A kittel, also spelled kitl, (Yiddsish: קיטל), robe, coat, cf. German Kittel ‘(house/work) coat’) is a white robe which serves as a burial shroud for male Jews. It is also worn on special occasions by Ashkenazi Jews. In western Europe this garment is called a Sargenes. The word Sargenes is related to the Old French serge as well as Latin 'serica. The term has mainly fallen out of use in modern times.
According to many traditions a bridegroom wears a kittel on his wedding day. Many Jews also wear a kittel when leading the Passover Seder. In some communities, the Cantor wears it during certain special services during the year, such as the first night of Selichot, the seventh day of the Holiday of Sukkot (also known as Hoshanah Rabbah], the Musaf prayers of Shemini Atzeret and the first day of Passover, where the prayers for rain (Tefilat HaGeshem) and dew (Tefilat HaTal) are respectively recited.
The white color is said to symbolize purity, which partly explains its use during weddings. It is also felt to signify unity with the bride (who also wears white) and the beginning of a new life together. Another reason worn at the wedding is because it has no pockets, showing that the couple is marrying for love, not for what they possess.
- ↑ "Ask the rabbi #207". 1998-09-19. http://ohr.edu/ask/ask207.htm#Q6. Retrieved 2009-09-30.
- ↑ Bart, Simcha. "Why is a kittel worn on Yom Kippur". http://www.askmoses.com/en/article/561,2080037/Why-is-a-kittel-worn-on-Yom-Kippur.html.
- ↑ Eider, Shimon. Halachos of Pesach. Feldheim publishers. ISBN 0-87306-864-5.
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