Fandom

Religion Wiki

List of Mesopotamian deities

34,278pages on
this wiki
Add New Page
Talk0 Share

Ad blocker interference detected!


Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.

The following is a list of Mesopotamian deities.

Major deities

  • Adad or Ishkur - god of storms, venerated as a supreme power especially in Syria and Lebanon
  • Anshur - head of the Assyrian pantheon, regarded as the equivalent of Enlil
  • Anu or An - god of heaven and the sky, lord of constellations, and father of the gods
  • Enki or Ea - god of the freshwater Abzu, crafts, water, intelligence, mischief and creation
  • Enlil - god of the wind and divine ruler of the Earth and its human inhabitants
  • Ereshkigal - goddess of Irkalla, the Underworld
  • Inanna or Ishtar - goddess of fertility, love, sex and war
  • Marduk - patron deity of Babylon who eventually became regarded as the head of the Babylonian pantheon
  • Nabu - god of wisdom and writing
  • Nanshe - goddess of social justice, prophecy, fertility and fishing
  • Nergal - god of plague, war, and the sun in its destructive capacity; later husband of Ereshkigal
  • Ninhursag - earth and mother goddess; also known as Mami, Belet-Ili, Ki, Ninmah, Nintu and Aruru
  • Ninlil - goddess of the air; consort of Enlil
  • Ninurta - champion of the gods, the epitome of youthful vigour, and god of agriculture
  • Shamash or Utu - god of the sun, arbiter of justice and patron of travellers
  • Sin or Nanna - god of the moon
  • Tammuz or Dumuzi - god of food and vegetation

