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List of countries by Muslim population

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Islam is the world's second largest religion after Christianity. According to a 2009 demographic study, Islam has 1.57 billion adherents, making up 23% of the world population.[1][2]

Islam is the predominant religion in the Middle East, in northern Africa[3][4], and in some parts of Asia.[5] Large communities of Muslims are also found in China, Eastern Europe, and Russia. Other parts of the world host large Muslim immigrant communities; in Western Europe, for instance, Islam is the second largest religion after Christianity.[6]

Approximately 50 countries are Muslim-majority.[2] Around 62% of the world's Muslims live in Asia, with over 683 million adherents in such countries as Indonesia (the largest Muslim country by population, home to 15.6% of the world's Muslims[7]), Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh.[2][8] About 20% of Muslims live in Arab countries.[9] In the Middle East, the non-Arab countries of Turkey and Iran are the largest Muslim-majority countries; in Africa, Egypt and Nigeria have the most populous Muslim communities.[8]

A demographic study conducted by the Pew Research Center in October 2009[1][2] found that there are 1.57 billion Muslims around the world, accounting for roughly 1 in 4 people. The study found more Muslims in Germany than in Lebanon and more in China than in Syria.[10]

Most Muslims are Sunni (87-90%), while the vast majority of the remainder (10-13%) are Shi'a.[11]

ListEdit

Figures indicated below are based on the demographic study by the Pew Research Center report of Mapping the Global Muslim Population, as of 8 October, 2009.[1][2]

