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While Judenfrei merely to "freeing" an area of all of its Jewish citizens, the term Judenrein (literally "clean of Jews") was also used. This had the stronger connotation that any trace of Jewish blood had been removed as an impurity.
Locations declared Judenfrei
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Establishments, villages, cities, and regions were declared Judenfrei after they were ethnically cleansed of Jews.
- Gelnhausen, Germany – reported Judenfrei on November 1, 1938 by propaganda newspaper Kinzigwacht after its synagogue was closed and remaining local Jews forced to leave the town.
- German-occupied Luxembourg – reported Judenfrei by the press on October 17, 1941.
- German-occupied Estonia – December 1941. Reported as Judenfrei at the Wannsee Conference on January 20, 1942.
- German-occupied Serbia/Belgrade – August 1942
- Vienna – reported Judenfrei by Alois Brunner on October 9, 1942
- Berlin, Germany – May 19, 1943
- ↑ Holocaust Glossary: Terms, Places, and Personalities
- ↑ Aryanization: Judenrein & Judenfrei
- ↑ JUDAUSKomplett.cdr
- ↑ Commémoration de la Shoah au Luxembourg
- ↑ Extract from Report by Einsatzgruppe A
- ↑ Museum of Tolerance Multimedia Learning Center
- ↑ http://books.google.com/books?id=Fz1PW_wnHYMC&pg=PA83&dq=belgrade+judenfrei+first&client=firefox-a
- ↑ Final Solution (New York, 1985), p. 77; Walter Manoschek, "Serbien ist judenfrei".
- ↑ http://books.google.com/books?id=U765FGDfbPoC&pg=PA93&dq=serbia+judenfrei&client=firefox-a#PPA93,M1
- ↑ http://books.google.com/books?id=tnoARDLDYNAC&pg=PA86&dq=serbia+judenfrei&client=firefox-a
- ↑