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List of papal relatives created cardinal

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This is a list of papal relatives created cardinal by a pope other than their relative. These creates are similar to cardinal-nephews but this list does not include cardinals included in the list of cardinal-nephews

List

Cardinal "Nephew" of Elevator Elevated Notes
Giovanni Aniceo (relative) Gregory I Pelagius II circa 580
Pope Paul I (brother)[1] Stephen II Pope Zachary Before 750 Future Pope Paul I
Romano Marin[2] Pope Marinus I Pope Nicholas I cira 867
Cristoforo (relative)[3] Leo V Sergius III circa 904-911
Leone (brother)[3] Pope Leo VI Pope John XI circa 931-936 Future Pope Leo VII
Pietro Ruffino (nephew)[4] Paschalis II Callixtus II 9 March 1118
Gregorio della Suburra (nephew)[5] Anastasius IV Innocent II 1 March 1140 His relationship with Anastasius IV is not explicitly confirmed in the contemporary sources[6]
Giovanni Paparoni[7][8] Pope Innocent II Pope Celestine II 17 December 1143
Giovanni Caccianemici (nephew)[9] Lucius II Celestine II 17 December 1143
Cinzio Papareschi[7] Pope Innocent II Pope Adrian IV 14 March 1158 Credibility of the evidence for his relationship with Innocent II is uncertain[10]
Graziano da Pisa (nephew)[11] Eugenius III Alexander III 4 March 1178
Bobo (relative)[12] Celestine III Lucius III 18 December 1182
Ottaviano di Paoli (or Conti) (relative)[7] Innocent III Lucius III 18 December 1182 Cardinal's nephew married the niece of Innocent III[13]
Bobo (relative)[14] Celestine III Clement III 12 March 1188
Alessio Capocci (nephew)[15] Anastasius IV Clement III 12 March 1188 His relationship with Anastasius IV is unconfirmed[16]
Gregorio Bobone (nephew)[17] Celestine III Clement III 22 September 1190
Guido Papareschi (relative)[18] Innocent II Clement III 22 September 1190
Pietro de Morra (relative)[19] Gregory VIII Innocent III 18 December 1204 His relationship with Gregory VIII and the surname de Morra are not proven[20]
Tommaso da Capua[21] Pope Honorius IV Pope Innocent III 5 March 1216
Aldebrandino Gaetano Orsini[22] Pope Nicholas III Pope Honorius III December 1216
Goffredo da Castiglione[19] Pope Urban III Pope Gregory IX 18 September 1227 future Pope Celestine IV; his relationship with Urban III is disputed[23]
Pietro Capocci[24] Pope Honorius III Pope Innocent IV 28 May 1244
Matteo Orsini Rosso[19][25] Pope Nicholas III Pope Urban IV 22 May 1262 Not to be confused with Senator Matteo Rosso Orsini
Napoleone Orsini Frangipani[19] Pope Nicholas III Pope Nicholas IV 16 May 1288
Francesco Napoleone Orsini[19] Pope Nicholas III Pope Boniface VIII 12 December 1295
Luc Fieschi[19] Pope Adrian V Pope Boniface VIII 2 March 1300
Gaillard de la Mothe[26] Pope Clement V Pope John XXII 17 December (or 18), 1316
Jean de Carmin[26] Pope John XXII Pope Clement VI 17 December 1350
Gilles Aycelin de Montaigu[26] Pope Clement VI Pope Innocent VI 17 September 1361
Guillaume d'Aigrefeuille[26] Pope Clement VI Pope Urban V 12 May 1367
Francesco Carbone Tomacelli[27] Boniface IX Urban VI 17 December 1384 Cardinal Carbone's mother married a brother of Pope Boniface IX in second nuptials, after the death of the cardinal's father
Giovanni Domenico de Cupis[28] Pope Julius II Pope Leo X 1 July 1517 the son of the mother of Julius II's illegitimate daughter, Felice della Rovere
Agostino Spinola (grandnephew)[29] Pope Sixtus IV Pope Clement VII 3 May 1527
Alessandro Sforza[30] Pope Paul III Pope Pius IV 12 March 1565
Giovanni Aldobrandini (brother) [31] Pope Clement VIII Pope Pius V 17 May 1570
Roberto Ubaldini[32] Pope Leo XI Pope Paul V 2 December 1615
Ippolito Aldobrandini (grandnephew) [33] Pope Clement VIII Pope Gregory XV 19 April 1621
Carlo Barberini [34] Pope Urban VIII Pope Innocent X 23 June 1653
Felice Rospigliosi [35] Pope Clement IX Pope Clement X 16 January 1673
Benedetto Pamphilij (grandnephew)[36] Pope Innocent X Pope Innocent XI 1 September 1681
Francesco Pignatelli [37] Pope Innocent XII Pope Clement XI 17 December 1703
Alessandro Albani (cousin)[38] Pope Clement XI Pope Innocent XIII 16 July 1721
Domenico Orsini d'Aragona[39] Pope Benedict XIII Pope Benedict XIV 9 September 1743
Andrea Corsini (grandnephew)[39] Pope Clement XII Pope Clement XIII 24 September 1759
Gabriele della Genga Sermattei Pope Leo XII Pope Gregory XVI 1 February 1836

