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List of Australian Aboriginal deities

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The Rainbow Snake is a common feature of the mythology and art of indigenous Australian cultures

The following is a list of Australian Aboriginal deities and spirits.

New South Wales

Northern Territory


South Australia


  • Crow (Waa), Kulin trickster, culture hero and ancestral being
  • Baiame, southeast Australian creational ancestral hero
  • Balayang, bat deity and brother of Bunjil
  • Binbeal, Kulin rainbow deity and son of Bunjil
  • Bunjil, Kulin creator deity and ancestral being, represented as an eagle
  • Bunyip, mythical creature said to lurk in swamps, billabongs, creeks, riverbeds, and waterholes
  • Daramulum, southeast Australian deity and son of Baiame
  • Gnowee, solar goddess who searches daily for her lost son; her torch is the sun
  • Karatgurk, seven sisters who represent the Pleiades star cluster
  • Kondole, man who became the first whale
  • Nargun, fierce half-human, half-stone female creature of Gunai legend
  • Pundjel, creator deity involved in the initiation of boys
  • Thinan-malkia, evil spirit who captures victims with nets that entangle their feet
  • Tiddalik, frog of southeast Australian legend who drank all the water in the land, and had to be made to laugh to regurgitate it
  • Wambeen, evil lightning-hurling figure who targets travellers

Western Australia

  • Bagadjimbiri, a pair of Karadjeri creator-spirits
  • Dilga, Karadjeri goddess of fertility and growth, and mother of the Bagadjimbiri
  • Julana, lecherous Jumu spirit who surprises women by burrowing beneath the sand, leaping out, and raping them
  • Kidili, Mandjindja moon deity who was castrated for attempting to rape the first women, who in turn became the Pleiades
  • Ngariman, Karadjeri cat-man who killed the Bagadjimbiri and was drowned in revenge
  • Njirana, Jumu deity and father of Julana
  • Ungud, snake deity associated with rainbows and the fertility and erections of the tribe's shamans
  • Wagyl, Noongar snakelike creator being
  • Wati-kutjara, a pair of western Australian lizard-men
  • Wondjina, Mowanjum cloud or rain spirits


  • Rainbow Serpent, a common feature of the art and mythology of Aboriginal Australian cultures


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