Country/Region Muslim population
(2009 est.)
Muslim percentage (%) of total
population
Percentage (%) of World Muslim
population
Afghanistan 28,072,000 99.7 1.8
Albania 2,522,000 79.9 0.2
Algeria 34,199,000 98.0 2.2
Angola 190,000 1 0
Argentina 784,000 1.9 0.1
Armenia 1,000 0 0
Australia 365,000 1.7 0
Austria 353,000 4.2 0
Azerbaijan 8,765,000 99.2 0.6
Bahrain 642,000 81.2 0
Bangladesh 145,312,000 89.6 9.3
Belarus 19,000 0 0
Belgium 281,000 3 0
Belize 1,400 0.1 0
Benin 2,182,000 24.4 0.1
Bhutan 7,000 1.0 0
Bolivia 2,000 0 0
Bosnia-Herzegovina 1,522,000 40 0.1
Botswana 8,000 0.4 0
Brazil 191,000 0.1 0
Brunei 269,000 67.2 0
Bulgaria 920,000 12.2 0.1
Burkina Faso 9,292,000 59.0 0.6
Burundi 180,000 2 0
Cambodia 236,000 1.6 0
Cameroon 3,498,000 17.9 0.2
Canada 657,000 2.0 0
Central African Republic 395,000 8.9 0
Chad 6,257,000 55.8 0.4
Chile 4,000 0 0
China 21,667,000 1.6 1.4
Colombia 14,000 0 0
Comoros 664,000 98.3 0
Costa Rica - 0 0
Congo 943,000 1.4 0.1
Croatia 18,000 0 0
Cuba 9,000 0.1 0
Cyprus 198,000 22.7 0
Czech Republic 1,000 0 0
Denmark 88,000 2 0
Djibouti 838,000 96.9 0.1
Dominican Republic 2,000 0 0
East Timor 43,000 3.8 0
Ecuador 2,000 0 0
Egypt 78,513,000 94.6 5.0
El Salvador 2,000 0 0
Eritrea 1,854,000 36.5 0.1
Estonia 2,000 0.1 0
Ethiopia 28,063,000 33.9 1.8
Fiji 53,000 6.3 0
Finland 24,000 0.5 0
France 3,554,000 6 0.2
Gabon 140,000 9.5 0.1
Gambia 1,625,000 95 0.1
Georgia 423,000 9.9 0
Germany 4,026,000 5 0.3
Ghana 3,787,000 15.9 0.2
Greece 310,000 3 0
Grenada - 0.3 0
Guatemala 1,000 0 0
Guinea 8,502,000 84.4 0.5
Guinea-Bissau 680,000 42.2 0
Guyana 55,000 7.2 0
Haiti 2,000 0 0
Honduras 11,000 0.1 0
Hungary 24,000 0.2 0
Iceland - 0.1 0
India 160,945,000 13.4 10.3
Indonesia 202,867,000 88.2 12.9
Iran 73,777,000 99.4 4.7
Iraq 30,428,000 99 2
Ireland 22,000 0.5 0
Israel 1,194,000 16.7 0.1
Italy 36,000 0 0
Ivory Coast 7,745,000 36.7 0.5
Jamaica 1,000 0 0
Japan 183,000 0.1 0
Jordan 6,202,000 98.2 0.4
Kazakhstan 8,822,000 56.4 0.6
Kenya 2,793,000 7.0 0.2
Kosovo 1,999,000 89.6 0.1
Kuwait 2,824,000 95 0.2
Kyrgyzstan 4,734,000 86.3 0.3
Laos 2,000 0 0
Latvia 2,000 0 0
Lebanon 2,504,000 59.3 0.2
Lesotho 1,000 0 0
Liberia 483,000 12.2 0
Libya 6,203,000 96.6 0.4
Lithuania 3,000 0.1 0
Luxembourg 13,000 3 0
Macedonia 680,000 33.3 0
Madagascar 215,000 1.1 0
Malawi 1,955,000 12.8 0.1
Malaysia 16,581,000 60.4 1.1
Maldives 304,000 98.4 0
Mali 12,040,000 92.5 0.8
Mauritania 3,261,000 99.1 0.2
Mauritius 214,000 16.6 0
Mexico 110,000 0 0
Moldova 17,000 0.5 0
Mongolia 133,000 5.0 0
Montenegro 111,000 17.7 0
Morocco 31,993,000 99 2
Mozambique 5,224,000 22.8 0.3
Myanmar 1,889,000 3.8 0.1
Namibia 8,000 0.4 0
Nepal 1,231,000 4.2 0.1
Netherlands 946,000 5.7 0.1
New Caledonia 7,000 2.8 0
New Zealand 37,000 0.9 0
Nicaragua 1,000 0 0
Niger 15,075,000 98.6 1.0
Nigeria 78,056,000 50.4 5.0
North Korea 2,000 0 0
Norway 65,000 1 0
Oman 2,494,000 87.7 0.2
Pakistan 174,082,000 96.3 11.1
Panama 24,000 0.7 0
Papua New Guinea 2,000 0 0
Paraguay 1,000 0 0
Peru 1,000 0 0
Philippines 4,654,000 5.1 0.3
Poland 48,000 0 0
Portugal 15,000 0.1 0
Puerto Rico 1,000 0 0
Qatar 1,092,000 77.5 0.1
Republic of Congo 59,000 1.6 0
Romania 66,000 0.3 0
Russia 16,482,000 11.7 1.0
Rwanda 182,000 1.8 0
Saudi Arabia 24,949,000 97 2
Senegal 12,028,000 96.0 0.8
Serbia 244,000 3.2 0
Seychelles 1,000 1.1 0
Sierra Leone 4,059,000 71.3 0.3
Singapore 706,000 14.9 0
Slovakia - 0 0
Slovenia 49,000 2.4 0
Somalia 8,995,000 98.5 0.6
South Africa 731,000 1.5 0
South Korea 71,000 0.1 0
Spain 650,000 1 0
Sri Lanka 1,711,000 8.5 0.1
Sudan 30,121,000 71.3 1.9
Suriname 83,000 15.9 0
Swaziland 2,000 0.2 0
Sweden 149,000 2 0
Switzerland 323,000 4.3 0
Syria 20,196,000 92.2 1.3
Taiwan 23,000 0 0
Tajikistan 5,848,000 84.1 0.4
Tanzania 13,218,000 30.2 0.8
Thailand 3,930,000 5.8 0.3
Togo 809,000 12.2 0.1
Trinidad and Tobago 78,000 5.8 0
Tunisia 10,216,000 99.5 0.7
Turkey 73,619,000 98 4.7
Turkmenistan 4,757,000 93.1 0.3
Uganda 3,958,000 12.1 0.3
Ukraine 456,000 1.0 0
United Arab Emirates 3,504,000 76.2 0.2
United Kingdom 1,647,000 2.7 0.1
United States 2,454,000 0.8 0.2
Uruguay 1,000 0 0
Uzbekistan 26,469,000 96.3 1.7
Vanuatu - 0 0
Venezuela 94,000 0.3 0
Vietnam 157,000 0.2 0
Western Sahara 510,000 99.4 0
Yemen 23,363,000 99.1 1.5
Zambia 58,000 0.4 0
Zimbabwe 109,000 0.9 0
Asia-Pacific 972,537,000 24.1 61.9
Middle East-North Africa 315,322,000 91.2 20.1
Sub-Saharan Africa 240,632,000 30.1 15.3
Europe 38,112,000 5.2 2.4
Americas 4,596,000 0.5 0.3
World Total 1,571,198,000 22.9 100

