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La Trinità della Cava

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Badia di Cava

Abbey of Cava

La Trinità della Cava (commonly known as Badia di Cava) is a Benedictine abbey located near Cava de' Tirreni, in the Province of Salerno. It stands in a gorge of the Finestre Hills.

History

It was founded in 1011 by Alferius of Pappacarbona, a noble of Salerno who became a Cluniac monk and had lived as a hermit in the vicinity since 1011. Pope Urban II endowed this monastery with many privileges, making it immediately subject to the Holy See, with jurisdiction over the surrounding territory.

The first four abbots were canonized as saints on December 21, 1893 by Pope Leo XIII.[1]

In 1394 Pope Boniface IX elevated it to a diocese, with the abbot functioning as bishops. In 1513 Pope Leo X separated the two offices, detaching the city of Cava from the abbot's jurisdiction. About the same time the Cluniacs were replaced by Cassinese monks.[2]

The monastery was closed under Napoleon but the community remained relatively unscathed, thanks to abbot Carlo Mazzacane, and was restored after his fall. The abbey still provides the surrounding parishes with clergy.

The church and the greater part of the buildings were entirely modernized in 1796. The old Gothic cloisters are preserved.The church contains a fine organ and several ancient sarcophagi.

The monastery contains rich archives of public and private documents, which date back to the 8th century, e.g. the Codex Legum Longobardorum of 1004, and the La Cava Bible) and fine incunabula. The monastery later became the seat of a national educational establishment, under the care of the Benedictines.

Abbots

  • Saint Alferius of Pappacarbona (1011-1050)
  • Saint Leo I of Cava (1050-79)
  • Saint Peter of Pappacarbone (1079-1122)
  • Saint Constabilis (1122-1124)
  • Blessed Simeon (1124-1140)
  • Blessed Beato Falcone (1140-1146)
  • Blessed 1146-1170: Beato Marino
  • Blessed Benincasa (1171-1194)
  • Blessed Peter II (1195-1208)
  • Blessed Balsamo (1208-1232)
  • Blessed Leonard (1232-1255)
  • Blessed Leo II (1266-1295)
  • Blessed Philip de Haya (1316-1331)
  • Blessed Maynerio (1342-1366)
Bishop-Abbots
  • John of Aragon
  • Oliverio Carafa
Abbots
  • Crisostomo d'Alessandro (1512-1517)
  • Gerolamo Guevara (1528-1552)
  • Pellegrino Dell'Erre (1549-1550)
  • Vittorino Manso (1588-1592)
  • Giulio Vecchioni (1630-1633)
  • Gregorio Lottieri (1640-1642)
  • Giuseppe Lomellino (1647-1651)
  • Severino Boccia (1671-1677)
  • Gaetano Dattilo (1772-1778)
  • Raffaele Pasca (1781-1787)
  • Tommaso Capomazza (1793-1801)
  • Carlo Mazzacane (1801-1824)
  • Pietro Candida (1844-1849)
  • Onofrio Granata (1849-1858)
  • Michele Morcaldi (1878-1894)
  • Benedetto Bonazzi (1894-1902)
  • Silvano de Stefano (1902-1908)
  • Angelo Maria Ettinger (1910-1918)
  • Giuseppe Placido M. Nicolini (1919-1928)
  • Ildefonso Rea (1929-1945)
  • Mauro De Caro (1946-1956)
  • Fausto Mezza (1956-1967)
  • Michele Alfredo Marra (1969-1992)
  • Benedetto Maria Salvatore Chianetta (since 1995)

See also

Notes

External links

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