Vienna Pallas closeup

A statue of Athena, the Greek goddess of wisdom

A knowledge deity is a deity in mythology associated with knowledge, wisdom, or intelligence.

List of knowledge deities

Australian Aboriginal mythology

  • Jar'Edo Wens, deity associated with earthly knowledge and physical might

Celtic mythology

  • Ogma, a figure from Irish and Scottish mythology, said to have invented the Ogham alphabet

Chinese mythology

Egyptian mythology

  • Neith, early Egyptian goddess sometimes associated with wisdom
  • Thoth, god of wisdom and scribe of the gods, credited with the invention of writing and the alphabet
  • Saa, the deification of wisdom
  • Seshat, goddess of wisdom, knowledge and writing

Etruscan mythology

Greek mythology

Hindu mythology

Ganesha Basohli miniature circa 1730 Dubost p73

Ganesha, the Hindu god of knowledge and wisdom

  • Saraswati, goddess of knowledge and all literary arts including music, literature and speech
  • Ganesha, god of intellect and wisdom

Hittite mythology

  • A'as, god of wisdom

Japanese mythology

Mesopotamian mythology

  • Al-Kutbay, Nabataean, god of knowledge, commerce, writing, and prophecy
  • Enki, god of intelligence, as well as crafts, mischief, water and creation
  • Nabu, Babylonian god of wisdom and writing
  • Nidaba, Sumerian goddess of writing, learning, and the harvest

Norse mythology

  • Odin, the ruler of Asgard who sacrificed his eye and hung for nine days from the world tree Yggdrasil in order to gain the wisdom of the ages
  • Mímir, a god renowned for his knowledge and wisdom; Odin is advised by his decapitated head
  • Snotra, goddess associated with wisdom
  • Vör, goddess associated with wisdom

Persian mythology

  • Anahita, goddess of 'the Waters' (Aban) - fertility, healing and wisdom

Polynesian mythology

  • Anulap, god of magic and knowledge

Roman mythology

  • Egeria, water nymph who gives wisdom and prophecy in return for libations of water or milk at her sacred grove
  • Fabulinus, the god who taught children speech
  • Minerva, goddess of wisdom and the Roman equivalent of Athena
  • Providentia, goddess of forethought

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