|Styles of |
Konrad Cardinal von Preysing
|Reference style||His Eminence|
|Spoken style||Your Eminence|
Johann Konrad Maria Augustin Felix Graf von Preysing Lichtenegg-Moos (August 30, 1880—December 21, 1950) was a German prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Bishop of Berlin from 1935 until his death, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1946 by Pope Pius XII.
Early life and ordinationEdit
Preysing was born at the castle of Kronwinkel, near Munich, to the nobles Kaspar von Preysing and his wife Hedwig von Walterskirchen. His brothers Albert and Joseph also became priests. Preysing attended a Landshut gymnasium before entering the University of Munich in 1898.
After studying at the University of Würzburg from 1901 to 1902, he forfeited a diplomatic career for an ecclesiastical one. He then obtained his doctorate in theology in 1913 from the Theological Faculty of Innsbruck, which he had entered in 1908. Preysing was ordained to the priesthood on July 29, 1912.
Secretary to the CardinalEdit
As the Cardinal's secretary, he attended the 1914 papal conclave that elected Pope Benedict XV. Preysing did pastoral work in the Archdiocese of Munich and Freising from 1916 to 1932. He was made a canon of the cathedral chapter on April 1, 1928, and an Honorary Chamberlain of His Holiness on May 15, 1914.
On September 9, 1932, Preysing was appointed Bishop of Eichstätt by Pope Pius XI. He received his episcopal consecration on the following October 28 from Archbishop Jacobus von Hauck, with Bishops Matthias Ehrenfried and Sigmund Ow-Felldorf serving as co-consecrators, in Eichstätt Cathedral. Preysing was later named Bishop of Berlin on July 5, 1935, and installed as such on the following August 31.
Pope Pius XII created him Cardinal Priest of S. Agata de' Goti in the consistory of February 18, 1946; Angelo Cardinal Roncalli, the nuncio to France, provided the Bishop with the money for the trip to Rome.
At the ceremony, when another new cardinal remarked that their red hats would be suspended in their cathedrals following their deaths, Preysing responded, "Your Eminence forgets that I have no roof", as St. Hedwig's Cathedral had been bombed during the war.
Arrested Lutheran clericsEdit
A January 1941 letter from bishop von Preysing to Pope Pius XII indicated that he was aware of the dire situation of European Jews and that he had been seeking help from the Holy See on the question. 
Communist National FrontEdit
Nazi euthanasia programEdit
In a sermon in March 1941 Preysing supported and lauded Pius XII's opposition to the killing of the sick or otherwise infrm on either economic or eugenical grounds.
- ↑ TIME Magazine. Milestones January 1, 1951
- ↑ Pham, John-Peter. "Heirs of the Fisherman: Behind the Scenes of Papal Death and Succession". Oxford University Press, 2007
- ↑ Ibid.
- ↑ TIME Magazine. The Roads to Rome January 7, 1946
- ↑ TIME Magazine. German Martyrs December 23, 1940
- ↑ Pope Pius XII and the Holocaust
- ↑ TIME Magazine. The Bureaucrat June 30, 1961
- ↑ TIME Magazine. The Hunt February 27, 1950
- ↑ Goldhagen v. Pius XII
Johannes von Mergel, OSB
|Bishop of Eichstätt|
| Succeeded by|
|Bishop of Berlin|
| Succeeded by|