In many Indian languages, Kumar literally means prince or a young/unmarried male.
The feminine version of the term is Kumari, which means a young/unmarried female, daughter or princess.
- Among the Rajputs, Kumar (male) or Kumari (female) is often used as a middle name. Variants include: Kunwar, Kumara, Kumaru and Kumaran. Kumar means Prince, and Kumari means Princess; it is also used in heir apparent titles and enters into Rajput and Princely State titles. Kumar is also the name of a clan (all titled) Chetris who claim descent from the Suryavanshis, the Ranas of Mewar, and the ancestral predecessors of the Maharanas of Udaipur in Rajasthan.
- North Malabar
- In North Malabar, Kumar or Kutty means boy, while Kumari or Kunji means girl.
- UP and Bihar
- In Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and other parts of North India, the name is commonly used as a middle name given to male children. Often one will use it as a suffix to refer to any child, sometimes as a term of affection. For example, a child named Jagdish Tiwari maybe called Jagdish Kumar by relatives or friends, even though Kumar may or may not be in his name.
- West Bengal
- Other places
Name used for original child follower of Supreme Father Shiva Baba; kumar for male and kumari for female. Divine family live pure life so hence like brother and sister of Father Brahma.
Former princely states
- Cooch Behar
- The sons of the ruling Maharaja: Maharaj Kumar Shri (personal name) Narayan. (Narayan being the name of the dynasty). The grandsons of the ruling prince, in the male line: Raj Kumar Shri (personal name) Narayan.
- Jammu and Kashmir
- The Heir Apparent of the ruling Maharaja: Maharaj Kumar Shri Yuvaraj (personal name). The younger sons of the ruling prince: Maharaj Kumar Shri Mannan (personal name).
- The Heir Apparent of the Sir Desai (ruler) of Savantwadi was styled Rajanathan Kumar, Shrimant (personal name).
- The Heir apparent (surviving brother or nephew, under the Marumakkathayam law of matrilineal inheritance, according to male primogeniture) of the ruling Maharaja of Travancore was styled: Maharaj Kumar (personal name) Varma, Ilaya Raja of Travancore; the sons of the ruler: Sri (personal name) Tampi.
In Nepal, Kumari refers to a young girl designated as a living Goddess as part of the tradition. Tourists from all over the world travel to Nepal just to get a glimpse of her. Although there are several Kumari's in Nepal, The Royal Kumari is the best known Kumari, as she's situated in Kathmandu.
Kumar, is a living god in Nepal. Kumar also literally means virgin in Nepali, and was the name of the god son of Lord Shiva. brother of elephant headed god Ganesh.
- Kumar itself (meaning prince in Nepali), is the usual title.
(which is never used for 'mere' commoner descendants) bestowed on the son-in-law of a Sovereign (the King is styled Maharajadhiraja).
- Adhirajkumar 'son of the ruler of rulers', or Prince, is the usual title borne by the sons of a sovereign, his brothers, and paternal uncles.
- Maharaj Adhirajkumar is the usual prefix for the son of a King holding the rank and title of Sri Chautaria.
- Rajkumar 'royal son' is the title borne by the sons of a Raja (Hindu ruler of lower rank) and by the sons of a Nepalese King by a lesser wife or concubine.
- Yuvarajkumar 'Young Prince', is the usual title for the younger sons of the Crown Prince.
- Kumar is a name that refers to a son of king.
- In Lambjang and Kaski the "a" class sons of the 'ruling' Maharaja: Sri Sri Sri Maharaj Kumar (given name) Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana, in the male line: Kunwar (given name) Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana.
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