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Kalian

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This is an India musical raga (composition) that appears in the Sikh tradition from northern India and is part of the Sikh holy scripture called Sri Guru Granth Sahib or SGGS for short. Every raga has a strict set of rules which govern the number of notes that can be used; which notes can be used; and their interplay that has to be adhered to for the composition of a tune.

In the SGGS, the Sikh holy Granth (book) there are a total of 31 raga compositions and this raga is the twenty-ninth raga to appear in the series. The composition in this raga appear on a total of 8 pages from page numbers 1319 to 1327.

The Indian Sanskrit name for this raga is Kalyan and the Persian is Yuman. In the Ragmala, Kalian is the son of Dipak while today it is the head of the Kalian thata. It is performed during the first part of the night and is considered a blessing bringing all good into one's life. Guru Ram Das and Guru Arjan composed 23 hymns to this raga. The texts exalt the far-reaching and all-pervading power of the Lord. In the Holy Book the only raga variant given is Bhopali (Bhupali).

  • Aroh: Ni Re Ga, M'a Pa, Dha, Ni Sa
  • Avroh: Sa Ni Dha, Pa, M'a Ga, Re Sa
  • Pakar: Ni Re Ga, Re Sa, Pa M'a Ga, Re Sa
  • Vadi; Ga
  • Samvadi: Ni

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