Fandom

Religion Wiki

Latae sententiae

34,278pages on
this wiki
Add New Page
Talk0 Share

Ad blocker interference detected!


Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.

Latae sententiae is a Latin term used in the canon law of the Catholic Church meaning literally "given (already passed) sentence".

Officially, a latae sententiae penalty follows automatically, by force of the law itself, when the law is contravened.[1]

A latae sententiae penalty may be either one of excommunication, interdict, or suspension. Excommunication prohibits the exercise of certain baptismal rights, and may involve restrictions on participation in liturgical events and church governance, and the reception of church benefits.[2][3]

An interdict involves the same liturgical restrictions as excommunication, but does not affect participation in Church governance.[4] Suspension, which affects only members of the clergy, affects all or some acts of power of orders, governance, or functions attached to an office.[5]

In the code of Roman Catholic canon law currently in force, there are eight instances when a person may incur excommunication latae sententiae. Unless the excusing circumstances outlined in canons 1321-1330[6] are verified, the following persons incur excommunication latae sententiae:

Various other persons incur excommunication latae sententiae by papal decree, including:

Some instances in which one incurs interdict latae sententiae include the following:

If the ecclesiastical authority notices someone incurring what it considers a latae sententiae penalty, it may declare that the person has done so. However, the excommunication is in effect since the perceived fault was committed, and the declaration simply aims to ascertain what the Church considers a fact. However, once the excommunication has been declared, the effects are more severe, as indicated in canon 1331 §2.

A latae sententiae penalty differs from a ferendae sententiae (sentence to be passed) one. If one commits an ecclesiastical offense for which a ferendae sententiae punishment is prescribed, the penalty will only take effect when imposed by the competent ecclesiastical authority.[1]

Note that latae sententiae is an adjectival phrase accompanying a noun, such as "excommunication". In connection with a verb, the corresponding adverbial phrase is in ablative absolute form, as in: "He was excommunicated lata sententia."

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Can. 1314". Code of Canon Law. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG1104/__P4V.HTM. Retrieved 2008-06-01. 
  2. "Can. 1331". Code of Canon Law. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG1104/__P4X.HTM. Retrieved 2008-06-01. 
  3. "Excommunication". Catholic Encyclopedia. New Advent. http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/05678a.htm. Retrieved 2008-06-01. 
  4. "Can. 1332". Code of Canon Law. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG1104/__P4X.HTM. Retrieved 2008-06-01. 
  5. "Can. 1333". Code of Canon Law. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG1104/__P4X.HTM. Retrieved 2008-06-01. 
  6. "Cann. 1321-1330". Code of Canon Law. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG1104/__P4W.HTM. Retrieved 2008-06-01. 
  7. "Can. 1364". Code of Canon Law. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG1104/__P52.HTM. Retrieved 2008-06-01. 
  8. "Can. 1367". Code of Canon Law. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG1104/__P52.HTM. Retrieved 2008-06-01. 
  9. 9.0 9.1 "Can. 1370". Code of Canon Law. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG1104/__P53.HTM. Retrieved 2008-06-01. 
  10. 10.0 10.1 "Can. 1378". Code of Canon Law. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG1104/__P54.HTM. Retrieved 2008-06-01. 
  11. "Can. 1382". Code of Canon Law. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG1104/__P54.HTM. Retrieved 2008-06-01. 
  12. "Can. 1388". Code of Canon Law. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG1104/__P54.HTM. Retrieved 2008-06-01. 
  13. "Can. 1398". Code of Canon Law. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG1104/__P57.HTM. Retrieved 2008-06-01. 
  14. "Can. 1329". Code of Canon Law. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG1104/__P4W.HTM. Retrieved 2008-06-01. 
  15. John Paul II. "Universi Dominici Gregis". http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/john_paul_ii/apost_constitutions/documents/hf_jp-ii_apc_22021996_universi-dominici-gregis_en.html. Retrieved 2008-06-01. 
  16. Vatican says will excommunicate women priests | International | Reuters
  17. "Can. 1390". Code of Canon Law. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG1104/__P55.HTM. Retrieved 2008-06-01. 
  18. "Can. 1394". Code of Canon Law. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG1104/__P56.HTM. Retrieved 2008-06-01. 

See also

Also on Fandom

Random Wiki