The current Pope Benedict XVI is the 265th pope in church history. This is a list of Roman Catholic popes by nationality. They are listed in chronological order within each section.

Statistics table

NationalityNumber of PopesPercentage of total
Vexilloid of the Roman Empire Africa Province (Roman Empire)31.1
Dalmatia (Kingdom of the Lombards)10.4
Henry II Arms England10.4
Oriflamme Flag of France (XIV-XVI) Kingdom of France (medieval)
Flag Germany Emperors Banner French Holy Roman Empire
Flag Germany Emperors Banner German part of Holy Roman Empire
Germany Modern Germany
Vexilloid of the Roman Empire Roman Greece
Byzantine Greece
Italian Peninsula (see table below)19071.7
Vexilloid of the Roman Empire Roman Galilee
Vexilloid of the Roman Empire Iudaea Province (Roman Empire)
Byzantine Palestine
Flag Germany Emperors Banner Dutch part of Holy Roman Empire10.4
Poland People's Republic of Poland10.4
Vexilloid of the Roman Empire Lusitania (Roman Empire)
PortugueseFlag1248 Portugal
Vexilloid of the Roman Empire Roman Syria
Byzantine Syria
Estandarte de la Corona de Aragon Valencia (part of the Crown of Aragon)20.8

Italian Peninsula

NationalityNumber of PopesPercentage of ItaliansPercentage of total
Vexilloid of the Roman Empire Roman Italy2111.17.9
Ostrogothic Kingdom93.22.3
Byzantine Italy2211.78.3
Flag of Florence Republic of Florence
Medici Flag of Tuscany Duchy of Florence
Bandiera del granducato di Toscana (1562-1737 ) Grand Duchy of Tuscany
Flag of Genoa Republic of Genoa31.61.1
Flag Germany Emperors Banner Italian part of Holy Roman Empire31.61.1
Flag of the Papal States (pre 1808) / Flag of the Papal States (1808-1870) Papal States 11762.244.1
Flag of Most Serene Republic of Venice Republic of Venice31.61.1
Flag of Italy (1861-1946) Kingdom of Italy (1861–1946)42.11.5
Italy Italian Republic31.61.1
Total Italians190 71.7

Popes by nationality


These popes are from the Roman province of Africa, which corresponds to the northwest coast of the continent.


Dalmatia was at the time part of the Kingdom of the Lombards. It is now part of the modern Republic of Croatia.


England is part of the modern United Kingdom.


Kingdom of France (medieval)

Holy Roman Empire


Holy Roman Empire

Federal Republic of Germany


Italian Peninsula

Roman Italy

Ostrogothic Kingdom

Byzantine Italy

Papal States

Italy in the Holy Roman Empire

Republic of Genoa

Republic of Venice

Republic of Florence/Duchy of Florence/Grand Duchy of Tuscany

Kingdom of Italy (modern)

Italian Republic


Holy Roman Empire


Roman Galilee

Iudaea Province

Byzantine Palestine



Lusitania Province

Kingdom of Portugal


Roman Syria

Byzantine Syria


The Kingdom of Valencia was then part of the possessions of the Crown of Aragon; it is now part of modern Spain.

Unknown nationality

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