Augustinians (Adrian IV and Eugene IV)
  • 2 Conventual Franciscans (Sixtus V and Clement XIV)
  • 1 Camaldolese (Gregory XVI)

Notes on numbering of popes Edit

A number of anomalies in the list given above need further explanation:

  • Felix II (356-357), Boniface VII (974, 984-985), John XVI (997-998), Benedict X (1058-1059) and Alexander V (1409-1410) are not listed because they are considered antipopes.[2]
  • The numbering of popes named Felix has been amended to omit antipope Felix II. However, most lists still call the last two Felixes Felix III and Felix IV. Additionally, there was an antipope Felix V.[2]
  • There has never been a pope John XX as a result of confusion of the numbering system in the 11th century.[3]
  • Pope-elect Stephen, who died before being consecrated, has not been on the Vatican's official list of popes since 1961, but appears on lists dating from before 1960.[3] The numbering of following popes called Stephen are nowadays given as Pope Stephen II to Pope Stephen IX, rather than Stephen III to Stephen X.
  • When Simon de Brion became pope in 1281, he chose to be called Martin. At that time, Marinus I and Marinus II were mistakenly considered to be Martin II and Martin III respectively, and so, erroneously, Simon de Brion became Pope Martin IV.[4]
  • Pope Donus II, said to have reigned about 974, never existed. The belief resulted from the confusion of the title dominus (lord) with a proper name. (Pope Joan also probably never existed; however, legends about her may have originated from stories about the pornocracy.)[5]
  • The status of Antipope John XXIII was uncertain for hundreds of years, and was finally settled in 1958 when Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli announced his own name as John XXIII. Baldassare Cossa, who was Antipope John XXIII, served as a Cardinal of the reunited church before his death in 1419 and his remains are found in the Battistero di San Giovanni (Florence).

See alsoEdit


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