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|Princely Imperial Abbey of Kornelimünster|
|Imperial Abbey of the Holy Roman Empire|
|Historical era||Middle Ages|
|-||Gained Reichsfreiheit||mid-9th century 9th century|
|-||Acquired reliquary head|
of Pope Cornelius
|-||Joined Lower Rhenish-|
|-||Secularised by France||1802|
|-||Awarded to Prussia||June 9, 1815|
The monastery was founded in 814 by Benedict of Aniane, adviser to Emperor Louis the Pious, successor to Charlemagne, on the little river Inde. The monastery was at first known as the "monastery of the Redeemer on the Inde".
In the mid-9th century the monastery became an Imperial abbey ("reichsunmittelbar") and received not only great endowments of land but also the so-called biblical or Saviour's relics: the loincloth, the sudarium and the shroud.
In 875, half of the shroud was exchanged for a relic of the head of the martyred Pope Cornelius (died in 253), after which the abbey was known as Sancti Cornelii ad Indam, and later as Kornelimünster. (The full official title of the present monastery is the Abbey of the Abbot Saint Benedict of Aniane and Pope Cornelius).
In 1802, the territory of Kornelimünster came under French rule and the abbey was dissolved in the secularisation. The abbey church became the parish church, and the remaining abbey buildings state property, now belonging to the Bundesland of North Rhine-Westphalia. Kornelimünster became a mairie in Kanton Burtscheid.
In 1815, Kornelimünster became part of the Kingdom of Prussia and of the district (Landkreis) of Aachen.
The monastery was re-founded by Benedictines in 1906 and is still in operation.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Kornelimünster|
- (German) Kornelimünster Abbey official website
- (German) History of the Reichsfürstabtei Kornelimünster with map, 1789
- (German) Monumente-Online:Aachen - Notes on the Benedictine Abbey of Kornelimünster