Notes

  1. Miranda, Salvator. 1998. "VIII Century (701-795)."
  2. Miranda, Salvator. 1998. "IX Century (795-900)."
  3. 3.0 3.1 Miranda, Salvator. 1998. "X Century (900-999)."
  4. Brixius, p. 48 and 81; Klewitz, p. 219; Zenker, p. 88.
  5. B. Zenker, p. 48-51, has proven that he was not created only by his uncle Anastasius IV, as was affirmed in the older historiography, but is identical to cardinal-priest Gregorio of S. Maria in Trastevere, created by Innocent II in 1140, while Anastasius IV only promoted him to the rank of cardinal-bishop of Sabina. See also Maleczek, p. 248-249.
  6. Brixius, p. 112
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Miranda, Salvator. 1998. "XII Century (1099-1198)."
  8. Walter Holtzmann (ed.): Italia Pontificia. Vol. IX (Samnium, Apulia, Lucania), Berlin 1962, p. 40
  9. Brixius, p. 50 no. 7
  10. Brixius, p. 58 and 114, and Zenker, p. 218, trust this evidence; more sceptical is Maleczek, p. 248 note 283.
  11. Maleczek, p. 71
  12. Maleczek, p. 249.
  13. Maleczek, p. 80
  14. Maleczek, p. 249.
  15. S. Miranda Consistory of 1188.
  16. H. Tillmann, "Ricerche sull'origine dei membri del collegio cardenalizio nel XII secolo. II/2. Identificazione dei cardinali del secolo XII di provenienza Romana", Rivista di Storia della Chiesa in Italia, vol. XXIX, 1975, p. 380
  17. Maleczek, p. 98 and 249.
  18. Maleczek, p. 99 and 249.
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 19.3 19.4 19.5 Miranda, Salvator. 1998. "XIII Century (1198-1303)."
  20. Maleczek, p. 150
  21. The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church - Biographical Dictionary - Consistory of 17 December 1261
  22. Elfriede Kartusch, Das Kardinalskollegium in der Zeit von 1181-1227, Vienna 1948, p. 84, cites two contemporary documents which explicitly confirm that Aldebrandino belonged to the family Gaetano Orsini, which was also the family of Pope Nicholas III.
  23. Paravicini Bagliani, I, p. 33; http://www.genealogie-mittelalter.de/paepste/coelestin_4_papst_+_1241.html
  24. Paravicini Bagliani, p. 301
  25. Williams, 2004, p. 37.
  26. 26.0 26.1 26.2 26.3 Miranda, Salvador. 1998. "XIV Century (1303-1404)."
  27. Consistory of 17 December 1384
  28. Miranda, Salvator. 1998. "Consistory of 1 July 1517."
  29. Miranda, Salvator. 1998. "Consistory of 3 May 1527 (I)."
  30. Miranda, Salvador. 1998. "XVI Century (1503-1605)."
  31. Salvator Miranda "Consistory of 17 May 1570."
  32. Mirandas, Salvator. 1998. "Consistory of 2 December 1615 (VI)."
  33. Salvator, Miranda. 1998. "Consistory of 19 April 1621 (I)."
  34. Salvator, Miranda. 1998. "Consistory of 23 June 1653 (I)."
  35. Salvator, Miranda. 1998. "Consistory of 16 January 1673 (I)."
  36. Salvator, Miranda. 1998. "Consistory of 1 September 1681 (I)."
  37. Miranda, Salvator. 1998. "Consistory of 17 December 1703 (I)."
  38. Miranda, Salvator. 1998. "Consistory of 16 July 1721 (I)."
  39. 39.0 39.1 Miranda, Salvator. 1998. "XVIII Century (1700-1799)."

References

  • Thomson, John A.F. 1980. Popes and Princes, 1417-1517: Politics and Polity in the Late Medieval Church. Boston: George Allen & Unwin. ISBN 0-04-901027-1.
  • Williams, George L. 2004. Papal Genealogy: The Families and Descendants of the Popes. McFarland. ISBN 0786420715.
  • J. M. Brixius, Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181, Berlin 1912
  • R. Hüls, Kardinäle, Klerus und Kirchen Roms: 1049-1130, Tübingen 1977
  • H.W. Klewitz, Reformpapsttum und Kardinalkolleg, Darmstadt 1957
  • B. Zenker, Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130 bis 1159, Würzburg 1964
  • K. Ganzer, Die Entwicklung des auswärtigen Kardinalats im hohen Mittelater, Tübingen 1963
  • W. Maleczek, Papst und Kardinalskolleg von 1191 bis 1216, Vienna 1984
  • K. Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica, vol. I-IX, Münster 1913
  • I.S. Robinson, The Papacy 1073-1198. Continuity and Innovation, Cambridge University Press 1990
  • A. Paravicini Bagliani, Cardinali di curia e "familiae" cardinalizie dal 1227 al 1254, 2 vols. Padova 1972

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