See alsoEdit

Template:Life in OIC

Other religions:

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Mapping the Global Muslim Population: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World's Muslim Population: Main Page, Pew Research Center, http://pewforum.org/docs/?DocID=450 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Miller, Tracy, ed. (October 2009) (PDF), Mapping the Global Muslim Population: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World’s Muslim Population, Pew Research Center, http://pewforum.org/newassets/images/reports/Muslimpopulation/Muslimpopulation.pdf, retrieved 2009-10-08 
  3. "The Africanization of Missionary Christianity: History and Typology", Steven Kaplan, Journal of Religion in Africa 16 (3) (1986), 165-186. In Africa, Islam and Christianity are growing - and blending. Abraham McLaughlin The Christian Science Monitor, 26 January 2006.
  4. Encyclopedia Britannica. Britannica Book of the Year 2003. Encyclopedia Britannica, (2003) ISBN 9780852299562 p.306
    According to the Encyclopedia Britannica, as of mid-2002, there were 376,453,000 Christians, 329,869,000 Muslims and 98,734,000 people who practiced traditional religions in Africa. Ian S. Markham,(A World Religions Reader. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers, 1996.) is cited by Morehouse University as giving the mid 1990s figure of 278,250,800 Muslims in Africa, but still as 40.8% of the total population. These numbers are estimates, and remain a matter of conjecture. See Amadu Jacky Kaba. The spread of Christianity and Islam in Africa: a survey and analysis of the numbers and percentages of Christians, Muslims and those who practice indigenous religions. The Western Journal of Black Studies, Vol 29, Number 2, June 2005. Discusses the estimations of various almanacs and encyclopedium, placing Britannica's estimate as the most agreed figure. Notes the figure presented at the World Christian Encyclopedia, summarized here, as being an outlier. On rates of growth, Islam and Pentecostal Christianity are highest, see: The List: The World’s Fastest-Growing Religions, Foreign Policy, May 2007.
  5. Britannica [1], Think Quest [2], Wadsworth.com[3]
  6. See:
    • Esposito (2004) pp.2,43
    • "Islamic World". Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. 
    "Major Religions of the World Ranked by Number of Adherents". Adherents.com. http://www.adherents.com/Religions_By_Adherents.html. Retrieved 2007-01-09. 
  7. See these figures
  8. 8.0 8.1 "Number of Muslim by country". nationmaster.com. http://www.nationmaster.com/graph/rel_isl_num_of_mus-religion-islam-number-of-muslim. Retrieved 2007-05-30. 
  9. See:
    • Esposito (2002b), p.21
    • Esposito (2004), pp.2,43
  10. Eric Gorski (2009-10-08) Report: Global Muslim population hits 1.57 billion Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life. Retrieved on 2009-10-11.
  11. Richard Allen Greene (2009-10-07) Nearly 1 in 4 people worldwide is Muslim, report says CNN. Retrieved on 2009-10-11.

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