Kumār (Sanskrit: कुमार; meaning child or Skanda, the Hindu God of War) is a title, a given name or a family name native to South Asia.

In many Indian languages, Kumar literally means prince or a young/unmarried male.


The feminine version of the term is Kumari, which means a young/unmarried female, daughter or princess.


Among the Rajputs, Kumar (male) or Kumari (female) is often used as a middle name. Variants include: Kunwar, Kumara, Kumaru and Kumaran. Kumar means Prince, and Kumari means Princess; it is also used in heir apparent titles and enters into Rajput and Princely State titles. Kumar is also the name of a clan (all titled) Chetris who claim descent from the Suryavanshis, the Ranas of Mewar, and the ancestral predecessors of the Maharanas of Udaipur in Rajasthan.
North Malabar
In North Malabar, Kumar or Kutty means boy, while Kumari or Kunji means girl.
UP and Bihar
In Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and other parts of North India, the name is commonly used as a middle name given to male children. Often one will use it as a suffix to refer to any child, sometimes as a term of affection. For example, a child named Jagdish Tiwari maybe called Jagdish Kumar by relatives or friends, even though Kumar may or may not be in his name.
West Bengal

In Bengali "kumar" refers to young unmarried/ single male. It has a sanskrit origin: "kuma'r".

Other places

Kumar is a very common name in India, mostly used as a prefix in South India and suffix in North India (Punjab side). It is also used as a common prefix like Mr., Mrs. & master.

Brahma Kumaris World Spiritual University

Name used for original child follower of Supreme Father Shiva Baba; kumar for male and kumari for female. Divine family live pure life so hence like brother and sister of Father Brahma.

Former princely states

Cooch Behar
The sons of the ruling Maharaja: Maharaj Kumar Shri (personal name) Narayan. (Narayan being the name of the dynasty). The grandsons of the ruling prince, in the male line: Raj Kumar Shri (personal name) Narayan.
Jammu and Kashmir
The Heir Apparent of the ruling Maharaja: Maharaj Kumar Shri Yuvaraj (personal name). The younger sons of the ruling prince: Maharaj Kumar Shri Mannan (personal name).
The Heir Apparent of the Sir Desai (ruler) of Savantwadi was styled Rajanathan Kumar, Shrimant (personal name).
The Heir apparent (surviving brother or nephew, under the Marumakkathayam law of matrilineal inheritance, according to male primogeniture) of the ruling Maharaja of Travancore was styled: Maharaj Kumar (personal name) Varma, Ilaya Raja of Travancore; the sons of the ruler: Sri (personal name) Tampi.


In Nepal, Kumari refers to a young girl designated as a living Goddess as part of the tradition. Tourists from all over the world travel to Nepal just to get a glimpse of her. Although there are several Kumari's in Nepal, The Royal Kumari is the best known Kumari, as she's situated in Kathmandu.

Kumar, is a living god in Nepal. Kumar also literally means virgin in Nepali, and was the name of the god son of Lord Shiva. brother of elephant headed god Ganesh.

  • Kumar itself (meaning prince in Nepali), is the usual title.

(which is never used for 'mere' commoner descendants) bestowed on the son-in-law of a Sovereign (the King is styled Maharajadhiraja).

  • Adhirajkumar 'son of the ruler of rulers', or Prince, is the usual title borne by the sons of a sovereign, his brothers, and paternal uncles.
  • Maharaj Adhirajkumar is the usual prefix for the son of a King holding the rank and title of Sri Chautaria.
  • Rajkumar 'royal son' is the title borne by the sons of a Raja (Hindu ruler of lower rank) and by the sons of a Nepalese King by a lesser wife or concubine.
  • Yuvarajkumar 'Young Prince', is the usual title for the younger sons of the Crown Prince.
  • Kumar is a name that refers to a son of king.
  • In Lambjang and Kaski the "a" class sons of the 'ruling' Maharaja: Sri Sri Sri Maharaj Kumar (given name) Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana, in the male line: Kunwar (given name) Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana.

See also


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