Lesser deities

  • Abu - a minor god of plants
  • Ama-arhus - Akkadian fertility goddess; later merged into Ninhursag
  • Amasagnul - Akkadian fertility goddess
  • Amathaunta - goddess of the ocean
  • Amurru - god of the Amorite people
  • An - a goddess, possibly the female principle of Anu
  • Asaruludu or Namshub - a protective deity
  • Ashnan - goddess of grain
  • Aya - a mother goddess and consort of Shamash
  • Azimua - a minor Sumerian goddess
  • Bau - dog-headed patron goddess of Lagash
  • Belet-Seri - recorder of the dead entering the underworld
  • Birdu - an underworld god; consort of Manungal and later syncretized with Nergal
  • Damgalnuna - mother of Marduk
  • Damu - god of vegetation and rebirth; possibly a local offshoot of Dumuzi
  • Druaga - an underworld god
  • Emesh - god of vegetation, created to take responsibility on earth for woods, fields, sheep folds, and stables
  • Enbilulu - god of rivers, canals, irrigation and farming
  • Endursaga - a herald god
  • Enkimdu - god of farming, canals and ditches
  • Enmesarra - an underworld god of the law, equated with Nergal
  • Ennugi - attendant and throne-bearer of Enlil
  • Enshag - a minor deity born to relieve the illness of Enki
  • Enten - god of vegetation, created to take responsibility on earth for the fertility of ewes, goats, cows, donkeys, birds
  • Erra - Akkadian god of mayhem and pestilence
  • Gaga - a minor deity featured in the Enûma Eliš
  • Gatumdag - a fertility goddess and tutelary mother goddess of Lagash
  • Geshtu-E - minor god of intelligence
  • Gibil or Gerra - god of fire
  • Gugalanna - the Great Bull of Heaven, the constellation Taurus and the first husband of Ereshkigal
  • Gunara - a minor god of uncertain status
  • Hahanu - a minor god of uncertain status
  • Hani - an attendant of the storm god Adad
  • Hayasum - a minor god of uncertain status
  • Hegir-Nuna - a daughter of the goddess Bau
  • Hendursaga - god of law
  • Ilabrat - attendant and minister of state to Anu
  • Ishum - brother of Shamash and attendant of Erra
  • Isimud - two-faced messenger of Enki
  • Ištaran - god of the city of Der (Sumer)
  • Kabta - god of pickaxes and the shaping of bricks
  • Kakka - attendant and minister of state to both Anu and Anshar
  • Kingu - consort of Tiamat; killed by Marduk, who used his blood to create mankind
  • Kubaba - tutelary goddess of the city of Carchemish
  • Kus (god) - god of herdsmen
  • Lahar - god of cattle
  • Lugal-Irra - possibly a minor variation of Erra
  • Lulal - the younger son of Inanna; patron god of Bad-tibira
  • Mamitu - goat-headed goddess of destiny, who decreed the fate of the new-borns
  • Manungal - an underworld goddess; consort of Birdu
  • Mammetun - Sumerian goddess of fate
  • Mandanu -god of divine judgment
  • Muati - obscure Sumerian god who became syncretized with Nabu
  • Mushdamma - god of buildings and foundations
  • Nammu - a creation goddess
  • Nanaya - goddess personifying voluptuousness and sensuality
  • Nazi - a minor deity born to relieve the illness of Enki
  • Negun - a minor goddess of uncertain status
  • Neti - a minor underworld god; the chief gatekeeper of the netherworld and the servant of Ereshkigal
  • Ngeshtin-ana - goddess of wine and cold seasons
  • Nibhaz - god of the Avim
  • Nidaba - goddess of writing, learning and the harvest
  • Namtar - minister of Ereshkigal
  • Nin-Ildu - god of carpenters
  • Nin-imma - goddess of the female sex organs
  • Ninazu - god of the underworld and healing
  • Nindub - god associated with the city Lagash
  • Ninegal - god of smiths
  • Ningal - goddess of reeds and consort of Nanna (Sin)
  • Ningikuga - goddess of reeds and marshes
  • Ningilin - obscure god of uncertain status
  • Ningirama - god of magic and protector against snakes
  • Ningishzida - god of the underworld
  • Ninkarnunna - god of barbers
  • Ninkasi - goddess of beer
  • Ninkurra - minor mother goddess
  • Ninmena - Sumerian mother goddess who became syncretized with Ninhursag
  • Ninsar - goddess of plants
  • Ninshubur - Queen of the East, messenger goddess and second-in-command to Inanna
  • Ninsun - "Lady Wild Cow"; mother of Gilgamesh
  • Ninsutu - a minor deity born to relieve the illness of Enki
  • Nintinugga - Babylonian goddess of healing
  • Nintulla - a minor deity born to relieve the illness of Enki
  • Nu Mus Da - patron god of the lost city of Kazallu
  • Nunbarsegunu - goddess of barley
  • Nusku - god of light and fire
  • Pabilsaĝ - tutelary god of the city of Isin
  • Pap-nigin-gara - Akkadian and Babylonian god of war, syncretized with Ninurta
  • Papsukkal - Akkadian messenger god
  • Sarpanit - mother goddess and consort of Marduk
  • The Sebitti - a group of minor war gods
  • Shakka - patron god of herdsmen
  • Shala - goddess of war and grain
  • Shara - minor god of war and a son of Inanna
  • Sharra Itu - Sumerian fertility goddess
  • Shu-pa-e - astral and fertility god associated with the planet Jupiter
  • Shul-utula - personal deity to Entemena, king of the city of Eninnu
  • Shullat - minor god and attendant of Shamash
  • Shulmanu - god of the underworld, fertility and war
  • Shulsaga - astral goddess
  • Sirara - goddess of the Persian Gulf
  • Siris - goddess of beer
  • Sirsir - god of mariners and boatmen
  • Sirtir - goddess of sheep
  • Sumugan - god of the river plains
  • Tashmetum - consort of Nabu
  • Tishpak - tutelary god of the city of Eshnunna
  • Tutu - tutelary god of the city of Borsippa
  • Ua-Ildak - goddess responsible for pastures and poplar trees
  • Ukur - a god of the underworld
  • Uttu - goddess of weaving and clothing
  • Wer - a storm god linked to Adad
  • Zaqar - messenger of Sin who relays communication through dreams and nightmares

Primordial beings

  • Abzu - the Ocean Below, the name for fresh water from underground aquifers; depicted as a deity only in the Babylonian creation epic Enûma Eliš
  • Anshar - god of the sky and male principle
  • Kishar - goddess of the earth and female principle
  • Lahamu - first-born daughter of Abzu and Tiamat
  • Lahmu - first-born son of Abzu and Tiamat; a protective and beneficent deity
  • Mummu - god of crafts and technical skill
  • Tiamat - primordial goddess of the ocean

Demigods and heroes

  • Adapa - a hero who unknowingly refused the gift of immortality
  • The Apkallu - seven demigods created by the god Enki to give civilization to mankind
  • Enkidu - hero and companion of Gilgamesh
  • Enmerkar - the legendary builder of the city of Uruk
  • Gilgamesh - hero and king of Uruk; central character in the Epic of Gilgamesh
  • Lugalbanda - second king of Uruk, who ruled for 1,200 years

Spirits and demons

  • Asag - monstrous demon whose presence makes fish boil alive in the rivers
  • The edimmu - ghosts of those who were not buried properly
  • Hanbi or Hanpa - father of Pazuzu
  • Humbaba - guardian of the Cedar Forest
  • Lamashtu - a malevolent being who menaced women during childbirth
  • Pazuzu - king of the demons of the wind; he also represented the southwestern wind, the bearer of storms and drought
  • Rabisu - an evil vampiric spirit
  • Zu - divine storm-bird and the personification of the southern wind and the thunder clouds

Legendary beasts

Also on Fandom

Random Wiki