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List of capital crimes in the Torah

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According to the Torah (or Mosaic Law), these are the offenses which may merit the death penalty in a Jewish major court of 23 judges. Please note that, based on the Talmud, death was not a standard penalty but a maximum one, and that the standards for actually imposing the death penalty were so stringent as to be nearly impossible to achieve.[1]

Religious practicesEdit

Sexual practicesEdit

  • Rape by a man of a betrothed woman in the countryside[18]
  • Being either participant in consensual sexual activity, in which a betrothed woman consensually loses her virginity to a man[19]
  • Loss of virginity by a woman prior to marriage, to someone other than her husband while falsely representing herself as a virgin[20]
  • Adultery with a married woman.[21] Sexual activity between a married man and an unmarried woman was not forbidden.[22]
  • Marrying your wife's mother[23]
  • Certain forms of incest, namely if it involves the father's wife or a daughter-in-law.[24] Other forms of incest receive lesser punishment; sexual activity with a sister/stepsister is given excommunication for a punishment;[25]; if it involves a brother's wife or an uncle's wife it is just cursed[26] and sexual activity with an aunt that is a blood relation is merely criticized.[27]
  • Prostitution by the daughter of a priest[28]
  • Certain activities with a male (Hebrew: zakhar) involving what the masoretic text literally terms lay layings woman (Hebrew: tishkav mishkvei ishah),[29][30] and the Septuagint literally terms beds [verb] the woman's/wife's bed (Greek: koimethese koiten gynaikos);[31][32] the gender of the target of the command is commonly understood to be male, but not explicitly stated. The correct translation and interpretation of this passage, and its implications for Homosexuality in Judaism and Homosexuality in Christianity, are controversial. Translations into English are wide-ranging.[33][34]
  • Bestiality[35][36]

MiscellaneousEdit

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

Notes/ReferencesEdit

ru:Смертная казнь в Библии

fi:Kuolemantuomio Raamatussa

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