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|Children||Mahalalel and may others|
Kenan (also spelled Qenan or Kaïnan, as found in Luke 3:36, 37), Hebrew: קֵינָן, Modern Qeinan Tiberian Qênān ; "possession; smith", or Cainan, was a Biblical patriarch first mentioned in the Hebrew Bible Book of Genesis as living before the Great Flood.
According to Genesis 5:9-14, he was the grandson of Seth and son of Enos. Born when Enos was ninety years old, Kenan had his only named son, Mahalalel, when he was seventy. Other sons and daughters were born to Kenan before he died at 910 years of age.
This name seems to derive from words denoting a permanent dwelling place or stronghold.
In Islamic miniatures Noah's Ark is sometimes depicted with a kind of manned diving bell next to it. Long thought of as a puzzling reference to Iskandar, famous for his underwater exploits, alternative Flood stories show this occupant to be the disobedient Kenan, trying to escape the waters his own way (only to drown in urine inside his contraption as God punishes him with a bladder infection).
Two men named Cainan are mentioned in the genealogy of Jesus given in Luke 3 in the New Testament. One of these is the son of Enos above; a second Cainan is listed as the son of Arpachshad and father of Salah, who lived in the time between Noah and Abraham.
This Cainan also appears in the Septuagint (Greek) Old Testament, but is omitted by the Hebrew Masoretic text. For this reason, this second Cainan is considered to be a scribal error by some scholars. Nevertheless, a substantial number of traditions about this other Cainan exist in the history of literature.